MADAME GUÉRIN : POPPY LADY : TIMELINE

MADAME GUÉRIN : POPPY LADY : TIMELINE

A ‘Work in Progress’ List …

1878, 03 Feb:      Anna Alix Boulle was born in Vallon (-Pont-d’Arc), Ardèche, Rhône-Alpes, France.  She was born to French Protestant parents:  Farm Proprietor Auguste Boulle and his wife Anna Granier.  She was a second child, a first daughter.

1892, May:      Either on 16 or 19 May 1892, Anna Alix Boulle took an examination in relation to the awarding of school scholarships.  At 14 years old, Anna Alix Boulle passed and was awarded a 1 year’s scholarship.

1892, Oct:       From October 1892 to June 1893 (three trimesters), Mlle. Boulle attended the upper primary school (l’École Supérieure) at Largentière – 23 miles north of Vallon.

1893, 26 Feb:  ‘The Journal officiel de la République française’ confirmed the names of those granted scholarships (having passed May 1892 examinations. Anna’s name was included.

1895, 13 Jul:   Anna graduated from l’École Supérieure of  Largentière, perhaps at a level to tutor.  

1896, 25 Feb:  A photograph, thus dated on the back, was taken of Anna in Ironbridge, Shropshire, England.   It is deduced she obtained a position of ‘Mademoiselle Francaise’ with a family, to tutor the children.  At the time, it was fashionable for such a French governess to be employed, if a family could afford it.

1897, 06 Nov :    Anna married Cuban-born/French National Paul Rabanit, in Vallon, Ardèche.  Neither bridegroom nor bride had a stated profession.   Paul was from Les Vans, less than 20 miles from Vallon.   After the marriage, they went to Madagascar.

cSpring 1898:     Anna went to Madagascar “as a bride” with husband Paul, and lived in Tamatave (Toamasina) – a port on the island’s north-east coast.  Until c1909.

1898?:                 Anna Rabanit began running her school – Headmistress / Director 1898-1909.

1898, 22 Sept:    Anna Rabanit attended a matinée dance given by the Governor General, after lunch.  She was dressed in a black silk dress.

1898, 27 Sept:    Anna Rabanit attended a ball given by the Governor General, for Tamatave “society” – she was named amongst the dancers mentioned.

1899, 22 Mar:     By this date, Anna had applied to the Municipal Commission for a subsidy, for a Community Primary School that she was running – Ecole Rabanit.

1899, 06 Jun:      Anna Rabanit’s school in Rue Nationale was within a list of Tamatave schools which appeared in the ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar  ‘.  It was 4th largest in the list of ten, with 41 pupils.

1899, 12 Apr:      Official approval was announced for the above requested subsidy, in the local newspaper ‘Journal official de Madagascar et dependances’.

1899, 15 Nov:     Anna’s school’s first presentation of prizes was reported upon. In the ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar’.

1900, 23 Feb:      Anna’s first child, daughter Raymonde Laurestine, was born a French National, in Tamatave, Madagascar.  Anna was an “institutrice” (schoolmistress); Paul a “Commerçant” (trader).

1900, 20 Sept:    The ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar’ printed a list which shows both Anna and Paul Rabanit as members of the ‘Alliance Française’ organisation, in Tamatave.

1900, 23 Dec:      Anna Rabanit hosted her school’s prize-giving ceremony at the theatre hall –it was attended by a large crowd.

1901, 23 Feb:      By this date, Ecole Rabanit had increased its pupil numbers.  Together, Ecole Rabanit and Mme. Panon’s smaller school held 108 students, including 27 scholarship holders.

1901, 03 Aug:     The primary school examinations for the certificate of study were held in Tamatave during the week ending 03 August 1901.  Of the 11 pupils who were awarded, seven came from the Rabanit boarding school.

1901, 25 Aug:     A ceremony was held at Anna’s boarding school ‘Pensionnat Rabanit’. The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ (29 August) printed an article about it.

1901, 28 Sept:    FÊTES DE TAMATAVE : Anna’s daughter Raymonde attended a children’s fancy dress  fête, as a “beautiful butterfly painted by hand with four wings painted gauze”.         

1901, 12 Oct:      FÊTES DE TAMATAVE : Anna ‘s sister Adeline, who Anna had brought to Madagascar to help run her school, attended a Grand Ball  in Tamatave, as a lady from Arlés (Arlésienne).

1901, 02 Nov:     Anna’s second daughter Renée Paule was born a French National, in Tamatave, Madagascar.     Anna was an “institutrice” (schoolmistress), Paul was a “Commerçant” (trader).

1901, 26 Nov:     It is proved in the Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances of this date that Anna and Paul Rabanit are living on rue Nationale, at No. 11.  Paul Rabanit, trader, “requested the registration in the capacity as the owner, a property to which he said he wanted to give the name of Vallon, consisting of a bare land located in Tamatave, rue Nationale, province of Tamatave.”  Until proved otherwise, it is deduced that Anna and Paul Rabanit had lived on rue Nationale since arrival.

1902, 15 Mar:     Notice in the ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ that the property called ‘Vallon’ (located in rue Nationale, Tamatave), had a boundary fence erected in the February.

1902, 17 Jul:        General Gallieni was given an official welcome into the port of Tamatave – “The boarding schools for young girls and boys of Mesdames Rabanit et …” was mentioned as attending.

1902, 24 Aug:     Anna Rabanit held a distribution of prizes to her students at the municipal theatre in Tamatave.  The Rabanit school was described as an establishment of “special stature”.

1902, 21 Sept:    Anna’s Rabanit daughters, Raymonde and Renée attended an Infants Festival at Tamatave.   Organised by Gouverneur Général and Madame Gallieni – who received the guests.

1903, 10 Jan:       Anna’s sister Adeline Berthe Boulle married Jean Gérald Moreau, in Tamatave.  Jean was a “géomètre geographie”, a geological surveyor.

1903, 19 Jul:        Anna was named as someone attending a day at the races at l’Hippodrome des Manguiers, Tamatave.

1903, 01 Aug:     The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced that Eugène Guérin had been appointed to a post near Diego-Suarez, Madagascar (future second husband of Anna).

1903, 23 Aug:     Anna Rabanit held a distribution of awards to her boarding school students.  “The local theatre was packed, because everyone had wanted to give to Mrs Rabanit further proof of acknowledgement.”

1903, 26 Aug:     The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ reported on School Prize Days, Anna Rabanit’s boarding school being mentioned.

1903, 13 Sept:    Eugène Guérin arrived in Diego-Suarez, Madagascar, to take up his position.

1903, 25 Sept:    Anna Rabanit attended a beautiful soirée in Tamatave, given in honour of the Gouverneur Général Gallieni and his family at Tamatave – at which all of “elegant society” attended.   Anna’s dramatic role during the interlude-concert was Cléo de Mérode (1875-1966)-a French dancer of the ‘Belle Époque’.      Anna was one of Tamatave’s (even, of Madagascar’s?) ‘société élégante’ …

1903, 04 Oct:      Anna’s daughters Raymonde and Renée took part in a children’s festival, Tamatave, organised by Gouverneur Général and Madame Gallieni  – who received the guests.

1903, 13 Dec:      It was reported that Madame Rabanit justly esteemed and whose House of education is notoriously the premier one of our city was not able to distribute the prizes at her annual gathering at the Municipal Theatre.   However, she would be organising a fête by the end of the month.     

1904, 16 Feb:      ‘Le Madagascar’ publication printed an article about the success of Anna Rabanit’s boarding school.

1904, 02 Mar:     Four young girls, students of Mrs. Rabanit private school, have registered and passed the tests; all four were accepted and classed …”

1904, 04 May:    The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ reported on local schools and Anna Rabanit’s boarding school ‘École Rabanit’ warranted a couple of passages.

1904, 26 Jun:      ‘Le Madagascar’ publication announced a leave of absence of six months for Anna Rabanit.  It is learnt in a future news article that this was due to poor health.

1904, 03 Jul:        It was reported that a most promising pupil of Anna Rabanit, the 13 year old Eugène Bang (son of the Norwegian Consul to Madagascar), was to go to the nearby island of La Réunion – for an examination, normally undertaken by 16 year olds.

1904, 04 Sept:    ‘Le Madagascar’ publication printed this short piece, showing that Miss Courtois was looking after Anna’s school well.

1904, 30 Oct:      ‘Le Madagascar’ paper printed an article headed “Beau succès” .. “Great Success” … it enlightened readers that Anna’s pupil, aforementioned Eugène Bang, had been successful in the primary examinations at La Réunion.

1905, 11 Mar:       Whilst on leave from Madagascar, in Vallon, Anna Rabanit was awarded a Certificat d’aptitude pédagogique (C.A.P.), giving her a higher teaching qualification.

1905, 06 Apr:      Anna Rabanit (amongst others) had arrived back at Tamatave after her leave.

1905, 25 Jun:      The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ printed a short notice about Eugène Guérin moving from Diego-Suarez to become Deputy Judge of the Court of Tamatave.

1907, 01 Mar:     By decree, proposed for the médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms).

1907, 15 Apr:      Divorce proceedings were finalised between Anna and Paul Rabanit.  Anna is living in Tamatave and her occupation is a schoolmistress (“institutrice”).    Paul is now living in the Masoa district of Vatomandry and is a “prospecteur” (?gold or gemstones).

1907, 01 May:    Announced in newspaper that Anna awarded médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms), one of the youngest people to hold the award.   It is reported that General Galliéni presented Anna with her médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms).  It was granted for helping the General to “bring customs and civilisation to Madagasca, particularly by her writing and organisation work.”  (Port Arthur ‘News Chronicle’, 05 July 1921).   On an unknown date, Anna was awarded the médaille Officier de  l’instruction publique.

1907, 22 Jun:      The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced that: “Mr. Guérin, substitute judge, in Tamatave, was appointed lieutenant judge in Dakar.”

1907, 27 Jul:        The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced: that Mr. Guérin, had been appointed as lieutenant judge Dakar, French Senegal.

1907, 18 Aug:     Bulletin officiel de Madagascar et de ses dépendances (01 Aug) reported that Mme Rabanit (teacher) had been given a three-month convalescence leave, to enjoy in France.

1909, 14 Sept:    Anna Rabanit left her professional teaching position in Tamatave.

1909/10:               Left Madagascar and returned to France.

1910, 17 Oct:      Anna married Constantin Charles Eugéne Guérin.  Occupation: Justice of the Peace.  Eugéne was resident at: “Paris 8th(8th arr.) but residing in Kayes   (French West Africa).   He became an Interpreter at a German POW Camp (Camp des Prisonniers de Guerre Alsacien-Lorrain, Saint Rambert-sur-Loire) in France during World War One.

1911, 9 Mar:       Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Madagascar”, at Girton Hall, at 5.30p.m.

1911, 02 Apr:      Anna’s two daughters Raymonde and Renée were found to be pupils at the private girls’ boarding school  Girton House School, Ealing, Middlesex, England: UK 1911 Census.   Madame E. Guérin lectured in Great Britain over four years, under the auspices of the Alliance Français.  Husband Eugéne Guérin continued to work in West Africa.

1911, 19 May:    Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Madagascar”, at Ealing Grammar School [for Boys].

1911, 26 May: Madame Guérin performed her first matinée (of four) at ‘L’Université des Lettres française’, Marble Arch House, London (near Connaught Place) – under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  ‘L’Université des Lettres française’ is now known by the name of ‘L’Institut français du Royaume-Uni’.  The London Times newspaper reviewed the lecture.

1911, 2 Jun:    Madame Guérin performed her second matinée (of four) at ‘L’Université des Lettres française’, Marble Arch House, London – under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  The London Times newspaper reviewed the lecture.

It was a series of four ‘Matinées Litteraires et Musicales’ lectures she organised there – perhaps she performed in front of Royalty at one of these matinees (?).  The subject of the first matinée (on an unknown date) was ‘The Empresses of France, Josephine and Marie Louise’. This, the second, matinée was about the Celebrated Women of the First Empire: Napoleon’s sisters, actresses, etc.

1911, Aug:      By the end of August, Madame Guérin had performed three matinée lectures at the L’Universite des Lettres Francaise, Marble Arch House, under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  The third matinée’s subject was “The Empress Eugenie and Princess Mathilde.”   There were four matinees.

1911, 2 Nov:       Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Joséphine and Marie Louise, wives of Napoleon”, at the Ealing Branch of the Alliance Française.

1911, 7 Dec:        Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Marie Antoinette” for the Alliance Française of Ealing, at Monsieur Paul’s restaurant.

1911, 12 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave her fourth lecture at the L’Universite des Lettres Francaise, Marble Arch House, under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  The theme of her lecture was “The Times of Napoleon Bonaparte” and she was accompanied by Mlle. Amstad. The London Times newspaper reviewed the lecture.

1911, 14 Nov:     Madame E. Guérin gave a lecture at Bedford Grammar School on the afternoon of the 14th.  The lecture was given in French, on Madagascar.   The lecture was illustrated by portraits and limelight views.

1911, 23 Dec:      A lecture at Hastings & St. Leonards Ladies’ College, on Madagascar.

1912, 09 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture in the evening to the French society ‘Les Amis des Annales’ at the Gartshore Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland.  Her subject was Marie Antoinette and the lecture would have done under the auspices of the Alliance française, as with her other lectures.

1912, 23 Nov:     An advertisement in ‘Bath Chronicle & Weekly Gazette’: “ASSEMBLY ROOMS, BATH : ‘The Celebrated French Lecturer’ :  Mme. E. Guérin : (who has already given 400 French Artistic Lectures all over England) will give : THREE FRENCH ARTISTIC LECTURES (in Costume of the Period) : From 3 to 4 p.m.,  … Wednesdays : NOV. 27th, DEC. 18th, and JAN. 22nd. …”

1912, 27 Nov:     Anna Guérin gave her 1st lecture (of a series of 3) at the Bath Assembly Rooms – headed ‘Jeanne d’Arc, Heroine and Martyr’. “… it was noticed that many were moved to tears by the touching recital.” 

1912, 03 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture in Edinburgh, the subject being “Les Impératrices de France” – Josephine and Marie Louise, wives of Napoleon.

1912, 18 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave her 2nd lecture in Bath – at Bathwick Ladies School.   The subject of the lecture was ‘Heroines of the French Revolution’.

1913, 22 Jan:       Madame Guérin gave her 3rd and last lecture in Bath – at Bathwick Ladies School.  The subject of the lecture was ‘The Empresses of France.   The wives of Napoleon – Josephine and Louise Marie’.

1913, 15 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Gartshore Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland.  The subject of her lecture was “La Princesse de Lamballe and Mme. Vigée-Lebrun, two friends of Marie Antoinette.”

1913, 27 Jun:      The Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer reported on a future lecture to be given by Madame Guérin at the Central Secondary School/Secondary Girls School in Hull.  A protest was made against the fee of three guineas.  The protest found no support.   It was noted that lectures by Madame Guérin had already taken place at the Hymers College and Grammar School in Hull.

1913, 07 Jul:        Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Derby Municipal Secondary School. The lecture was on ‘Marie Antoinette’.                           

1913, 13 Nov:     Anna gave a lecture at Girls’ High School, Derby.

1913, 05 Dec:      ‘The Luton Times and Advertiser’ reported on an invitation lecture given by Madame Guérin at the home of Madame Hatton-Edwards, of The Rookery, Stevenage (date unknown).    Subject was Marie Antoinette.

1913, 13 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture in the evening at the ‘New Cafe’, St. Andrew’s Square, Edinburgh.  (The Scotsman, 13 December 1913).

1914:     ‘13/’14 winter:  During that winter (on a date unknown), the pupils of Irvine House School in Derby had “ …  much enjoyed a topographical lantern lecture, and two lectures delivered in French by Madame Guérin.   …”  (Derby Daily Telegraph, 08 May 1914) 

1914, 12 Jan:   Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Common Hall of Victoria College, Belfast – on Marie Antoinette.

1914, 14 Jan:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at The Lodge, Fortwilliam Park, at 1 p.m. in the afternoon.   The subject was advertised as “Episode Dramatique de la Grande Revolution” – concentrating on Marie Antoinette.

1914, 14 Jan:       Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture at the Municipal Technical Institute in Belfast.  The subject was Napoleon Bonaparte and was entitled “Les Légendes de l’Aigle Napoléon”.

1914, 03 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave second lecture at the Bede Collegiate Schools in Sunderland.  Attired as Josephine Bonaparte, Madame’s lecture subject appears to have covered Napoleon, the French Revolution etc.   At the end of lecture it was stated that Anna was “now going to America”.

1914, 23 Mar:     Anna Guérin gave a lecture at the Maynard School, Exeter – on Marie Antoinette.  The lecture addressed Marie Antoinette’s youth; arrival in France; “her gaieties and escapades”; and the “grim tragedy of the Revolution”.    “She had, she observed, given French lectures in some 640 schools ….”   (used the pseudonym of “Sarah Granier”.  Throughout England, Madame was often proclaimed “the Sarah Bernhardt of the lecture platform” (Sarah Berndhart was a French stage and early film actress).   “Granier” was Madame’s mother’s maiden surname.

1914, 28 Jun:      In Sarajevo, Archduke Ferdinand (heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne) was assassinated.

1914, 02 Aug:     Germany invaded France.

1914, 04 Aug:     Britain declared war on Germany.    Empire countries enter the war with Britain.   At the time, Madame’s Judge/Lawyer/Advocate husband Eugéne was said to be an “Attaché at the World Fair of Lyon” after having just “returned from an official mission to the Congo”.

1914, 03 Oct:      ANNA LEFT LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND on ‘Lusitania’ – bound for New York, U.S.A.

1914, 09 Oct:      ANNA ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  The ship’s Passenger List gave details:  “Lady Lecturer”; Nearest Relative:  E. Guerin, 33 rue Franklin, Lyon, France.    This was Madame’s first sailing across the Atlantic.   Her daughters were still at boarding school, “under the supervision of her aged mother.”  Anna was going to destination: St. Regis Hotel, New York City.  She began speaking under the auspices of the Alliance Français but for the benefit of the Red Cross.  Anna crossed the Atlantic 9 (nine) times between the British declaration of war and the Treaty of Versailles.

DURING THIS FIRST “TOUR OF DUTY” … it’s estimated that Madame Guérin travelled at least 1130 miles.

1914, 28 Oct:  Madame Guérin arrived in Washington DC, from New York.  She stayed at the Hotel Powhatan whilst in the city.  No review has been discovered for any lecture she gave.

1914, 23 Nov:     Madame Guérin was in Wilmington, Delaware.  She gave a lecture at the Misses Hebb’s School for Girls.  It was at a meeting of the Alliance Française, held at 3.30 p.m.   Her subject covered the lives of Charlotte Corday, Marie Antoinette and Madame Roland.   Madame Guérin donated half the proceeds of her lecture to wives and children suffering in France whilst their men had left for war.  This could have been Madame Guérin’s first lecture, after arriving in the U.S.A.

1914, 01 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture in French at Rumford Hall, 50 East Forty-first street, New York City at 8.15 p.m.   This was an important lecture, jointly organised by New York’s Museum of French Art and its ‘Joan of Arc Statue Committee’.   It was a fund-raising event for the Committee.

1914, 06 Dec:  Madame E. Guérin (Sarah Granier)” gave a lecture at the Waldorf Hotel in New York.  During that afternoon, Madame Guérin gave a costume recital on the life and times of Marie Antoinette.  It was given “for the benefit of the families of the fishermen of Brittany, who are in great distress on account of the war.” … “on more than one occasion moved her auditors to tears.”

1914, 07 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Waldorf Hotel in New York.  During that afternoon, Madame Guérin “appeared” as Jeanne d’Arc.  During the evening, she gave a lecture on Marie Antoinette at the Glen Eden School for Girls, at Poughkcepsie, New York State.

1914, 08 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at a “prominent girls school at Ossining” in New York State.  Perhaps it was the private ‘Girls High School’?

1914, 14 Dec:     The New York Tribune printed a large feature article about Anna.  It was an article entitled “The Women Of France Have Always Been Feminists” and appears to have been written after a critic had attended a lecture about Jeanne d’Arc, given by Anna.   The article may have been reviewing one or other of the lectures given on 01 or 07 December 1914 – it does not give the venue.

1914/15:              It is reported that Eugène Guérin enlisted soon after World War One broke out.   At the beginning, he was an interpreter at ‘Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine’ à Saint-Rambert-sur-Loire, which opened in 1914.

1915, 21 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Montclair, New Jersey.  She presented a “dramatic evening” impersonating Marie Antoinette, at Lauter’s Concert Hall, No. 593 Broad street. 

1915, 3? Feb:      During February, week-ending Sat., 6 February, Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the College of St. Elizabeth, in Morristown, New Jersey – on Marie Antoinette and the Court of Louis XV.

1915, 05 Feb:      Splinters Rogers Hall School, Lowell, Massachusetts – lecture on Marie Antoinette.

1915, 08 Feb:      Madame Guérin lectured at the Boston High School, as Marie Antionette. The Boston Daily Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on this date reported on it.

1915, 10 Mar:     Madame Guérin lectured at the Livermore Hall, Quincy Mansion School, Quincy, Massachusetts – on Marie Antoinette.

1915, 12 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Abbot Academy in Andover, Massachusetts.  ‘Impersonation of Marie Antoinette’.

1915, 22 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture (under the auspices of the ‘Alliance Francaise’ for the benefit of the Red Cross) at the Hotel Stratfield in Bridgeport, Connecticut.  

1915 Spring:       ‘The Fatherless Children of France’ was reportedly organized in Paris.  Madame Anna Guérin fundraised for the fatherless children of France – she was not an official representative of ‘The Fatherless Children of France’ organisation.

1915, 13 April:   Madame Guérin lectured at the Catherine Strong Hall, NY.  On 11 April 1915, The Democrat and Chronicle of Rochester, New York (11 April) informed its readers ahead of the event.

1915, May (?):   Madame Guérin lectured at Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Penns. “before she returned to France”-  for the benefit of French widows and orphans.

1915, 03 May:    Canadian Major John McCrae M.D. wrote the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’.   Jack (John H. Ballinger: Regional Councillor for Uxbridge, Ontario, Canada) knew Cy (Cyril) Allinson; he used to sit at the ‘Bullshit Table’ at the (Uxbridge) Legion and tell the poem story.  At the time Jack thought it was like most of the stories the table was named for, but later realized it was true.  When McCrae threw the poem away, it was Cy who retrieved it and gave it to his commanding officer.  So without Cy, the poem would have been lost!

1915, May:          Madame Guérin “lectured in the USA from October to May, being in France from May to October helping the people of her districtWeek after week she lived near the trenches, in order, she says, to renew her courage at the real source – by the unquenchable courage of the poilus” (The Port Arthur News Chronicle edition of 05 July 1921)

AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… 

1915, Sept:          Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK with her daughter Raymonde on an unknown date.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it’s estimated that Madame Guérin travelled at least 5000 miles.

1915, 30 Sept:    Anna’s daughter Renée arrived in New York – to join her, and assist in some lectures.   Renée arrived on S.S. Espagne, from Bordeaux – heading to her mother at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel.

1915, 24 Oct:      Madame Guerin gave a lecture at Mount Saint Mary’s College, in Watchung, New Jersey on Joan of Arc/Jeanne d’Arc.

1915, 27 Oct:      It is reported in the press that Madame Guérin would visit the Boys’ High School in Hartford (Connecticut) “in the near future”, to “present a character part from some French play”.

1915, 01 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at an Alliance Française meeting, held at the Misses Hebb’s school in Wilmington, Delaware.   She spoke on “The Salon of Madame de Rambouillet and the Court of Louis XIV.   She wore a reproduction of a costume of Mlle. de la Valleri.

1915, 06 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave lecture at Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania – on Marie Antoinette. ‘The Bryn Mawr Alumnae Quarterly’ (published by Bryn Mawr College) reviewed.

1915, 12 Nov:     Madame E. Guérin gave an “illustrated lecture” on Jeanne d’Arc in Washington DC.

1915, 15 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave a “Conference, Artistique”  – it was entitled “Le Salon de Mme. de Rambouillet la cour de Louis XIV” at Bridgeport, Conn.   Bridgeport evening farmer, Oct 30, 1915

1915, 18 Nov:     Madame Guérin appeared in Wilmington, Delaware: “for the first time on the Atlantic coast to speak on her visit to liberated France. … It is of the children of this country the noted French woman will speak to the New-Century Club members … …”

1915, 19 Nov:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Mass.  It was another “Le Salon de Mme. de Rambouillet la cour de Louis XIV”.  It included an impersonation of Mme. de Sevigné and a show of lantern slides.

1915, 01 Dec:  In the evening, Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Quincy Mansion School.

1915, 03 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave another lecture at Abbot Academy in Andover, Mass.  “Mlle. Raymonde” was with her.  “… a Phillips youth was heard to say that she spoke so entertainingly that he hardly glanced at the fair Abbot girls, whom he at first intended to watch.”

1915, 06 Dec:      Madame Guérin lectured at the Rogers Hall School in Lowell, Mass. again. It was a lecture on Jeanne d’Arc.

1915, 08 Dec:      Physician Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae (from Guelph, Ontario) wrote the now-famous war poem called ‘In Flanders Fields on 03 May 1915, whilst serving with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Belgium.    McCrae was not really happy with his work and he threw it away.  However, Canadian comrade  Cy(ril) Allinson retrieved it & handed it to an officer.    This officer, in turn, sent it off to England.  ‘The Spectator’ rejected it but ‘Punch’ published on 08 December 1915.

1916, 07 Jan:       Madame Guérin lectured in the assembly hall of the Broad Street building at Hartford, Connecticut, in the evening. It was a lecture on Jeanne d’Arc and members of French classes were invited to attend.

1916, 25 Jan:       The Ogden Standard, Utah reported on the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ society (‘Orphelinat des Armées’).  “One hundred years ago France came to the assistance of the young American Republic; today the Republic of France calls on America through the voice of each of her sons dying in the cause of freedom: “I give my life.  Will you help my little ones?”

1916, 27 Jan:       Madame Anna Guérin’s first husband, Paul Rabanit, died at Tamatave, Madagascar – it was noted that “whilst alive” he was a “prospector at Ampitabe (Mahanoro)” in Madagascar.

1916, 03 Feb:      Madame Guérin lectured at the ‘Normal School’, Oshkosh, Wisconsin – on Marie Antoinette.  The capacity of the auditorium was to its limits.

1916, 09 Feb:  Madame Guérin was in St. Louis, Missouri. She was there to give one of her Marie Antoinette lectures at Lenox Hall.  It was promoted as a “unique entertainment”.

1916, 10 Feb:      Madame Guérin lectured at the University of Illinois, Chicago.

1916, 11 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived to lecture at University Auditorium, Columbia, South Carolina.   The lecture was about the three heroines of the French Revolution.  Mention of a daughter assisting – must be Renée.

1916, 16 Feb: Madame Guérin was in Lawrence, Kansas.  She gave an impersonation of Joan of Arc at 4.30 p.m., at the Fraser Chapel, University of Kansas.  She was assisted by daughter Renée.

1916, 17 Feb: Madame Guérin was still in Lawrence, Kansas.  She gave a lecture about Jeanne d’Arc at the French Club and, again, at Fraser Hall Chapel, University of Kansas, at 4.30 p.m.  At 8 p.m., she gave a lecture (“dramatic reading”) at the University’s Morrow Hall (under the auspices of the Alliance Française), on the French Revolution heroines: Marie Antoinette; Charlotte Corday; and Madame Roland.  She had been entertained to a dinner beforehand.

1916, 01 Mar:    Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Pennsylvania College for Women in Pittsburgh, with Marie Antoinette … with a daughter.

1916, 02 Mar:     Madame Guérin lectured in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Profits went to the ‘Orphelins de la Guerre’.  Mention of a daughter acting as a page.  (Pittsburgh Daily Post, 27 Feb).

1916, 03 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

1916, 06 Apr:    Madame Guérin gave a lecture in Greensboro, North Carolina.  That night, she left for New York.

1916, 11 April:   Madame Guérin was in Montclair, New Jersey.  She spoke “in French upon the Salon of Mme. de Rambouillet and the Court of Louis XIV”, at the Unity Church – at 8.15p.m.

1916, 12 April:   Madame Guérin was still in Montclair, New Jersey.  In the afternoon, she gave a lecture on the life of Marie Antoinette to the High School students.

AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE ……

1916, 26 Sep:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK FROM BORDEAUX, on ship ‘Rochambeau’.   Lecturer.  With her 16 yr old daughter Raymonde Rabinit. Going to stay at Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York.   Nearest relative:   “husband. Guerin.  Interpreter  Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine à Saint-Rambert(-sur-Loire) – a Camp for German POW’s, mostly from Alsace/Lorraine.  Husband Eugéne Guérin was born in Guebwiller, Alsace = ideal French citizen for interpreter.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it’s estimated that Madame Guérin travelled at least 7600 miles.

1916, 27 Oct:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at St. Mary’s Academy, a boarding and day convent school, in Windsor, ONTARIO, CANADA.  She was accompanied by daughter Raymonde.

1916, Oct:            Eugéne Guérin commenced duties for France in Africa.  Up until then, he had been an interpreter at the Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine à Saint-Rambert.   By 26 June 1918, he had “… been twenty months in the center of Africa, settling German business for the French government”.

1916, 04 Dec:      Madame Guérin lectured in Pittsburg again.  ‘The Sorosis’ publication of the Pennsylvania College for Women Sorosis Pennsylvania College for Women – lecture on Jeanne d’Arc.  Mention of a daughter assisting.

1916, 9 Dec:        Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture on Jeanne d’Arc at Miss Cowles’ School, Highland Hall, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania.

1916, 11 Dec:      Madame Guérin was in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.  She gave her usual impersonation of Marie Antoinette, in Wilson College’s Thomson Hall.  At the lecture’s end, she described conditions in France – there was probably a chance for the audience to make voluntary contributions, for the benefit of French widows and orphans.

1917 & 1918:      Madame Guérin was on a New York list of speakers:  Annual Catalogue & Circular of The Elmira College, New York. 

1917: ’18;’19:      Madame Guérin was found on the list of “Principal Speakers Who Made Addresses in Missouri Under the Direction of the Patriotic Speakers’ Bureau, State Council of Defense  1917. 1918. 1919”.

1917, 24 Jan:      Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture in the concert hall of the St. Cecilia Academy in Nashville, Tennessee.

1917, 29 Jan:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Institute in Columbia, Tennessee.  Her lecture was about Marie Antoinette.

1917, 12?Feb:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Sophie Newcombe College in New Orleans, Louisiana.

1917, 14 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in Birmingham, Alabama.  She gave a lecture about Joan of Arc, at the Margaret Allen school.

1917, 16 Feb:      Madame E. Guérin gave a lecture in Decatur, Atlanta, Georgia.   

1917, 19 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Saint Genevieve’s College in Asheville, North Carolina.  The day before, an advertisement appeared in the Asheville Citizen – mentioning her two medals  and daughter “Mlle Raymonde Guerin”.   The ‘Asheville Citizen’ reviewed the lecture.

1917, 20 Feb:  Mme. Guérin (along with Raymonde) gave a lecture at the Columbia University Chapel, South Carolina – for the Cercle Francais.  On the subject of ‘Marie Antoinette’.

1917, 23 Mar:    Madame Guérin gave her “third and last lecture” (in and around Boston?) at the High School in Boston, Massachusetts – on “Louis XIV”.   Dates for first and second not known, for certain.

1917, 06 Apr:      USA declared war with Germany.  

1917, 12 Apr:      Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture about Marie Antoinette – at the Elmira College chapel, Elmira, New York.

1917, 21 Apr:      Madame Guérin gave a French lecture on “Marie Antoinette” in the St. Cecilia auditorium at the Immaculate Conception academy of Davenport in Iowa: at 3 p.m. She was assisted by eldest daughter Raymonde – who impersonated the Shepherd of Kraun and, also, Princess Lamballe, the close personal friend of the French queen.

1917, 23 Apr:      Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture in the concert hall of the St. Cecilia Academy, in Nashville, Tennessee.  The Academy was (and still is) a private Roman Catholic girls school.

1917, 24 Apr:      Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture at the St. Cecilia Academy in Dayton, Ohio. Her lecture was on Marie Antoinette.

AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… it was probably immediately after the 24 April 1917 lecture that Madame Guérin headed for New York with daughter Raymonde, to sail to Bordeaux on the ship Rochambeau.   Before the First World War, the Rochambeau’s route was Le Havre – New York – Le Havre but, between 1915 and 1918, its route became Bordeaux – New York – Bordeaux.   … and …

On 30 April 1917, the ship Rochambeau was involved in a torpedo incident 15 miles SW off La Coubre, which is situated at the mouth of the River Gironde. The ship was approx. 80 miles from the port of Bordeaux, on the Gironde.  On board gunners averted the torpedo by skilful manoeuvres.  Madame Guérin mentioned the incident on her return tour to the U.S.A. – “… returning [to France] from the last trip accompanied by Raymonde her ship, the Rochambeau, came near being torpedoed at a submarine infested entrance of a river where two hours later a big passenger boat was sunk and 100 people were drowned.”

1917, 14 Jul:    France’s Bastille Day. The ‘Food for France’ charity was started on this day, in New York.  Madame Guérin would raise funds by lecturing for it, possibly from mid-1918.

1917, 25 Oct:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK from Bordeaux, France – on ship ‘La Touraine’.   Lecturer.  Last Permanent Address:  Vallon.   Nearest Relative: Mother: Mrs. Auguste Boulle, Vallon, Ardeche, France.  She was joining her sister! ”Martha Boulle”, Washington Hotel, NY City – this must have been Juliette.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it is estimated that Madame Anna Guérin travelled at least 8800 miles … Anna did not return to France until Nov. 1918 = 12 months of touring and campaigning in the United States of America!  However, August may have been lecture-free.

1917, Nov:           In France, the Committee of the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ was re-organised under the title of ‘Fraternite Franco-Americaine’.    Marshall Joffre became President.

1917, Dec:           First Bulletin from the ‘Fraternite Franco-Americaine’ Paris office.

1917, 07 Dec:      USA declared war with Austria-Hungary.

1917, 11 Dec:      Madame Guérin was in Montclair, New Jersey.  She was “the chief speaker” at the Unity church – her topic was “La France Immortelle”.   French veteran Robert Oliveau  (aka Robert Arbour) also spoke.

1918:                     Madame Guérin was fundraising for Victory Loan/Red Cross/French charities.

1918, 21 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in New Orleans, with Frenchman Robert Oliveau (Arbour).   They gave an evening lecture at the Grunewald Hotel Convention Hall, New Orleans.

1918, 24 Jan:       Evening: Madame Guérin spoke at the New Orleans Athenaeum.

1918, 31 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Natchez, Mississippi – accompanied by Frenchman Robert Oliveau (Arbour).  At 11 a.m., they spoke at the Red Cross headquarters; at 1 p.m., they spoke at the Baker Grand Theatre; and, in the evening, they spoke at the Cathedral Hall – for the benefit of French soldiers (Class 2) – soldiers who had been invalided out of the French army; who were incapacitated for work; but who were not eligible for pensions.

1918, Feb:       One day in February 1918 (?week commencing 3rd?), Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour gave lectures at Y. M. C. A., Camp Shelby, at 50 cents each for the benefit of the French wounded.

1918, 08 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in Vicksburg, Mississippi.  She was accompanied by Robert Oliveau (Arbour).   They both gave lectures in the afternoon (3 p.m.) at the Bijou Dream Theatre, Vicksburg, Mississippi, for the benefit of French soldiers (Class 2) – soldiers who had been invalided out of the French army; who were incapacitated for work; but who were not eligible for pensions.

1918, 09 Feb:      Still in Vicksburg, Madame Guérin addressed school children at the Carnegie Library, at 11 a.m.  At 8 p.m. Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour both spoke at the Carnegie Library.  They had planned to speak the evening before (8th Feb) at the Bijou Dream Theatre but, out of courtesy to Sergt. Verne Marshall (who was to speak the same evening at the Walnut Street Theatre) they had changed their plans.

1918, 10 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour arrived in Shreveport, Louisiana.  That evening, they spoke at the City Hall auditorium, for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions (Class 2). 

1918, 11 Feb:  Still in Shreveport, Madame Guérin visited several schools in the morning, to offer invitations to attend talks given by her and French Adjutant Robert Oliveau (Arbour) – one being the State Normal School.   Madame also gave an informal talk at the Elks Home, Shreveport to lady bridge players of the Shreveport Chapter, Red Cross – ahead of their game session. In the afternoon, Madame Guerin visited St. Mary’s Convent and St. Vincent’s Academy “to extend her invitation [to her forthcoming lectures] and to delight the gracious sisters with her talk to them in the native tongue of the majority”.

1918, 12 Feb:  3.30 p.m. Madame Guérin gave a special matinee lecture to school children and their mothers etc, in the Shreveport City Hall.  8 p.m:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture in French under auspices of the French Mutual Aid and Benevolent Society of Shreveport at City Hall Auditorium, Shreveport.

The next afternoon (13 Feb.), at 904 Elmwood avenue, Shreveport, all the proceeds from Mrs. J. H. Breffeilh’s rook and bridge afternoon were to be donated to Madame Guérin for “the benefit of the French soldiers of the second class, wounded and incapable but not of the pension class”.

A few days later, The Times (Shreveport) announced that “telegrams and a long distance message” had been received from Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour, extending their thanks to everyone.

1918, 14 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in Alexandria, Louisiana.  At 3 p.m., Madame Guérin spoke to the ladies of the Rapides Chapter American Red Cross headquarters in Alexandria, Louisiana “in the interests of the wounded and helpless soldiers of France”.

1918, 15 Feb:      8 p.m:   Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour both spoke at the City Hall in Alexandria, Louisiana.

1918, 16 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture to French students at the Kansas University in Lawrence: at 4.30 p.m.  This may have been a personal arrangement, as fundraising for wounded French soldiers was not mentioned.  The subject of her lecture was “Jean d’Arc”.

1918, 17 Feb:       17th-18th: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour may have lectured in Dallas, Texas.

1918, 19 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in San Antonio, Texas.  She was accompanied by Robert Arbour, Adjutant of French 9th Regiment Tirailleurs.  Anna Guérin, together with Adjutant Arbour, gave a lecture at the College of Our Lady of the Lake.   They were in Texas to fundraise on behalf of the ‘French Invalids Class 2’ and fundraising for the US Loan Scheme.

1918, 20 Feb: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour spoke in Natchitoches, Louisiana, and then went on to Houston, Texas.

1918, 20 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in Houston, Texas.  She was sent by the French government.  Anna Guérin gave a series of five fund-raising lectures in Houston, Texas.  She was accompanied by Robert Arbour.   Anna’s sister Juliette Boulle was also present, assisting.  The stay in Houston was 20-24 February, inclusive.

1918, 21 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour lectures in the ball room of the Rice Hotel, Houston – at 8p.m.

1918, 24 Feb:     Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour lectures at 8 0.m. at the banquet hall of Houston’s auditorium – for the benefit of invalid French soldiers.

1918, 24 Feb:      Joseph T. Buddecke, the representative of Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour, arrived in Austin, Texas, to arrange the lectures that they would give in the city on 26 & 27 February.

1918, 26 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were in Austin, Texas. They gave the first of a series of lectures at the Driskill Hotel at 8 p.m. – “for the benefit of French wounded and disabled soldiers of Class 2”.

1918, 27 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were still in Austin. They gave a lecture at the Eighth Street Fire Hall at 8.15 p.m. – to “benefit of French wounded and disabled soldiers of Class 2”.

1918, 7 Mar:      Madame Guérin was in Marshall, Texas. An informal reception was given for her, at the Hotel Marshall at between 4 and 5p.m.  She met “the ladies of the city” (Club women).   In the evening, she gave a lecture at the City Hall.

1918, 8 Mar:       Madame Guérin and Adjutant Arbour lectured at Texarkana City Hall in Texas.

1918, 9 Mar:       Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour arrived in Marshall, Texas.  In the evening, the pair both spoke at the City Hall for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions.

1918, 10 Mar:     Adjutant Robert Arbour addressed 2,000 people in Hot Springs, Arkansas.  Madame Guérin remained in Marshall, where she was “presented” to cub women, in the afternoon, and where she gave an evening lecture in behalf of wounded soldiers at city hall.

1918, 12 Mar:     Madame Guérin had arrived in Little Rock, Arkansas.  She gave an interview with the Daily Arkansas Gazette.  Adjutant Arbour accompanied her. 

1918, 13 Mar:     Anna Guérin spoke at Little Rock City Hall, with Adjt. Robert Arbour, in the evening.

1918, 14 Mar:     Anna Guérin spoke in Little Rock’s Hotel Marion Auditorium, in the evening.

1918, 14 Mar:     Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were in Little Rock, Arkansas.  They gave addresses at the Hotel Marion auditorium, in the evening – for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions.

1918, 15 Mar:     Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour spoke at Pine Bluff, Arkansas.

1918, 25 Mar:     Madame Guérin arrived in Muskogee, Oklahoma (Muskogee Times-Democrat 25.3.18).

1918, 27 Mar:     Madame Guérin made a fundraising speech in Muskogee, with Adjutant Arbour, at the Severs Hotel.

1918, 28 Mar:    Lieut. Robert Arbour-Oliveau was in Kosciusko, Mississippi to give a lecture in behalf of the French war invalids.

1918, 02 Apr:    Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour addressed an audience at the Convention Hall in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in behalf of French invalid soldiers. In the audience was the former President of the United States, William H. Taft, who also spoke on “America’s case against Germany”.

1918, 04 Apr:    Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour gave lectures at the High School, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Arbour said “Confidence in your president is the keynote to victory.  You are either with your president or you are against your flag”.  Anna Guérin gave a “pathetic description of the wasted condition of the French land”.

1918, 05 Apr:     Poppy Drive by women in New York.  “The poppy drive in Wall Street yesterday afternoon, when women sold poppies – artificial – to plethoric brokers netted $2,000.” NY Tribune 06.4.1918 & The Sun.

1918, 08 Apr:     Adjutant Robert Arbour/Oliveau gave a free lecture at Central High School auditorium in Tulsa, Oklahoma. This may have been his last lecture of the tour. He made a home in Tulsa for a while and invested in an oil business, both before the end of the War.

1918, May:      Madame Guérin spent “a few weeks” in “Kansas City and other parts of Missouri”.  N.B. Kansas City was partly in Missouri and partly in Kansas.

1918, 06 May:  Madame Guérin gave a “conference”, in French, at Les Dames de Sion Academy’s Auditorium, at 36th Street and Warwick Boulevard, Kansas City, Missouri. [Notre Dame de Sion School, Roman Catholic]  

1918, 08 May: Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture, in English, at the Little Theater, Kansas City, Missouri – it was entitled “Boche maligned the French”.

1918, 20 May: The second Kansas Red Cross Drive was officially held between 20 & 27 May 1918 – although it appears to have embodied a few days either side of that period too.  “This drive set a goal of collecting $100,000,000. They exceeded the goal by 70%.”  The first Red Cross Drive appears to have taken place during December 1917.

1918, 01 Jun:  Madame Guérin gave an evening Patriotic Address, at Broadmour Theater, 34th street and Broadway, Kansas City, Missouri.   Madame Guérin was in Kansas City to give speeches that week.  She was in Kansas City during the recent Red Cross drive.In one day during that drive she made nineteen speeches and raised $32,000 in territory that had already been canvassed.”  (The Leavenworth Times, Kansas 19 June 1918).  She wore “a simple tailor-made suit, modelled after the French soldiers’ uniform and a hat of the same material.”  (The Kansas City Kansan 6 June 1918)

1918, 02 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Second Presbyterian Church, Fifty-fifth and Oak streets, Kansas City, Missouri, at 8:15 o’clock in the evening.

1918, 03 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Northeast High School, Kansas City, Missouri, at 8:15 o’clock in the evening.

1918, 04 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Westport High School, Kansas City, Missouri, in the evening.

1918, 05 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Westminster Congregational Church, Kansas City, Missouri, in the evening.

1918, 06 Jun: Madame Guérin gave a speech at a union meeting of Club women, at 3 o’clock in the afternoon, at the High School Auditorium (Ninth Street and Minnesota Avenue), Kansas City, Kansas.  “A record of having addressed 700 American audiences since October” was quoted plus “more than 2000 addresses on the war”.

1918, 06 Jun:  Madame Guérin lectured at an Italian mass meeting for the benefit of wounded and orphaned Italians, at 8.15 p.m. in the evening – at Kansas City, Missouri.

1918, 06 Jun:  New York’s ‘Evening World’ reported that American soldiers decorated their steel helmets with poppies from the fields”, before going into battle at Veuilly-la-Poterie, France.  Other national newspapers followed with the news.

1918, 07 Jun:  Madame Guérin lectured in Kansas City, Kansas.  At 7p.m., she spoke to members of the Salesmanship Club, at the Kansas City Athletic Club in Kansas, Missouri.  The subject was “Inside Dope on Germany”, which included some of her personal experiences.

1918, 08 Jun:  Madame Guérin Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Central High School, Kansas City, Missouri, at 8.15 p.m.  Lecture was accompanied by slides.

1918, 09 Jun:  Madame Guérin addressed a “farewell meeting”, at the Grand Avenue Temple, Kansas City, Missouri.  Slides were shown.

1918, 10 Jun:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Linwood Boulevard Christian Church, Kansas City, Missouri.   Lecture was accompanied by slides.

1918, 10 Jun:  Monday: Madame Guérin addressed a farewell meeting at Linwood Boulevard Christian Church, before leaving for St. Joseph, Missouri.

1918, 10 Jun:      Major Joseph Theodore Buddecks, representing Madame Guérin, was in Topeka, Kansas making plans prior to her visit to Topeka on 24 June.    

1918, 11 Jun:      Major Joseph Theodore Buddecke was in Wichita, Kansas – making arrangements for Madame’s return visit to lecture on June 26 & 27.  Major Buddecke “of New York” (formerly of New Orleans); Publisher; Publicity Director of ‘Society Talk’; and on Governor’s staff of Louisiana. 

1918, 14 Jun:      Flag Day in the U.S.A.  Madam E. Guérin spoke at a patriotic meeting at the Tabernacle, on West Eleventh street, Baxter Strings, Kansas, at 8 p.m.  She told chiefly of conditions among the French people during the War.   No admission fee.   After speaking, she was treated to a reception given in her honour by Mrs. John Griffard.

1918, 17 Jun:      Madame Guérin was in Neosho, Missouri, to give a speech re orphans at the High School, Monday evening.  No charges for speeches.  She was lecturing for French widows and orphans under “the sanction/direction of the French government”, through the American Red Cross Society.

1918, 18 Jun:      Madame Guérin gave a speech in Emporia, Kansas.  Insight into Anna’s magnetism can be gleaned from a long review of it in The Emporia Weekly Gazette on 20 June 1918.

1918, 19 Jun:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Congregational church in Aurora, Missouri.  In the evening, she spoke to the High School Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri, under the auspices of the Chamber of Commerce.

1918, 21 Jun:      Madame Guérin spoke in Leavenworth, Kansas.  The Commercial Club bore the cost of Anna’s expenses.

1918, 22 Jun:      Madame Guérin was in St. Joseph, Missouri, “in the interest of war work”.

1918, 23 Jun:      Madame Guérin spent part of the day in St. Joseph and then travelled to Emporia, Kansas – to speak at the Albert Taylor Hall at 8 p.m.

1918, 24 Jun:      On 24/25, Madame Guérin was due to be in Topeka, Kansas but a misunderstanding about her official standing meant that the original plans were cancelled.  She was representing Red Cross but she was also believed to be representing the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ organisation but, in fact, she was speaking on behalf of fatherless children of France.

Plans for Madame Guérin to speak in Wichita, Kansas on 26/27 were also threatened but Madame Guérin went to Wichita on 24 and lectures were arranged for 27th – once the misunderstanding was resolved.

1918, 26 Jun:      Madame E. Guérin spoke to the Lincoln Commercial Club at noon instead.

1918, 27 Jun:      Madame Guérin spoke at 10 a.m. at Wichita City Library.  A luncheon was given for her at the Witchita club.  At 1 p.m., she spoke to the members of the Co-operative club at the Wichita Club and, at 3p.m., she spoke to the women of the Eastern Star Red Cross auxiliary at the Rorabaugh work rooms.

1918, 29 June:    Madame Guérin was in Hutchinson, Kansas.  In the morning, she gave an interview with a reporter of The Hutchinson News.  She spoke: to shoppers on the streets; from the balconies of the Rorabaugh-Willey, Curtis and Pegues-Wright stores for five minutes each; and at the movie theatres in the evening – on conditions in France and the French orphans.

1918, 30 June:    Madame Guérin spoke at the Hutchinson Convention Hall in the afternoon and the Royal Theatre in the evening.   All the money raised went direct to the American Red Cross in Washington D.C.

1918, 31 June:     Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture at the Auditorium in Topeka, Kansas.

1918, 01 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in Salina, Kansas for fundraising.  She spoke at a large meeting at the Claflin Hall and the First Methodist church.   Anna left on 02 July, heading for Nebraska.

1918, 02 Jul:       Madame Guérin arrived in Lincoln, Nebraska and spoke at St. Paul’s church, in the interests of “crippled soldiers and orphans of France”.  She spoke to 700-800 people. It is believed that Madame Guérin now made Nebraska her headquarters.   Sometimes staying with General John J. Pershing’s sisters.

1918, 03 Jul:        Madame Guérin made stirring appeals … 9.30a.m. lecture at the State University convocation and noon at Lincoln Commercial club.

1918, 06 Jul:          Madame Guérin and the Nebraska State Governor addressed the State House Thrift Society in Lincoln. Madame Guérin spoke in behalf of the French orphan fund. Advance notice of her arrival noted she would speak for the benefit of the “war orphans and injured soldiers of France”.

1918, 12 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in Omaha, Nebraska, to give a speech at Omaha Commercial Club.  A “tangle” occurred over creditials but this was soon sorted and new plans were arranged for other days.  She made Omaha her temporary headquarters for a while.

1918, 13 Jul:        This was the first day of a fund-raising drive in Omaha, Nebraska, which Madame Guérin had arranged.   It took place during the day and evening, for the benefit of French war orphans on the streets of Omaha.  Madame Guérin spoke and attracted large crowds. In the Drive, Madame Guérin spoke at the Sun; Strand; Rialto theatres; Hipp; Muse; and Empress theatres.  In total, $1000 was raised during the Drive, of that $79 was raised at South Side theaters during the evening.

1918, 14 Jul:        Madame Guérin was the principal speaker at a Red Cross Bastille Day event in Omaha, Nebraska.  She spoke at Miller Park, where the observance of the day began at 7.30 p.m.  and, at 8 p.m., at Elmwood Park.  Funds raised would benefit the Red Cross and French war orphans.

1918, 15 Jul:        Continuing the Bastille Day programme, Madame Guérin was the principal speaker at Hanscom park at 7.30 p.m.

1918, 16 Jul:        Continuing the Bastille Day programme, Madame Guérin was the speaker at Gifford park at 7.30 p.m.

1918, 17 Jul:        Madame Guérin gave a “stirring address”, at luncheon, to members of the Omaha Chamber of Commerce.

1918, 19 Jul:        Madame Guérin spoke at the Stock Exchange building, on the ‘South Side’ of Omaha, Nebraska.  Madame Guérin “stirred the hearts of the stockmen as no other speaker had done”; “tears stood in the eyes of many a veteran”; “small buttons, bearing the American and French flags, and the inscription, “united in Liberty’s cause. ”” were exchanged for donations of money, to benefit the Red Cross and French war orphans.

1918, 20 Jul:        Madame Guérin gave an address at a public mass meeting at the Brandeis theatre in Omaha, at 8.15 p.m.

1918, 23 Jul:        Madame Guérin spoke to 400 people at the High School Auditorium in Fremont, Nebraska … about the French war orphans.  $150 was donated.

1918, 24 Jul:        Madame Guérin was taken ill in Omaha, Nebraska.   Some engagements had to be cancelled, one being Beatrice in Nebraska.

1918, 25 Jul:        Madame Guérin’s itinerary was to speak in Beatrice, Nebraska, in the evening – describing conditions in France and Belguim.  This had to be cancelled because she was ill.

1918, 01 Aug:     Update to Wichita visit: “The Scouts have sold $8,964.25 worth of War Saving stamps in the past five weeks and rendered great service in the collection of Red Cross funds at various theatres after addresses delivered by Mme. Guerin.”  

1918, 22 Aug:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Opera House, in Cedar Bluffs, Nebraska – a collection raised $100 “for the relief of her people”.

1918, 30 Aug: Madame Guérin was in Alma, Nebraska.  She gave an “intensely interesting” lecture on the War conditions in France, at 8.30 p.m. to “a packed house” at the Methodist Church.  She raised $55 for French widows and orphans.

1918, Sept:         Moїna Michael began volunteering for the Y.M.C.A. Overseas Secretaries in New York

1918, 02 Sept:    ?Madame Guérin may have arrived in Lincoln, Nebraska – a few days ahead of the State Fair.

1918, 04 Sept:    Madame Guérin spoke at a luncheon of four minute men at the Commercial club in Lincoln.

1918, 4/5/6 Sept: Madame Guérin and sister Juliette Boulle attended the Nebraska State Fair.  “The Red Cross, Food For France organisation, YM. & Y.W. War Fund and National League for Service are gathered together fraternally … Madame Anna Guérin, her sister and four local ladies “sold buttons at ten cents apiece before the food fund tent” (‘Food for France’) – this was one of the activities of the National League of Women’s Service (NLWS).  Anna and sister Juliette Boulle were staying in Lincoln with Miss Anna May Pershing – the sister of the famous US Army General John Joseph Pershing.

The word “buttons” refers to badges.  They probably are the same “buttons bearing the American and French flags” and the words “united in Liberty’s cause” that were made in, and distributed during the Omaha fund-raising drive.  When stocks needed to be replenished, they did come from Omaha. Soon after, newspapers refer to Anna selling “boutonnières” at her ‘Poppy Drives’. Soon after, newspaper reports refer to Anna selling “boutonnières” at her ‘Poppy Drives’.

Still at the Nebraska State Fair Ground, Madame Guérin spoke at the auditorium there at 2.30 p.m.

1918, 06 Sept:    Madame Guérin was the principal speaker at a mass meeting in the evening, at the city auditorium in Lincoln – it was connected to the ‘LaFayette and Battle of The Marne Day’ celebrations in the city and the American Defense Society.

1918, 11 Sept:  Madame Guérin may have spoken on this day at the Fillmore County Fair, Geneva, Nebraska – or on 13th.  Fair days were 11th, 12th and 13th:  “Mme. Guerin collected over $300 for the French food fund and gave a number of talks during the fair.” [The Fillmore Chronicle, 20 Sept. 1918].

1918, 12 Sept:  Madame Guérin addressed a large audience before the amphitheatre of the Central Nebraska Fair/Custer County Fair Grandstand, at Grand Island, Nebraska.  The large crowd listened “most attentively”.  She spoke in behalf of the ‘Food for France’ organisation, under the auspices of the American Red Cross and “buttons” were sold for orphans.  $530.95 was collected.

1918, 12 Sept:    The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) under General John J. Pershing launched their first major offensive in Europe as an independent army. 

1918, 13 Sept:  Madame Guérin may have spoken on this day at the Fillmore County Fair, Geneva, Nebraska – or on 11th. Fair days were 11th, 12th and 13th:  “Mme. Guerin collected over $300 for the French food fund and gave a number of talks during the fair.” [The Fillmore Chronicle, 20 Sept. 1918].

1918, 13 Sept:  This was Pershing Day – in honour of American General John Joseph Pershing’s birthday (1860).

1918, 16 Sept: Madame Guerin spoke in Aurora, Nebraska, for the ‘Food for France Fund’, around this date.

1918, 17 Sept: Tuesday. Madame Guérin was in Lincoln – to canvass for the Fourth Liberty loan campaign.  An informal reception was given for her, at the home of Mrs. W. I. Farley, in order “that the ladies interested in war work might meet Madame Guerin”.

At 8 p.m., she spoke in Aurora, Nebraska, on the Courthouse lawn/Courthouse Square, in behalf of the ‘Food for France’ organisation – “a work endorsed by the National Council of Defense”. At the end of the evening, a collection brought in $600.

1918, 19 Sept:   Madame Guérin spoke in the afternoon at Broken Bow, Nebraska, “in front of the amphitheatre”, at the County Fair Ground.

1918, 22 Sept:   Madame Guérin was meant to speak in Milligan, Nebraska, but spoke at Tabor Hall, in Dorchester, Nebraska, instead.  The Milligan date would be announced later. 

1918, 24 Sept:   Madame Guérin was in Peru, Nebraska, in the afternoon – giving a lecture in behalf of ‘Food for France’.   In the evening, she spoke at the High School, in Auburn, Nebraska.

1918, 25 Sept:    Madame Guérin was in Humboldt, Nebraska.  She gave a lecture at the M. E. Church (Food For France?), in the evening.  The Home Guards marched there to hear her.

1918, 27 Sept: Madame Guérin was in Pawnee City, Nebraska.  She gave a lecture at the High School, in the afternoon.  In the evening, she spoke at the Court House – there was no admission charge but there was a collection at the end of her lecture, which raised $800 and Pawnee City hoped that it would be increased to $1000 eventually.

1918, 28 Sept:  Saturday. The Fourth Liberty loan campaign began in Lincoln, Nebraska.  Madame Guérin was one of the “principal speakers”An itinerary has her speaking at Neligh, Nebraska, in the afternoon and Raymond, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (11 miles north-west of Lincoln, as the crow flies). 

1918, 29 Sept:  Sunday. Madame Guérin spoke at the Methodist Episcopal Church in Lincoln, at 8.30 p.m.

1918, 30 Sept:  Monday. An itinerary has Madame Guérin speaking at Panama, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (18 miles south-east of Lincoln, as the crow flies).           

1918, 02 Oct:  Wednesday. An itinerary has Madame Guérin speaking at Roca, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (14 miles south of Lincoln).     

1918, 03 Oct:  Thursday. Madame Guérin spoke at Prairie Home, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (10 miles north-east of Lincoln, as the crow flies). She may have also spoke at Denton and Emerald during the afternoon.

1918, 04 Oct:  Friday. Madame Guérin spoke to students at Cotner University, Lincoln, Nebraska (at the convocation hour/assembly) in the morning – about the desolation of France.  In the evening, she “addressed people of University Place at First Methodist church” – for Fourth Liberty Loan.

1918, 05 Oct:  Saturday. Madame Guérin spoke at Hickman at 3 p.m. &, at 8 p.m., she spoke at the Opera House in Firth – approx. 17 miles and 23 miles south of Lincoln, respectively.

1918, 06 Oct:  Sunday. Madame Guérin addressed an audience at Lincoln Auditorium in the afternoon. She also spoke at a Liberty loan meeting at 8 p.m., also at the Auditorium, and fellow lecturer Private Douglas was also present.

1918, 07 Oct:  Monday. A send-off parade took place through Lincoln and, no doubt, Anna Guérin would have watched or taken part.

1918, 11 Oct:  Madame Guérin spoke to the women of Plymouth – 50 miles SW of Lincoln.

1918, 12 Oct:  Madame Guérin spoke to men in shops and in the railroads at Havelock – approx. 5 miles NE of Lincoln.   In the evening, she spoke at the opera house at Beatrice, Nebraska, in the interest of the Liberty loan drive.

1918, 17 Oct:  Madame Guérin was in Ashland, Nebraska.  She gave a lecture at the Sears Opera House: “IS YOUR BOY IN FRANCE”“Do Not Fail to Hear the Noted French Woman”.

1918, 20 Oct:  This day’s New York Times:  article concerning the ‘flu epidemic and the Red Cross … Help being given.   Additionally, list of donations and donors printed:   Under ‘Food for France’ is “Mme. Guerin’s fund”.   $1,326 (In 2015: US$17,491 = CA$21398.47 & UK£11294.35).

1918, Oct:       Madame Guérin’s lecture tour was curtailed because of the Influenza Pandemic  – she set off to return to France.

1918, 07 Nov:  MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… Madame Guérin’s lecture tour had been curtailed because of lecture dates being cancelled due to the Influenza Pandemic.   She took with her over two big trunks full of letters and parcels from people in Nebraska – to deliver to their American soldier relatives serving in France.

1918, 09 Nov:    Date of Moina B. Michael’s epiphany in New York.

1918, 11 Nov:    The First World War Armistice was declared.   Madame Guérin was on board ship at the time the World War One Armistice was declared.

1918, 17 Nov:     Madame Guérin’s ship probably docked in Bordeaux, France.   She only had a few days back with her family, before being called to Paris (see below).

1918, Dec:           ‘La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amérique’ was created in Paris – affiliated to the French government.  Madame Guérin was to return to the U.S.A. to create an American branch – called the ‘American and French Children’s League’ but sometimes referred to as ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’ and the ‘Inter Allies Children League’.  The poppy was the organisation’s emblem.   The League was not linked to the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ charity.

1918, 04 Dec:      The 28th Conference (28th Y.M.C.A. training group of 1917/1918:  Tom Michael acknowledged) of YMCA Overseas Secretaries, Columbia University, New York City informed Moїna Michael that they had adopted the emblem of a poppy.

1918, 13 Dec:      Moїna Michael signed a contract with Lee Keedick (publicity agent) and Otho L. Ferris (Lawyer) – relating to her ‘Victory Emblem’ (Victory Torch and Poppy entwined).

1918, 13 Dec:      A letter of this date documents the fact that, when Madame Guérin had left Nebraska/USA for France in November, she had taken with her hundreds of packages to deliver to American soldiers.

1918, 26 Dec:      Moїna Michael applied for a US patent for her ‘Victory Emblem’ badge design (Victory Torch and Poppy entwined).

1919:                     Madame Guérin was one of only 42 “Principal Speakers” who appeared within the ‘Final Report of the Missouri Council of Defense 1919’. 

1919 Speaker:    Speaking/fundraising in USA for US Victory Loan and French orphans plus forming committees in each state for the ‘American and French Children’s League’.

1919, 06 Feb:     The Calvary Baptist Church, New York City adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.

1919, 11 Mar:     Moїna Michael was granted a US patent for her ‘Victory Emblem’.

1919, 16 Mar:     The American Legion was formed in Paris, France by the American Expeditionary Forces veterans  – the American Expeditionary Forces.

1919, 31 Mar:     Madame Guérin ARRIVED BACK IN THE U.S.A.: New York from Le Havre, on the ship ‘La Lorraine’.  “Professor”.  Last Permanent Address:  Vandeuvre, Calvados, France; Nearest Relative:  Mother:  Mrs. Auguste Boulle.  Vallon (Ardeche); Final Destination:  Sister Mlle Boulle, Lincoln, Nebraska.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it is estimated that Madame Anna Guérin travelled more than 21,000 miles … It is evident Anna did not return to France until November 1920 = 20 months of touring and campaigning in the United States of America!

1919, 08 Apr:  Madame Guérin spoke at the Fourth Presbyterian Church, 126 East Chestnut street, Chicago, in behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France.

1919, 09 Apr: The Home Economics Club, Hannibal, Missouri adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’ (Victory Torch and Poppy).

1919, 12 Apr:  Madame Guérin was in Chicago.  At 12.15 p.m., she gave a free French lecture about “A Pilgrimage in Northern France”, in Fullerton hall, Art institute. Following the lecture, luncheon was given for Mme Guerin at the Women’s Athletic club.  At 3.30 p.m., at a reception for the members of the Alliance Francaise (at 406 Fine Arts building), Madame Guérin spoke about “The Fraternity of Children of Different Nations.”

1919, 16 Apr:      Madame Guérin addressed a mass meeting at Shelbyville, Illinois: she was speaking for the Liberty Loan campaign.   She went off to Chicago at end of the day.

1919, 22 Apr:  At the College club in Chicago, Anna Guérin gave a lecture in the afternoon called “My Visit to the American Battle Front”.  In the evening, she  was honoured by a dinner in the evening, at the Skokie Country Club, followed by a lecture at Glencoe, which was 20 miles north-west of Chicago, along the coast of Lake Michigan.

1919, 24 Apr:  Madame Guérin was in Lancaster, Wisconsin – she was “giving a few weeks of her time to the Woman’s Victory Loan Committee”.  She spoke at the High School in the afternoon.  In the evening, she spoke at the Opera House – she was “the speaker of the evening”.   She “left behind a decidedly good impression”.

1919, 25 Apr:  Madame Guérin was in Platteville, Wisconsin.  She spoke at the auditorium in behalf of the Liberty Loan campaign.   She spoke to “two large audiences” whilst there.

1919, 29 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke at Hamilton, Iowa – at a big mass meeting for the Victory loan.

1919, 1 May:       Madame Guérin was in Muncie, Indiana – to speak under the auspices of the women’s division of the Victory Liberty Loan committee.  She was guest of honour at a dinner at the Hotel Delaware at 6 pm and, at 8.30 p.m., she spoke at a mass meeting “in the interest of the Victory Loan” – at the High School Auditorium.   After her talk, $87,400 Bond pledges were taken.     

1919, 06 May:    Madame Guérin lectured in Chicago – at a meeting of ‘Le Cercle Français’ being held  at 3 o’clock in the afternoon in the Fortnightly rooms, Fine Arts building, Chicago – on behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’.

1919, 13 May:    Madame Guérin lectured at the Oak Park club in Chicago – on behalf of “Fraternal League of the Children of France”.

1919, 05 Jun:      Madame Guérin lectured at Madison, Wisconsin – at the French House.

1919, 06 June:    Mrs. Mary Hanecy (Milwaukee, WI) “decorated a refreshment booth with poppies.  It was stripped twice of poppies by patriotic Americans, contributions left on the counter.  This was not a “Poppy Day”.   

1919, 14 Jun:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Chicago Yacht Club, at the annual luncheon of the Chicago Froebel association alumnae. It was in behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’.

1919, 16 JunMadame Guérin was in Belding, Michigan. She was making arrangements for a Tag Day there, on June 21.

1919, 22 June:    Madame Guérin was in Beatrice, Nebraska.  During that Sunday evening, she spoke in behalf of her Children’s League at the Christian church.  The ministerial association and the Y.W.C.A. had been responsible for arranging the lecture, with her agent Rev. Fink.

1919, 22 June:    The Inter-Allied Games took place at the newly built Stade Pershing in Paris … until 06 July – “Military Olympics”.  All Allied WW1 countries’ military services could participate.

1919, 28 June:    WW1 formally ended with the signing of the ‘Treaty of Versailles’.

1919, Summer:  Several patriotic organizations in Georgia adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.

1919, 17 July:     Madame Guérin arrived in Detroit, Michigan – to give speeches for the benefit of her Children’s League.   In the afternoon, she spoke at the Hotel Ponchartrain.  She was in the city to make arrangements for future engagements.

1919, 31 July:     Madame Guérin spoke in Duluth, Minnesota.  War fundraising – to Rotary Club men.

1919, 01 Aug:     Madame Guérin  was still at the Spalding Hotel, Duluth, Minnesota – holding several meetings, making last minute arrangements for a ‘Tag Day’ (Poppy Day?). 

1919, 02 Aug:     Madame Guérin’s Tag Day in Duluth, Minnesota. (was it a Poppy Day?)

1919, 26 Sept:    Madame Guérin  spoke at the Central High School, Duluth, Minn. – on behalf of the “Franco-American League”.

1919, 30 Sept:    Madame Guérin gave lectures at the public schools in Bemidji, Minnesota (which included the Normal school) – on behalf of the destitute children of France.  In evening, she spoke at a “Big Fraternal Meeting” – a meeting of fraternal delegates, held at Bemidji association rooms – “under the auspices of the Moose lodge”.  (Loyal Order of Moose was founded in 1888.  It is a fraternal and service organisation in the USA). 

1919, 01 Oct:      Madame Guérin was due to be an honoured guest at Bemidji Civic association meeting/luncheon but she was called away to Chicago.

1919, 03 Oct:      Madame Guérin dropped into McCurdy Hotel, Evansville, Indiana … wearing an “evil-looking gun strapped to her French uniform”: it was cuffs of her gloves not a gun!  

1919, 04 Oct:      Gave a lecture on “France” – at the Evansville Chamber of Commerce, to War Mothers and club women.                 

1919, Oct:            Madame Guérin had a meeting with Hartley Burr Alexander in his Lincoln, Nebraska home ?re the League. 

1919, 08 Oct:      Madame Guérin addressed Gold Star Mothers of Baltimore’s 1st convention (06-10 October).  These were women whose sons had been killed in France.  She read ‘In Flanders Fields’ and spoke of poppies as war heroes’ symbol and carrying out poppy days, which she asked the Gold Star Mothers to assist with. “…reading the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’, she proposed the idea of poppies being the “symbol befitting the heroes of the war”.   The proposal was accepted.  

1919, 22 Oct:      Madame Guérin attended the Advertising Club of Baltimore’s luncheon on the roof of the Emerson Hotel.    She was one of the speakers.

1919, 25 Oct:      “Poppy Day” in Baltimore (also called a “Tag Day”).   Anna Guérin had arranged for 10,000 silk poppies to be made in Baltimore.  “With a corps of American women and girls who have been to France and seen the need themselves, Madame Guérin will work under the supervision of several local patriotic societies.”  Baltimore Sun 23 Oct 1919.  On an unknown date, another Poppy Day was held in Rockville, Maryland.

1919, 27 Oct:     A three-act comedy, “La Belle Adventure”, was performed at Orchestra Hall, for the benefit of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’ (which maintained the House of Bidart).

1919, 4 Nov:     Madame Guérin delivered an address to the American-Franco Children’s League Maryland State committee meeting, at the Hotel Emerson, Baltimore.

1919, 11 Nov:     Madame Guérin had planned a second Poppy Tag Day in Baltimore, Maryland.  Heavy rain meant it had to be cancelled.

1919, 11 Nov: Following a visit from Madame Guérin, at the end of September, a Poppy Day took place in Bemidji, Minnesota.

1919, 15 Nov:     Madame Guérin held her second Poppy Tag Day in Baltimore, Maryland – with red, white and blue poppies.

1919, 18 Nov:      Madame Guérin was in Wilmington, Delaware.   She gave a lecture entitled “Her Visit Through Liberated France”, at the Washington Heights Century Club there.  Wilmington’s ‘Morning News’ had given notice of the lecture on 13 November.

1919, 02 Dec:      Madame Guérin was in Des Moines, to organise committee for her Fraternal League. She spent a week in Iowa, arranging engagements.

1919, 27 Dec:      Madame Guérin arrived in Sioux Falls, South Dakota – to form a committee for her charity ‘American and French Children’s League’.  In an interview, she talked about the devastated regions of France and her aim to hold a “Poppy Tag Day” everywhere in April 1920.

1919, 29 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Commercial Club in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in the afternoon – on behalf of the French orphans.

1920, 03 Jan:       Neither Anna or Juliette has been found in the US census.  In Lincoln, Nebraska it was taken on this day.

1920, 05 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Lincoln, Nebraska, to speak to a special meeting in the Temple theatre – for her Children’s League and, subsequent, Poppy Days.

1920, 07 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Lincoln, Nebraska.  She had meeting with Mrs. Anton Dredla of Crete, Nebraska, who was prominent in the state work of American and French Children’s league.  

1920, 19 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Lincoln – she “consented” to give a dramatic impersonation of Jeanne d’Arc at the First Christian/Presbyterian church.  Prof. Alice Howell assisted/interpreted.  After the impersonation, Madame Guérin discussed her Children’s League with Prof. F. M. Fling, who was on her Nebraska State Committee.

1920, 28 Jan:      Madame Guérin was in Cheyenne, Wyoming, addressing the last session of the Fifteenth Wyoming legislative.

1920, 11 Feb:      A benefit dance was held at the auditorium in Lincoln, Nebraska – to raise funds for Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League.

1920, 17 Feb:      A “Tri-Color Ball” was held at the Lincoln hotel in Lincoln, Nebraska – to raise funds for Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League.

1920, 09 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Pikes Peak College, Pikes Peak, Colorado Springs, Colorado – on behalf of the poor French children.

1920, 27 Mar:     A Poppy Day, benefitting the Children’s League, was held at Fort Collins, Colorado.  Delegates, Mme. Celeste Dixon and Mlle. Lucienne Fraper had visited to promote the League and organise the Poppy Drive.  The next day, to benefit the Children’s League quota, Mlle. Fraper (described as an accomplished singer) sang at the First Methodist Church in the morning and, in the evening, she sang at the First Presbyterian Church.

1920, 03 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Denver for “the first big” Poppy Day” for the ‘American and French Children’s League’.   The month of April ‘saw’ the fundraising for the League begin in earnest.

1920, 03 Apr:      Billings Gazette (Montana): “Sunday.  Boston April 3.  Franklin D’Olier, national commander of the American legion, has received a resolution from the Edward B. Rhodes post of the American legion, Tacoma, Wash., favoring the adoption of the Shirley poppy as the memorial flower of the legion.”   Franklin D’Olier was unanimously elected the first national commander of the A.L.  Had Anna met him – did she know him – in Indianapolis?

1920, 05 Apr:     Mon. morning: Madame Guérin arrived in Salt Lake City.  She gave an interview, at the Hotel Utah, to the Salt Lake Telegram about her Poppy Drive in the city.  Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan had been there beforehand, making plans ahead of Madame’s arrival.

1920, 06 Apr:  Tues: Madame Guérin spoke “at several gatherings” including:- a meeting of the Woman’s Leonard Wood league at the Hotel Utah; students of the University of Utah, at 11.30a.m., including? students of the Latter Day Saints University?; the Salt Lake Rotary Club; and (in French) before L’Alliance Française members and a general audience – on the mezzanine floor of the Hotel Utah, Salt Lake City at 8 p.m.

1920, 07 Apr:  Poppy Drive committee meeting and the Utah committee of the American and French Children’s League were formed. Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells was named as Hon. President of the American and French Children’s League Utah Committee.  Madame Guérin spoke at West Side high school and Roland Hall academy about the French children.

1920, 08 Apr:  Thurs: Madame Guérin spoke: at the East side high school and the student body’s weekly assembly at the University of Utah, in the morning; at St. Mary’s academy, in the afternoon; at a general/public meeting at the Assembly Hall, Salt Lake City, at 8 p.m. in the evening.

1920, 09 Apr:    Madame Guérin spoke at the Bryant school.   The University of Utah held a Poppy Drive on the campus – it made $126.24 for Madame Guérin’s Children’s League fund.

A “preliminary” Poppy event occurred at noon, ahead of next day’s “Poppy Day” – where girls sold poppies for 20 minutes at noon for the benefit of Madame Guérin’s  Children’s League.   Making last minute preparations ahead of the next day’s full ‘Poppy Day’?

1920, 10 Apr:    Sat: Poppy Day in Salt Lake City.  “A feature of the drive will be street corner speeches by Mme. E. Guerin, representing the French league, who will ride in an automobile truck amid garlands of poppies.”

The weather was so bad on 10 April that the distribution of poppies only happened in the morning.  However, in that short time, the distribution of poppies raised $2,760!   Another Poppy Day was arranged for the 17 April and was only held in the afternoon.   There was to be a ‘French Poppy Dance’ (aka ‘The Tricolor Dance’) in the evening but it was postponed until the 17th too and was renamed the ‘Cyclone Dance’.

Madame Guérin attended a Service Star Legion meeting at the Hotel Utah in Salt Lake City, and addressed members (in the evening?).  The ‘Service Star Legion’ had originally been the ‘War Mothers’ organisation, that had begun supporting Madame Guérin in October 1919.

1920, 11 Apr:     In the morning, Madame Guérin spoke at the Third Ward meeting house in Ogden, Utah, “on the condition of French orphaned children” – ahead of a Poppy Day there on 17 April.   She was accompanied by Leonel O’Bryan (Polly Pry).

In the afternoon, Madame Guérin and Leonel O’Bryan (“Polly Pry”) addressed “the regular afternoon meeting” at the Salt Lake City tabernacle.   Madame Guérin returned to Ogden in the evening – to speak again at the Third Ward meeting house.

1920, 13 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke in Ogden, Utah – in aid of the American & French Children’s League: 10 a.m. at Ogden High School; 11.15 a.m. Weber Normal College; and Sacred Heart Academy.

1920, 14 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Ogden.

1920, 15 Apr:      Madame Guérin addressed an audience in the afternoon at the High School in Brigham City, Utah.  It was decided to have a Poppy Day in the city on 24 April.

1920, 15 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke at Ogden City Hall in the evening, at the meeting of the Weber county women’s Republican committee.  Madame Guérin’s Utah representative, Mrs. Georgina Marriott, presided.  300 school girls were to be poppy girls at a Poppy Day on the 17 April.

1920, 16 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke in Ogden again – on the aims of the American and French Children’s League and asked for the support of the women on Poppy Day 

1920, 17 Apr:     A second ‘Poppy Day’ in Salt Lake City, Utah – only in the afternoon to compensate for the curtailment of the ‘Poppy Day’ on the 10th.  This included selling poppies at the Salt Lake-Seattle ball game. The Poppy Ball, which was postponed from the 10th and renamed the ‘Cyclone Ball’, was postponed again from today, until the 24th – and, again, renamed ‘The Hurricane Ball’.

1920, 17 Apr:      Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day in Ogden, Utah.  Local students disposed of poppy boutonnièresin shops and business houses.  Anna then went off to Provo, Brigham City, Logan, Park City (Utah) & Preston (Idaho) – promoting poppy drives.  $2000 raised in Ogden Poppy Drive. 

1920, 18 Apr:      Madame Guérin, together with Leonel O’Bryan (Polly Pry) and Jeanette A. Hyde (Utah State Chairman for the American and French Children’s League), addressed a meeting at the First Ward Chapel in Provo, Utah – in relation to the Poppy Day Drive there on Saturday, 24 April.  Mrs. Hyde was in Provo on the 23 and 24 April, to assist with the Drive.  Madame Guérin spoke at “several” theatres in Ogden in the evening.

1920, 19 Apr:  Madame Guérin addressed the women of the Service Star Legion at the Elks’ club rooms in Ogden, for the relief of children in the devastated regions of France.

1920, 20 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Logan, Utah (with Georgina Marriott).   During the morning, she spoke to students at the Agricultural College.

1920, 22 Apr:      Poppy Day at Caldwell, Idaho.  It was supervised by Mrs. G. B. Marino Marriott, who was an accredited representative of Madam E. Guerin, French director of the movement.        

1920, 22 Apr:      Poppy Day in Preston, Idaho – after Anna and Georgina Marriott had initiated their “Poppy Day campaign” for “destitute children in France” in Preston.

1920, 22 Apr:      Madame Guérinspoke at the Park City high school – on the French orphans and ‘Poppy Day’.  Her engagement took place “between trains”.

1920, 22 Apr:      Madame Guérinspoke at a special assembly at the high school, in the afternoon.  It was decided to designate Saturday 24 April as ‘Poppy Day’ in Brigham City.

1920, 23 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Provo, Utah.  She spoke about her Poppy drive at the monthly meeting of the Women’s Municipal Council, in the Commercial Club.  There was an “unusually large attendance” because she was speaking.

1920, 24 Apr:      Poppy Drives began in Brigham City, Logan, Park City & Provo.  Many other places held Poppy Days (Le Semeur).  Madame Guérin was in Ogden … she greeted Democrat William Jennings Bryan (Congressman, Lincoln, Neb.) when he visited Ogden.

1920, 24 Apr:      Madame Guérin, together with Leonel O’Bryan, was at the Capitol building in Salt Lake City in the evening.   After two postponements, a ‘French Poppy Dance’ – also referred to as ‘The Tricolor Ball’ and ‘The Poppy Cyclone Ball’, was finally held there, renamed ‘The Hurricane Ball’.   Local American Legion members organised it but Anna Guérin and Leonel O’Bryan were in charge of the entertainment.

1920, 27 Apr:     Madame Guérin left Salt Lake City, to go to Portland, Oregon – to form an American and French Children’s League committee and organise Poppy Days.

1920, Apr:         On an unknown date (end April/beg. May), Madame Guérin was in Oregon – speaking to the Portland Parent-Teacher Council, on behalf of her Children’s League.

1920, May:        Madame Guérin: “month’s trip through Idaho and Montana, where she conducted “Poppy Drives” for the relief of the children of the devastated section of France”.    She also visited Washington State, where Poppy Drives took place in Seattle and adjacent Tacoma …. (written 27 May, Hartley Burr Alexander papers) “Mrs. Buckmaster came again to help me in Seattle.   We had $4700 not half enough girls …”.  Plus:

MADAME GUÉRIN : POPPY LADY : TIMELINE

A ‘Work in Progress’ List …

1878, 05 Feb:      Anna Alix Boulle was born in Vallon (-Pont-d’Arc), Ardèche, Rhône-Alpes, France.  She was born to French Protestant parents:  Farm Proprietor Auguste Boulle and his wife Anna Granier.  She was a second child, a first daughter.

1892, May:      Either on 16 or 19 May 1892, Anna Alix Boulle took an examination in relation to the awarding of school scholarships.  At 14 years old, Anna Alix Boulle passed and was awarded a 1 year’s scholarship.

1892, Oct:       From October 1892 to June 1893 (three trimesters), Mlle. Boulle attended the upper primary school (l’École Supérieure) at Largentière – 23 miles north of Vallon.

1893, 26 Feb:  ‘The Journal officiel de la République française’ confirmed the names of those granted scholarships (having passed May 1892 examinations. Anna’s name was included.

1895, 13 Jul:   Anna graduated from l’École Supérieure of  Largentière, perhaps at a level to tutor.  

1896, 25 Feb:  A photograph, thus dated on the back, was taken of Anna in Ironbridge, Shropshire, England.   It is deduced she obtained a position of ‘Mademoiselle Francaise’ with a family, to tutor the children.  At the time, it was fashionable for such a French governess to be employed, if a family could afford it.

1897, 06 Nov :    Anna married Cuban-born/French National Paul Rabanit, in Vallon, Ardèche.  Neither bridegroom nor bride had a stated profession.   Paul was from Les Vans, less than 20 miles from Vallon.   After the marriage, they went to Madagascar.

cSpring 1898:     Anna went to Madagascar “as a bride” with husband Paul, and lived in Tamatave (Toamasina) – a port on the island’s north-east coast.  Until c1909.

1898?:                 Anna Rabanit began running her school – Headmistress / Director 1898-1909.

1898, 22 Sept:    Anna Rabanit attended a matinée dance given by the Governor General, after lunch.  She was dressed in a black silk dress.

1898, 27 Sept:    Anna Rabanit attended a ball given by the Governor General, for Tamatave “society” – she was named amongst the dancers mentioned.

1899, 22 Mar:     By this date, Anna had applied to the Municipal Commission for a subsidy, for a Community Primary School that she was running – Ecole Rabanit.

1899, 06 Jun:      Anna Rabanit’s school in Rue Nationale was within a list of Tamatave schools which appeared in the ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar  ‘.  It was 4th largest in the list of ten, with 41 pupils.

1899, 12 Apr:      Official approval was announced for the above requested subsidy, in the local newspaper ‘Journal official de Madagascar et dependances’.

1899, 15 Nov:     Anna’s school’s first presentation of prizes was reported upon. In the ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar’.

1900, 23 Feb:      Anna’s first child, daughter Raymonde Laurestine, was born a French National, in Tamatave, Madagascar.  Anna was an “institutrice” (schoolmistress); Paul a “Commerçant” (trader).

1900, 20 Sept:    The ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar’ printed a list which shows both Anna and Paul Rabanit as members of the ‘Alliance Française’ organisation, in Tamatave.

1900, 23 Dec:      Anna Rabanit hosted her school’s prize-giving ceremony at the theatre hall –it was attended by a large crowd.

1901, 23 Feb:      By this date, Ecole Rabanit had increased its pupil numbers.  Together, Ecole Rabanit and Mme. Panon’s smaller school held 108 students, including 27 scholarship holders.

1901, 03 Aug:     The primary school examinations for the certificate of study were held in Tamatave during the week ending 03 August 1901.  Of the 11 pupils who were awarded, seven came from the Rabanit boarding school.

1901, 25 Aug:     A ceremony was held at Anna’s boarding school ‘Pensionnat Rabanit’. The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ (29 August) printed an article about it.

1901, 28 Sept:    FÊTES DE TAMATAVE : Anna’s daughter Raymonde attended a children’s fancy dress  fête, as a “beautiful butterfly painted by hand with four wings painted gauze”.         

1901, 12 Oct:      FÊTES DE TAMATAVE : Anna ‘s sister Adeline, who Anna had brought to Madagascar to help run her school, attended a Grand Ball  in Tamatave, as a lady from Arlés (Arlésienne).

1901, 02 Nov:     Anna’s second daughter Renée Paule was born a French National, in Tamatave, Madagascar.     Anna was an “institutrice” (schoolmistress), Paul was a “Commerçant” (trader).

1901, 26 Nov:     It is proved in the Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances of this date that Anna and Paul Rabanit are living on rue Nationale, at No. 11.  Paul Rabanit, trader, “requested the registration in the capacity as the owner, a property to which he said he wanted to give the name of Vallon, consisting of a bare land located in Tamatave, rue Nationale, province of Tamatave.”  Until proved otherwise, it is deduced that Anna and Paul Rabanit had lived on rue Nationale since arrival.

1902, 15 Mar:     Notice in the ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ that the property called ‘Vallon’ (located in rue Nationale, Tamatave), had a boundary fence erected in the February.

1902, 17 Jul:        General Gallieni was given an official welcome into the port of Tamatave – “The boarding schools for young girls and boys of Mesdames Rabanit et …” was mentioned as attending.

1902, 24 Aug:     Anna Rabanit held a distribution of prizes to her students at the municipal theatre in Tamatave.  The Rabanit school was described as an establishment of “special stature”.

1902, 21 Sept:    Anna’s Rabanit daughters, Raymonde and Renée attended an Infants Festival at Tamatave.   Organised by Gouverneur Général and Madame Gallieni – who received the guests.

1903, 10 Jan:       Anna’s sister Adeline Berthe Boulle married Jean Gérald Moreau, in Tamatave.  Jean was a “géomètre geographie”, a geological surveyor.

1903, 19 Jul:        Anna was named as someone attending a day at the races at l’Hippodrome des Manguiers, Tamatave.

1903, 01 Aug:     The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced that Eugène Guérin had been appointed to a post near Diego-Suarez, Madagascar (future second husband of Anna).

1903, 23 Aug:     Anna Rabanit held a distribution of awards to her boarding school students.  “The local theatre was packed, because everyone had wanted to give to Mrs Rabanit further proof of acknowledgement.”

1903, 26 Aug:     The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ reported on School Prize Days, Anna Rabanit’s boarding school being mentioned.

1903, 13 Sept:    Eugène Guérin arrived in Diego-Suarez, Madagascar, to take up his position.

1903, 25 Sept:    Anna Rabanit attended a beautiful soirée in Tamatave, given in honour of the Gouverneur Général Gallieni and his family at Tamatave – at which all of “elegant society” attended.   Anna’s dramatic role during the interlude-concert was Cléo de Mérode (1875-1966)-a French dancer of the ‘Belle Époque’.      Anna was one of Tamatave’s (even, of Madagascar’s?) ‘société élégante’ …

1903, 04 Oct:      Anna’s daughters Raymonde and Renée took part in a children’s festival, Tamatave, organised by Gouverneur Général and Madame Gallieni  – who received the guests.

1903, 13 Dec:      It was reported that Madame Rabanit justly esteemed and whose House of education is notoriously the premier one of our city was not able to distribute the prizes at her annual gathering at the Municipal Theatre.   However, she would be organising a fête by the end of the month.     

1904, 16 Feb:      ‘Le Madagascar’ publication printed an article about the success of Anna Rabanit’s boarding school.

1904, 02 Mar:     Four young girls, students of Mrs. Rabanit private school, have registered and passed the tests; all four were accepted and classed …”

1904, 04 May:    The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ reported on local schools and Anna Rabanit’s boarding school ‘École Rabanit’ warranted a couple of passages.

1904, 26 Jun:      ‘Le Madagascar’ publication announced a leave of absence of six months for Anna Rabanit.  It is learnt in a future news article that this was due to poor health.

1904, 03 Jul:        It was reported that a most promising pupil of Anna Rabanit, the 13 year old Eugène Bang (son of the Norwegian Consul to Madagascar), was to go to the nearby island of La Réunion – for an examination, normally undertaken by 16 year olds.

1904, 04 Sept:    ‘Le Madagascar’ publication printed this short piece, showing that Miss Courtois was looking after Anna’s school well.

1904, 30 Oct:      ‘Le Madagascar’ paper printed an article headed “Beau succès” .. “Great Success” … it enlightened readers that Anna’s pupil, aforementioned Eugène Bang, had been successful in the primary examinations at La Réunion.

1905, 11 Mar:       Whilst on leave from Madagascar, in Vallon, Anna Rabanit was awarded a Certificat d’aptitude pédagogique (C.A.P.), giving her a higher teaching qualification.

1905, 06 Apr:      Anna Rabanit (amongst others) had arrived back at Tamatave after her leave.

1905, 25 Jun:      The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ printed a short notice about Eugène Guérin moving from Diego-Suarez to become Deputy Judge of the Court of Tamatave.

1907, 01 Mar:     By decree, proposed for the médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms).

1907, 15 Apr:      Divorce proceedings were finalised between Anna and Paul Rabanit.  Anna is living in Tamatave and her occupation is a schoolmistress (“institutrice”).    Paul is now living in the Masoa district of Vatomandry and is a “prospecteur” (?gold or gemstones).

1907, 01 May:    Announced in newspaper that Anna awarded médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms), one of the youngest people to hold the award.   It is reported that General Galliéni presented Anna with her médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms).  It was granted for helping the General to “bring customs and civilisation to Madagasca, particularly by her writing and organisation work.”  (Port Arthur ‘News Chronicle’, 05 July 1921).   On an unknown date, Anna was awarded the médaille Officier de  l’instruction publique.

1907, 22 Jun:      The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced that: “Mr. Guérin, substitute judge, in Tamatave, was appointed lieutenant judge in Dakar.”

1907, 27 Jul:        The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced: that Mr. Guérin, had been appointed as lieutenant judge Dakar, French Senegal.

1907, 18 Aug:     Bulletin officiel de Madagascar et de ses dépendances (01 Aug) reported that Mme Rabanit (teacher) had been given a three-month convalescence leave, to enjoy in France.

1909, 14 Sept:    Anna Rabanit left her professional teaching position in Tamatave.

1909/10:               Left Madagascar and returned to France.

1910, 17 Oct:      Anna married Constantin Charles Eugéne Guérin.  Occupation: Justice of the Peace.  Eugéne was resident at: “Paris 8th(8th arr.) but residing in Kayes   (French West Africa).   He became an Interpreter at a German POW Camp (Camp des Prisonniers de Guerre Alsacien-Lorrain, Saint Rambert-sur-Loire) in France during World War One.

1911, 9 Mar:       Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Madagascar”, at Girton Hall, at 5.30p.m.

1911, 02 Apr:      Anna’s two daughters Raymonde and Renée were found to be pupils at the private girls’ boarding school  Girton House School, Ealing, Middlesex, England: UK 1911 Census.   Madame E. Guérin lectured in Great Britain over four years, under the auspices of the Alliance Français.  Husband Eugéne Guérin continued to work in West Africa.

1911, 19 May:    Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Madagascar”, at Ealing Grammar School [for Boys].

1911, 26 May: Madame Guérin performed her first matinée (of four) at ‘L’Université des Lettres française’, Marble Arch House, London (near Connaught Place) – under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  ‘L’Université des Lettres française’ is now known by the name of ‘L’Institut français du Royaume-Uni’.  The London Times newspaper reviewed the lecture.

1911, 2 Jun:    Madame Guérin performed her second matinée (of four) at ‘L’Université des Lettres française’, Marble Arch House, London – under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  The London Times newspaper reviewed the lecture.

It was a series of four ‘Matinées Litteraires et Musicales’ lectures she organised there – perhaps she performed in front of Royalty at one of these matinees (?).  The subject of the first matinée (on an unknown date) was ‘The Empresses of France, Josephine and Marie Louise’. This, the second, matinée was about the Celebrated Women of the First Empire: Napoleon’s sisters, actresses, etc.

1911, Aug:      By the end of August, Madame Guérin had performed three matinée lectures at the L’Universite des Lettres Francaise, Marble Arch House, under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  The third matinée’s subject was “The Empress Eugenie and Princess Mathilde.”   There were four matinees.

1911, 2 Nov:       Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Joséphine and Marie Louise, wives of Napoleon”, at the Ealing Branch of the Alliance Française.

1911, 7 Dec:        Madame Guérin gave a lecture on the subject of “Marie Antoinette” for the Alliance Française of Ealing, at Monsieur Paul’s restaurant.

1911, 12 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave her fourth lecture at the L’Universite des Lettres Francaise, Marble Arch House, under the name of “Sarah Granier”.  The theme of her lecture was “The Times of Napoleon Bonaparte” and she was accompanied by Mlle. Amstad. The London Times newspaper reviewed the lecture.

1911, 14 Nov:     Madame E. Guérin gave a lecture at Bedford Grammar School on the afternoon of the 14th.  The lecture was given in French, on Madagascar.   The lecture was illustrated by portraits and limelight views.

1911, 23 Dec:      A lecture at Hastings & St. Leonards Ladies’ College, on Madagascar.

1912, 09 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture in the evening to the French society ‘Les Amis des Annales’ at the Gartshore Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland.  Her subject was Marie Antoinette and the lecture would have done under the auspices of the Alliance française, as with her other lectures.

1912, 23 Nov:     An advertisement in ‘Bath Chronicle & Weekly Gazette’: “ASSEMBLY ROOMS, BATH : ‘The Celebrated French Lecturer’ :  Mme. E. Guérin : (who has already given 400 French Artistic Lectures all over England) will give : THREE FRENCH ARTISTIC LECTURES (in Costume of the Period) : From 3 to 4 p.m.,  … Wednesdays : NOV. 27th, DEC. 18th, and JAN. 22nd. …”

1912, 27 Nov:     Anna Guérin gave her 1st lecture (of a series of 3) at the Bath Assembly Rooms – headed ‘Jeanne d’Arc, Heroine and Martyr’. “… it was noticed that many were moved to tears by the touching recital.” 

1912, 03 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture in Edinburgh, the subject being “Les Impératrices de France” – Josephine and Marie Louise, wives of Napoleon.

1912, 18 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave her 2nd lecture in Bath – at Bathwick Ladies School.   The subject of the lecture was ‘Heroines of the French Revolution’.

1913, 22 Jan:       Madame Guérin gave her 3rd and last lecture in Bath – at Bathwick Ladies School.  The subject of the lecture was ‘The Empresses of France.   The wives of Napoleon – Josephine and Louise Marie’.

1913, 15 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Gartshore Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland.  The subject of her lecture was “La Princesse de Lamballe and Mme. Vigée-Lebrun, two friends of Marie Antoinette.”

1913, 27 Jun:      The Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer reported on a future lecture to be given by Madame Guérin at the Central Secondary School/Secondary Girls School in Hull.  A protest was made against the fee of three guineas.  The protest found no support.   It was noted that lectures by Madame Guérin had already taken place at the Hymers College and Grammar School in Hull.

1913, 07 Jul:        Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Derby Municipal Secondary School. The lecture was on ‘Marie Antoinette’.                           

1913, 13 Nov:     Anna gave a lecture at Girls’ High School, Derby.

1913, 05 Dec:      ‘The Luton Times and Advertiser’ reported on an invitation lecture given by Madame Guérin at the home of Madame Hatton-Edwards, of The Rookery, Stevenage (date unknown).    Subject was Marie Antoinette.

1913, 13 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture in the evening at the ‘New Cafe’, St. Andrew’s Square, Edinburgh.  (The Scotsman, 13 December 1913).

1914:     ‘13/’14 winter:  During that winter (on a date unknown), the pupils of Irvine House School in Derby had “ …  much enjoyed a topographical lantern lecture, and two lectures delivered in French by Madame Guérin.   …”  (Derby Daily Telegraph, 08 May 1914) 

1914, 12 Jan:   Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Common Hall of Victoria College, Belfast – on Marie Antoinette.

1914, 14 Jan:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at The Lodge, Fortwilliam Park, at 1 p.m. in the afternoon.   The subject was advertised as “Episode Dramatique de la Grande Revolution” – concentrating on Marie Antoinette.

1914, 14 Jan:       Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture at the Municipal Technical Institute in Belfast.  The subject was Napoleon Bonaparte and was entitled “Les Légendes de l’Aigle Napoléon”.

1914, 03 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave second lecture at the Bede Collegiate Schools in Sunderland.  Attired as Josephine Bonaparte, Madame’s lecture subject appears to have covered Napoleon, the French Revolution etc.   At the end of lecture it was stated that Anna was “now going to America”.

1914, 23 Mar:     Anna Guérin gave a lecture at the Maynard School, Exeter – on Marie Antoinette.  The lecture addressed Marie Antoinette’s youth; arrival in France; “her gaieties and escapades”; and the “grim tragedy of the Revolution”.    “She had, she observed, given French lectures in some 640 schools ….”   (used the pseudonym of “Sarah Granier”.  Throughout England, Madame was often proclaimed “the Sarah Bernhardt of the lecture platform” (Sarah Berndhart was a French stage and early film actress).   “Granier” was Madame’s mother’s maiden surname.

1914, 28 Jun:      In Sarajevo, Archduke Ferdinand (heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne) was assassinated.

1914, 02 Aug:     Germany invaded France.

1914, 04 Aug:     Britain declared war on Germany.    Empire countries enter the war with Britain.   At the time, Madame’s Judge/Lawyer/Advocate husband Eugéne was said to be an “Attaché at the World Fair of Lyon” after having just “returned from an official mission to the Congo”.

1914, 03 Oct:      ANNA LEFT LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND on ‘Lusitania’ – bound for New York, U.S.A.

1914, 09 Oct:      ANNA ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  The ship’s Passenger List gave details:  “Lady Lecturer”; Nearest Relative:  E. Guerin, 33 rue Franklin, Lyon, France.    This was Madame’s first sailing across the Atlantic.   Her daughters were still at boarding school, “under the supervision of her aged mother.”  Anna was going to destination: St. Regis Hotel, New York City.  She began speaking under the auspices of the Alliance Français but for the benefit of the Red Cross.  Anna crossed the Atlantic 9 (nine) times between the British declaration of war and the Treaty of Versailles.

DURING THIS FIRST “TOUR OF DUTY” … it’s estimated that Madame Guérin travelled at least 1130 miles.

1914, 28 Oct:  Madame Guérin arrived in Washington DC, from New York.  She stayed at the Hotel Powhatan whilst in the city.  No review has been discovered for any lecture she gave.

1914, 23 Nov:     Madame Guérin was in Wilmington, Delaware.  She gave a lecture at the Misses Hebb’s School for Girls.  It was at a meeting of the Alliance Française, held at 3.30 p.m.   Her subject covered the lives of Charlotte Corday, Marie Antoinette and Madame Roland.   Madame Guérin donated half the proceeds of her lecture to wives and children suffering in France whilst their men had left for war.  This could have been Madame Guérin’s first lecture, after arriving in the U.S.A.

1914, 01 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture in French at Rumford Hall, 50 East Forty-first street, New York City at 8.15 p.m.   This was an important lecture, jointly organised by New York’s Museum of French Art and its ‘Joan of Arc Statue Committee’.   It was a fund-raising event for the Committee.

1914, 06 Dec:  Madame E. Guérin (Sarah Granier)” gave a lecture at the Waldorf Hotel in New York.  During that afternoon, Madame Guérin gave a costume recital on the life and times of Marie Antoinette.  It was given “for the benefit of the families of the fishermen of Brittany, who are in great distress on account of the war.” … “on more than one occasion moved her auditors to tears.”

1914, 07 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Waldorf Hotel in New York.  During that afternoon, Madame Guérin “appeared” as Jeanne d’Arc.  During the evening, she gave a lecture on Marie Antoinette at the Glen Eden School for Girls, at Poughkcepsie, New York State.

1914, 08 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at a “prominent girls school at Ossining” in New York State.  Perhaps it was the private ‘Girls High School’?

1914, 14 Dec:     The New York Tribune printed a large feature article about Anna.  It was an article entitled “The Women Of France Have Always Been Feminists” and appears to have been written after a critic had attended a lecture about Jeanne d’Arc, given by Anna.   The article may have been reviewing one or other of the lectures given on 01 or 07 December 1914 – it does not give the venue.

1914/15:              It is reported that Eugène Guérin enlisted soon after World War One broke out.   At the beginning, he was an interpreter at ‘Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine’ à Saint-Rambert-sur-Loire, which opened in 1914.

1915, 21 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Montclair, New Jersey.  She presented a “dramatic evening” impersonating Marie Antoinette, at Lauter’s Concert Hall, No. 593 Broad street. 

1915, 3? Feb:      During February, week-ending Sat., 6 February, Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the College of St. Elizabeth, in Morristown, New Jersey – on Marie Antoinette and the Court of Louis XV.

1915, 05 Feb:      Splinters Rogers Hall School, Lowell, Massachusetts – lecture on Marie Antoinette.

1915, 08 Feb:      Madame Guérin lectured at the Boston High School, as Marie Antionette. The Boston Daily Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on this date reported on it.

1915, 10 Mar:     Madame Guérin lectured at the Livermore Hall, Quincy Mansion School, Quincy, Massachusetts – on Marie Antoinette.

1915, 12 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Abbot Academy in Andover, Massachusetts.  ‘Impersonation of Marie Antoinette’.

1915, 22 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture (under the auspices of the ‘Alliance Francaise’ for the benefit of the Red Cross) at the Hotel Stratfield in Bridgeport, Connecticut.  

1915 Spring:       ‘The Fatherless Children of France’ was reportedly organized in Paris.  Madame Anna Guérin fundraised for the fatherless children of France – she was not an official representative of ‘The Fatherless Children of France’ organisation.

1915, 13 April:   Madame Guérin lectured at the Catherine Strong Hall, NY.  On 11 April 1915, The Democrat and Chronicle of Rochester, New York (11 April) informed its readers ahead of the event.

1915, May (?):   Madame Guérin lectured at Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Penns. “before she returned to France”-  for the benefit of French widows and orphans.

1915, 03 May:    Canadian Major John McCrae M.D. wrote the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’.   Jack (John H. Ballinger: Regional Councillor for Uxbridge, Ontario, Canada) knew Cy (Cyril) Allinson; he used to sit at the ‘Bullshit Table’ at the (Uxbridge) Legion and tell the poem story.  At the time Jack thought it was like most of the stories the table was named for, but later realized it was true.  When McCrae threw the poem away, it was Cy who retrieved it and gave it to his commanding officer.  So without Cy, the poem would have been lost!

1915, May:          Madame Guérin “lectured in the USA from October to May, being in France from May to October helping the people of her districtWeek after week she lived near the trenches, in order, she says, to renew her courage at the real source – by the unquenchable courage of the poilus” (The Port Arthur News Chronicle edition of 05 July 1921)

AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… 

1915, Sept:          Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK with her daughter Raymonde on an unknown date.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it’s estimated that Madame Guérin travelled at least 5000 miles.

1915, 30 Sept:    Anna’s daughter Renée arrived in New York – to join her, and assist in some lectures.   Renée arrived on S.S. Espagne, from Bordeaux – heading to her mother at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel.

1915, 24 Oct:      Madame Guerin gave a lecture at Mount Saint Mary’s College, in Watchung, New Jersey on Joan of Arc/Jeanne d’Arc.

1915, 27 Oct:      It is reported in the press that Madame Guérin would visit the Boys’ High School in Hartford (Connecticut) “in the near future”, to “present a character part from some French play”.

1915, 01 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at an Alliance Française meeting, held at the Misses Hebb’s school in Wilmington, Delaware.   She spoke on “The Salon of Madame de Rambouillet and the Court of Louis XIV.   She wore a reproduction of a costume of Mlle. de la Valleri.

1915, 06 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave lecture at Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania – on Marie Antoinette. ‘The Bryn Mawr Alumnae Quarterly’ (published by Bryn Mawr College) reviewed.

1915, 12 Nov:     Madame E. Guérin gave an “illustrated lecture” on Jeanne d’Arc in Washington DC.

1915, 15 Nov:     Madame Guérin gave a “Conference, Artistique”  – it was entitled “Le Salon de Mme. de Rambouillet la cour de Louis XIV” at Bridgeport, Conn.   Bridgeport evening farmer, Oct 30, 1915

1915, 18 Nov:     Madame Guérin appeared in Wilmington, Delaware: “for the first time on the Atlantic coast to speak on her visit to liberated France. … It is of the children of this country the noted French woman will speak to the New-Century Club members … …”

1915, 19 Nov:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Mass.  It was another “Le Salon de Mme. de Rambouillet la cour de Louis XIV”.  It included an impersonation of Mme. de Sevigné and a show of lantern slides.

1915, 01 Dec:  In the evening, Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Quincy Mansion School.

1915, 03 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave another lecture at Abbot Academy in Andover, Mass.  “Mlle. Raymonde” was with her.  “… a Phillips youth was heard to say that she spoke so entertainingly that he hardly glanced at the fair Abbot girls, whom he at first intended to watch.”

1915, 06 Dec:      Madame Guérin lectured at the Rogers Hall School in Lowell, Mass. again. It was a lecture on Jeanne d’Arc.

1915, 08 Dec:      Physician Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae (from Guelph, Ontario) wrote the now-famous war poem called ‘In Flanders Fields on 03 May 1915, whilst serving with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Belgium.    McCrae was not really happy with his work and he threw it away.  However, Canadian comrade  Cy(ril) Allinson retrieved it & handed it to an officer.    This officer, in turn, sent it off to England.  ‘The Spectator’ rejected it but ‘Punch’ published on 08 December 1915.

1916, 07 Jan:       Madame Guérin lectured in the assembly hall of the Broad Street building at Hartford, Connecticut, in the evening. It was a lecture on Jeanne d’Arc and members of French classes were invited to attend.

1916, 25 Jan:       The Ogden Standard, Utah reported on the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ society (‘Orphelinat des Armées’).  “One hundred years ago France came to the assistance of the young American Republic; today the Republic of France calls on America through the voice of each of her sons dying in the cause of freedom: “I give my life.  Will you help my little ones?”

1916, 27 Jan:       Madame Anna Guérin’s first husband, Paul Rabanit, died at Tamatave, Madagascar – it was noted that “whilst alive” he was a “prospector at Ampitabe (Mahanoro)” in Madagascar.

1916, 03 Feb:      Madame Guérin lectured at the ‘Normal School’, Oshkosh, Wisconsin – on Marie Antoinette.  The capacity of the auditorium was to its limits.

1916, 09 Feb:  Madame Guérin was in St. Louis, Missouri. She was there to give one of her Marie Antoinette lectures at Lenox Hall.  It was promoted as a “unique entertainment”.

1916, 10 Feb:      Madame Guérin lectured at the University of Illinois, Chicago.

1916, 11 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived to lecture at University Auditorium, Columbia, South Carolina.   The lecture was about the three heroines of the French Revolution.  Mention of a daughter assisting – must be Renée.

1916, 16 Feb: Madame Guérin was in Lawrence, Kansas.  She gave an impersonation of Joan of Arc at 4.30 p.m., at the Fraser Chapel, University of Kansas.  She was assisted by daughter Renée.

1916, 17 Feb: Madame Guérin was still in Lawrence, Kansas.  She gave a lecture about Jeanne d’Arc at the French Club and, again, at Fraser Hall Chapel, University of Kansas, at 4.30 p.m.  At 8 p.m., she gave a lecture (“dramatic reading”) at the University’s Morrow Hall (under the auspices of the Alliance Française), on the French Revolution heroines: Marie Antoinette; Charlotte Corday; and Madame Roland.  She had been entertained to a dinner beforehand.

1916, 01 Mar:    Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Pennsylvania College for Women in Pittsburgh, with Marie Antoinette … with a daughter.

1916, 02 Mar:     Madame Guérin lectured in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Profits went to the ‘Orphelins de la Guerre’.  Mention of a daughter acting as a page.  (Pittsburgh Daily Post, 27 Feb).

1916, 03 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

1916, 06 Apr:    Madame Guérin gave a lecture in Greensboro, North Carolina.  That night, she left for New York.

1916, 11 April:   Madame Guérin was in Montclair, New Jersey.  She spoke “in French upon the Salon of Mme. de Rambouillet and the Court of Louis XIV”, at the Unity Church – at 8.15p.m.

1916, 12 April:   Madame Guérin was still in Montclair, New Jersey.  In the afternoon, she gave a lecture on the life of Marie Antoinette to the High School students.

AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE ……

1916, 26 Sep:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK FROM BORDEAUX, on ship ‘Rochambeau’.   Lecturer.  With her 16 yr old daughter Raymonde Rabinit. Going to stay at Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York.   Nearest relative:   “husband. Guerin.  Interpreter  Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine à Saint-Rambert(-sur-Loire) – a Camp for German POW’s, mostly from Alsace/Lorraine.  Husband Eugéne Guérin was born in Guebwiller, Alsace = ideal French citizen for interpreter.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it’s estimated that Madame Guérin travelled at least 7600 miles.

1916, 27 Oct:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at St. Mary’s Academy, a boarding and day convent school, in Windsor, ONTARIO, CANADA.  She was accompanied by daughter Raymonde.

1916, Oct:            Eugéne Guérin commenced duties for France in Africa.  Up until then, he had been an interpreter at the Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine à Saint-Rambert.   By 26 June 1918, he had “… been twenty months in the center of Africa, settling German business for the French government”.

1916, 04 Dec:      Madame Guérin lectured in Pittsburg again.  ‘The Sorosis’ publication of the Pennsylvania College for Women Sorosis Pennsylvania College for Women – lecture on Jeanne d’Arc.  Mention of a daughter assisting.

1916, 9 Dec:        Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture on Jeanne d’Arc at Miss Cowles’ School, Highland Hall, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania.

1916, 11 Dec:      Madame Guérin was in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.  She gave her usual impersonation of Marie Antoinette, in Wilson College’s Thomson Hall.  At the lecture’s end, she described conditions in France – there was probably a chance for the audience to make voluntary contributions, for the benefit of French widows and orphans.

1917 & 1918:      Madame Guérin was on a New York list of speakers:  Annual Catalogue & Circular of The Elmira College, New York. 

1917: ’18;’19:      Madame Guérin was found on the list of “Principal Speakers Who Made Addresses in Missouri Under the Direction of the Patriotic Speakers’ Bureau, State Council of Defense  1917. 1918. 1919”.

1917, 24 Jan:      Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture in the concert hall of the St. Cecilia Academy in Nashville, Tennessee.

1917, 29 Jan:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Institute in Columbia, Tennessee.  Her lecture was about Marie Antoinette.

1917, 12?Feb:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Sophie Newcombe College in New Orleans, Louisiana.

1917, 14 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in Birmingham, Alabama.  She gave a lecture about Joan of Arc, at the Margaret Allen school.

1917, 16 Feb:      Madame E. Guérin gave a lecture in Decatur, Atlanta, Georgia.   

1917, 19 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Saint Genevieve’s College in Asheville, North Carolina.  The day before, an advertisement appeared in the Asheville Citizen – mentioning her two medals  and daughter “Mlle Raymonde Guerin”.   The ‘Asheville Citizen’ reviewed the lecture.

1917, 20 Feb:  Mme. Guérin (along with Raymonde) gave a lecture at the Columbia University Chapel, South Carolina – for the Cercle Francais.  On the subject of ‘Marie Antoinette’.

1917, 23 Mar:    Madame Guérin gave her “third and last lecture” (in and around Boston?) at the High School in Boston, Massachusetts – on “Louis XIV”.   Dates for first and second not known, for certain.

1917, 06 Apr:      USA declared war with Germany.  

1917, 12 Apr:      Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture about Marie Antoinette – at the Elmira College chapel, Elmira, New York.

1917, 21 Apr:      Madame Guérin gave a French lecture on “Marie Antoinette” in the St. Cecilia auditorium at the Immaculate Conception academy of Davenport in Iowa: at 3 p.m. She was assisted by eldest daughter Raymonde – who impersonated the Shepherd of Kraun and, also, Princess Lamballe, the close personal friend of the French queen.

1917, 23 Apr:      Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture in the concert hall of the St. Cecilia Academy, in Nashville, Tennessee.  The Academy was (and still is) a private Roman Catholic girls school.

1917, 24 Apr:      Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture at the St. Cecilia Academy in Dayton, Ohio. Her lecture was on Marie Antoinette.

AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… it was probably immediately after the 24 April 1917 lecture that Madame Guérin headed for New York with daughter Raymonde, to sail to Bordeaux on the ship Rochambeau.   Before the First World War, the Rochambeau’s route was Le Havre – New York – Le Havre but, between 1915 and 1918, its route became Bordeaux – New York – Bordeaux.   … and …

On 30 April 1917, the ship Rochambeau was involved in a torpedo incident 15 miles SW off La Coubre, which is situated at the mouth of the River Gironde. The ship was approx. 80 miles from the port of Bordeaux, on the Gironde.  On board gunners averted the torpedo by skilful manoeuvres.  Madame Guérin mentioned the incident on her return tour to the U.S.A. – “… returning [to France] from the last trip accompanied by Raymonde her ship, the Rochambeau, came near being torpedoed at a submarine infested entrance of a river where two hours later a big passenger boat was sunk and 100 people were drowned.”

1917, 14 Jul:    France’s Bastille Day. The ‘Food for France’ charity was started on this day, in New York.  Madame Guérin would raise funds by lecturing for it, possibly from mid-1918.

1917, 25 Oct:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK from Bordeaux, France – on ship ‘La Touraine’.   Lecturer.  Last Permanent Address:  Vallon.   Nearest Relative: Mother: Mrs. Auguste Boulle, Vallon, Ardeche, France.  She was joining her sister! ”Martha Boulle”, Washington Hotel, NY City – this must have been Juliette.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it is estimated that Madame Anna Guérin travelled at least 8800 miles … Anna did not return to France until Nov. 1918 = 12 months of touring and campaigning in the United States of America!  However, August may have been lecture-free.

1917, Nov:           In France, the Committee of the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ was re-organised under the title of ‘Fraternite Franco-Americaine’.    Marshall Joffre became President.

1917, Dec:           First Bulletin from the ‘Fraternite Franco-Americaine’ Paris office.

1917, 07 Dec:      USA declared war with Austria-Hungary.

1917, 11 Dec:      Madame Guérin was in Montclair, New Jersey.  She was “the chief speaker” at the Unity church – her topic was “La France Immortelle”.   French veteran Robert Oliveau  (aka Robert Arbour) also spoke.

1918:                     Madame Guérin was fundraising for Victory Loan/Red Cross/French charities.

1918, 21 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in New Orleans, with Frenchman Robert Oliveau (Arbour).   They gave an evening lecture at the Grunewald Hotel Convention Hall, New Orleans.

1918, 24 Jan:       Evening: Madame Guérin spoke at the New Orleans Athenaeum.

1918, 31 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Natchez, Mississippi – accompanied by Frenchman Robert Oliveau (Arbour).  At 11 a.m., they spoke at the Red Cross headquarters; at 1 p.m., they spoke at the Baker Grand Theatre; and, in the evening, they spoke at the Cathedral Hall – for the benefit of French soldiers (Class 2) – soldiers who had been invalided out of the French army; who were incapacitated for work; but who were not eligible for pensions.

1918, Feb:       One day in February 1918 (?week commencing 3rd?), Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour gave lectures at Y. M. C. A., Camp Shelby, at 50 cents each for the benefit of the French wounded.

1918, 08 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in Vicksburg, Mississippi.  She was accompanied by Robert Oliveau (Arbour).   They both gave lectures in the afternoon (3 p.m.) at the Bijou Dream Theatre, Vicksburg, Mississippi, for the benefit of French soldiers (Class 2) – soldiers who had been invalided out of the French army; who were incapacitated for work; but who were not eligible for pensions.

1918, 09 Feb:      Still in Vicksburg, Madame Guérin addressed school children at the Carnegie Library, at 11 a.m.  At 8 p.m. Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour both spoke at the Carnegie Library.  They had planned to speak the evening before (8th Feb) at the Bijou Dream Theatre but, out of courtesy to Sergt. Verne Marshall (who was to speak the same evening at the Walnut Street Theatre) they had changed their plans.

1918, 10 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour arrived in Shreveport, Louisiana.  That evening, they spoke at the City Hall auditorium, for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions (Class 2). 

1918, 11 Feb:  Still in Shreveport, Madame Guérin visited several schools in the morning, to offer invitations to attend talks given by her and French Adjutant Robert Oliveau (Arbour) – one being the State Normal School.   Madame also gave an informal talk at the Elks Home, Shreveport to lady bridge players of the Shreveport Chapter, Red Cross – ahead of their game session. In the afternoon, Madame Guerin visited St. Mary’s Convent and St. Vincent’s Academy “to extend her invitation [to her forthcoming lectures] and to delight the gracious sisters with her talk to them in the native tongue of the majority”.

1918, 12 Feb:  3.30 p.m. Madame Guérin gave a special matinee lecture to school children and their mothers etc, in the Shreveport City Hall.  8 p.m:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture in French under auspices of the French Mutual Aid and Benevolent Society of Shreveport at City Hall Auditorium, Shreveport.

The next afternoon (13 Feb.), at 904 Elmwood avenue, Shreveport, all the proceeds from Mrs. J. H. Breffeilh’s rook and bridge afternoon were to be donated to Madame Guérin for “the benefit of the French soldiers of the second class, wounded and incapable but not of the pension class”.

A few days later, The Times (Shreveport) announced that “telegrams and a long distance message” had been received from Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour, extending their thanks to everyone.

1918, 14 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in Alexandria, Louisiana.  At 3 p.m., Madame Guérin spoke to the ladies of the Rapides Chapter American Red Cross headquarters in Alexandria, Louisiana “in the interests of the wounded and helpless soldiers of France”.

1918, 15 Feb:      8 p.m:   Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour both spoke at the City Hall in Alexandria, Louisiana.

1918, 16 Feb:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture to French students at the Kansas University in Lawrence: at 4.30 p.m.  This may have been a personal arrangement, as fundraising for wounded French soldiers was not mentioned.  The subject of her lecture was “Jean d’Arc”.

1918, 17 Feb:       17th-18th: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour may have lectured in Dallas, Texas.

1918, 19 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in San Antonio, Texas.  She was accompanied by Robert Arbour, Adjutant of French 9th Regiment Tirailleurs.  Anna Guérin, together with Adjutant Arbour, gave a lecture at the College of Our Lady of the Lake.   They were in Texas to fundraise on behalf of the ‘French Invalids Class 2’ and fundraising for the US Loan Scheme.

1918, 20 Feb: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour spoke in Natchitoches, Louisiana, and then went on to Houston, Texas.

1918, 20 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in Houston, Texas.  She was sent by the French government.  Anna Guérin gave a series of five fund-raising lectures in Houston, Texas.  She was accompanied by Robert Arbour.   Anna’s sister Juliette Boulle was also present, assisting.  The stay in Houston was 20-24 February, inclusive.

1918, 21 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour lectures in the ball room of the Rice Hotel, Houston – at 8p.m.

1918, 24 Feb:     Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour lectures at 8 0.m. at the banquet hall of Houston’s auditorium – for the benefit of invalid French soldiers.

1918, 24 Feb:      Joseph T. Buddecke, the representative of Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour, arrived in Austin, Texas, to arrange the lectures that they would give in the city on 26 & 27 February.

1918, 26 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were in Austin, Texas. They gave the first of a series of lectures at the Driskill Hotel at 8 p.m. – “for the benefit of French wounded and disabled soldiers of Class 2”.

1918, 27 Feb:      Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were still in Austin. They gave a lecture at the Eighth Street Fire Hall at 8.15 p.m. – to “benefit of French wounded and disabled soldiers of Class 2”.

1918, 7 Mar:      Madame Guérin was in Marshall, Texas. An informal reception was given for her, at the Hotel Marshall at between 4 and 5p.m.  She met “the ladies of the city” (Club women).   In the evening, she gave a lecture at the City Hall.

1918, 8 Mar:       Madame Guérin and Adjutant Arbour lectured at Texarkana City Hall in Texas.

1918, 9 Mar:       Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour arrived in Marshall, Texas.  In the evening, the pair both spoke at the City Hall for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions.

1918, 10 Mar:     Adjutant Robert Arbour addressed 2,000 people in Hot Springs, Arkansas.  Madame Guérin remained in Marshall, where she was “presented” to cub women, in the afternoon, and where she gave an evening lecture in behalf of wounded soldiers at city hall.

1918, 12 Mar:     Madame Guérin had arrived in Little Rock, Arkansas.  She gave an interview with the Daily Arkansas Gazette.  Adjutant Arbour accompanied her. 

1918, 13 Mar:     Anna Guérin spoke at Little Rock City Hall, with Adjt. Robert Arbour, in the evening.

1918, 14 Mar:     Anna Guérin spoke in Little Rock’s Hotel Marion Auditorium, in the evening.

1918, 14 Mar:     Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were in Little Rock, Arkansas.  They gave addresses at the Hotel Marion auditorium, in the evening – for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions.

1918, 15 Mar:     Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour spoke at Pine Bluff, Arkansas.

1918, 25 Mar:     Madame Guérin arrived in Muskogee, Oklahoma (Muskogee Times-Democrat 25.3.18).

1918, 27 Mar:     Madame Guérin made a fundraising speech in Muskogee, with Adjutant Arbour, at the Severs Hotel.

1918, 28 Mar:    Lieut. Robert Arbour-Oliveau was in Kosciusko, Mississippi to give a lecture in behalf of the French war invalids.

1918, 02 Apr:    Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour addressed an audience at the Convention Hall in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in behalf of French invalid soldiers. In the audience was the former President of the United States, William H. Taft, who also spoke on “America’s case against Germany”.

1918, 04 Apr:    Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour gave lectures at the High School, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Arbour said “Confidence in your president is the keynote to victory.  You are either with your president or you are against your flag”.  Anna Guérin gave a “pathetic description of the wasted condition of the French land”.

1918, 05 Apr:     Poppy Drive by women in New York.  “The poppy drive in Wall Street yesterday afternoon, when women sold poppies – artificial – to plethoric brokers netted $2,000.” NY Tribune 06.4.1918 & The Sun.

1918, 08 Apr:     Adjutant Robert Arbour/Oliveau gave a free lecture at Central High School auditorium in Tulsa, Oklahoma. This may have been his last lecture of the tour. He made a home in Tulsa for a while and invested in an oil business, both before the end of the War.

1918, May:      Madame Guérin spent “a few weeks” in “Kansas City and other parts of Missouri”.  N.B. Kansas City was partly in Missouri and partly in Kansas.

1918, 06 May:  Madame Guérin gave a “conference”, in French, at Les Dames de Sion Academy’s Auditorium, at 36th Street and Warwick Boulevard, Kansas City, Missouri. [Notre Dame de Sion School, Roman Catholic]  

1918, 08 May: Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture, in English, at the Little Theater, Kansas City, Missouri – it was entitled “Boche maligned the French”.

1918, 20 May: The second Kansas Red Cross Drive was officially held between 20 & 27 May 1918 – although it appears to have embodied a few days either side of that period too.  “This drive set a goal of collecting $100,000,000. They exceeded the goal by 70%.”  The first Red Cross Drive appears to have taken place during December 1917.

1918, 01 Jun:  Madame Guérin gave an evening Patriotic Address, at Broadmour Theater, 34th street and Broadway, Kansas City, Missouri.   Madame Guérin was in Kansas City to give speeches that week.  She was in Kansas City during the recent Red Cross drive.In one day during that drive she made nineteen speeches and raised $32,000 in territory that had already been canvassed.”  (The Leavenworth Times, Kansas 19 June 1918).  She wore “a simple tailor-made suit, modelled after the French soldiers’ uniform and a hat of the same material.”  (The Kansas City Kansan 6 June 1918)

1918, 02 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Second Presbyterian Church, Fifty-fifth and Oak streets, Kansas City, Missouri, at 8:15 o’clock in the evening.

1918, 03 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Northeast High School, Kansas City, Missouri, at 8:15 o’clock in the evening.

1918, 04 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Westport High School, Kansas City, Missouri, in the evening.

1918, 05 Jun:  Madame Guérin at the Westminster Congregational Church, Kansas City, Missouri, in the evening.

1918, 06 Jun: Madame Guérin gave a speech at a union meeting of Club women, at 3 o’clock in the afternoon, at the High School Auditorium (Ninth Street and Minnesota Avenue), Kansas City, Kansas.  “A record of having addressed 700 American audiences since October” was quoted plus “more than 2000 addresses on the war”.

1918, 06 Jun:  Madame Guérin lectured at an Italian mass meeting for the benefit of wounded and orphaned Italians, at 8.15 p.m. in the evening – at Kansas City, Missouri.

1918, 06 Jun:  New York’s ‘Evening World’ reported that American soldiers decorated their steel helmets with poppies from the fields”, before going into battle at Veuilly-la-Poterie, France.  Other national newspapers followed with the news.

1918, 07 Jun:  Madame Guérin lectured in Kansas City, Kansas.  At 7p.m., she spoke to members of the Salesmanship Club, at the Kansas City Athletic Club in Kansas, Missouri.  The subject was “Inside Dope on Germany”, which included some of her personal experiences.

1918, 08 Jun:  Madame Guérin Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Central High School, Kansas City, Missouri, at 8.15 p.m.  Lecture was accompanied by slides.

1918, 09 Jun:  Madame Guérin addressed a “farewell meeting”, at the Grand Avenue Temple, Kansas City, Missouri.  Slides were shown.

1918, 10 Jun:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Linwood Boulevard Christian Church, Kansas City, Missouri.   Lecture was accompanied by slides.

1918, 10 Jun:  Monday: Madame Guérin addressed a farewell meeting at Linwood Boulevard Christian Church, before leaving for St. Joseph, Missouri.

1918, 10 Jun:      Major Joseph Theodore Buddecks, representing Madame Guérin, was in Topeka, Kansas making plans prior to her visit to Topeka on 24 June.    

1918, 11 Jun:      Major Joseph Theodore Buddecke was in Wichita, Kansas – making arrangements for Madame’s return visit to lecture on June 26 & 27.  Major Buddecke “of New York” (formerly of New Orleans); Publisher; Publicity Director of ‘Society Talk’; and on Governor’s staff of Louisiana. 

1918, 14 Jun:      Flag Day in the U.S.A.  Madam E. Guérin spoke at a patriotic meeting at the Tabernacle, on West Eleventh street, Baxter Strings, Kansas, at 8 p.m.  She told chiefly of conditions among the French people during the War.   No admission fee.   After speaking, she was treated to a reception given in her honour by Mrs. John Griffard.

1918, 17 Jun:      Madame Guérin was in Neosho, Missouri, to give a speech re orphans at the High School, Monday evening.  No charges for speeches.  She was lecturing for French widows and orphans under “the sanction/direction of the French government”, through the American Red Cross Society.

1918, 18 Jun:      Madame Guérin gave a speech in Emporia, Kansas.  Insight into Anna’s magnetism can be gleaned from a long review of it in The Emporia Weekly Gazette on 20 June 1918.

1918, 19 Jun:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Congregational church in Aurora, Missouri.  In the evening, she spoke to the High School Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri, under the auspices of the Chamber of Commerce.

1918, 21 Jun:      Madame Guérin spoke in Leavenworth, Kansas.  The Commercial Club bore the cost of Anna’s expenses.

1918, 22 Jun:      Madame Guérin was in St. Joseph, Missouri, “in the interest of war work”.

1918, 23 Jun:      Madame Guérin spent part of the day in St. Joseph and then travelled to Emporia, Kansas – to speak at the Albert Taylor Hall at 8 p.m.

1918, 24 Jun:      On 24/25, Madame Guérin was due to be in Topeka, Kansas but a misunderstanding about her official standing meant that the original plans were cancelled.  She was representing Red Cross but she was also believed to be representing the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ organisation but, in fact, she was speaking on behalf of fatherless children of France.

Plans for Madame Guérin to speak in Wichita, Kansas on 26/27 were also threatened but Madame Guérin went to Wichita on 24 and lectures were arranged for 27th – once the misunderstanding was resolved.

1918, 26 Jun:      Madame E. Guérin spoke to the Lincoln Commercial Club at noon instead.

1918, 27 Jun:      Madame Guérin spoke at 10 a.m. at Wichita City Library.  A luncheon was given for her at the Witchita club.  At 1 p.m., she spoke to the members of the Co-operative club at the Wichita Club and, at 3p.m., she spoke to the women of the Eastern Star Red Cross auxiliary at the Rorabaugh work rooms.

1918, 29 June:    Madame Guérin was in Hutchinson, Kansas.  In the morning, she gave an interview with a reporter of The Hutchinson News.  She spoke: to shoppers on the streets; from the balconies of the Rorabaugh-Willey, Curtis and Pegues-Wright stores for five minutes each; and at the movie theatres in the evening – on conditions in France and the French orphans.

1918, 30 June:    Madame Guérin spoke at the Hutchinson Convention Hall in the afternoon and the Royal Theatre in the evening.   All the money raised went direct to the American Red Cross in Washington D.C.

1918, 31 June:     Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture at the Auditorium in Topeka, Kansas.

1918, 01 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in Salina, Kansas for fundraising.  She spoke at a large meeting at the Claflin Hall and the First Methodist church.   Anna left on 02 July, heading for Nebraska.

1918, 02 Jul:       Madame Guérin arrived in Lincoln, Nebraska and spoke at St. Paul’s church, in the interests of “crippled soldiers and orphans of France”.  She spoke to 700-800 people. It is believed that Madame Guérin now made Nebraska her headquarters.   Sometimes staying with General John J. Pershing’s sisters.

1918, 03 Jul:        Madame Guérin made stirring appeals … 9.30a.m. lecture at the State University convocation and noon at Lincoln Commercial club.

1918, 06 Jul:          Madame Guérin and the Nebraska State Governor addressed the State House Thrift Society in Lincoln. Madame Guérin spoke in behalf of the French orphan fund. Advance notice of her arrival noted she would speak for the benefit of the “war orphans and injured soldiers of France”.

1918, 12 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in Omaha, Nebraska, to give a speech at Omaha Commercial Club.  A “tangle” occurred over creditials but this was soon sorted and new plans were arranged for other days.  She made Omaha her temporary headquarters for a while.

1918, 13 Jul:        This was the first day of a fund-raising drive in Omaha, Nebraska, which Madame Guérin had arranged.   It took place during the day and evening, for the benefit of French war orphans on the streets of Omaha.  Madame Guérin spoke and attracted large crowds. In the Drive, Madame Guérin spoke at the Sun; Strand; Rialto theatres; Hipp; Muse; and Empress theatres.  In total, $1000 was raised during the Drive, of that $79 was raised at South Side theaters during the evening.

1918, 14 Jul:        Madame Guérin was the principal speaker at a Red Cross Bastille Day event in Omaha, Nebraska.  She spoke at Miller Park, where the observance of the day began at 7.30 p.m.  and, at 8 p.m., at Elmwood Park.  Funds raised would benefit the Red Cross and French war orphans.

1918, 15 Jul:        Continuing the Bastille Day programme, Madame Guérin was the principal speaker at Hanscom park at 7.30 p.m.

1918, 16 Jul:        Continuing the Bastille Day programme, Madame Guérin was the speaker at Gifford park at 7.30 p.m.

1918, 17 Jul:        Madame Guérin gave a “stirring address”, at luncheon, to members of the Omaha Chamber of Commerce.

1918, 19 Jul:        Madame Guérin spoke at the Stock Exchange building, on the ‘South Side’ of Omaha, Nebraska.  Madame Guérin “stirred the hearts of the stockmen as no other speaker had done”; “tears stood in the eyes of many a veteran”; “small buttons, bearing the American and French flags, and the inscription, “united in Liberty’s cause. ”” were exchanged for donations of money, to benefit the Red Cross and French war orphans.

1918, 20 Jul:        Madame Guérin gave an address at a public mass meeting at the Brandeis theatre in Omaha, at 8.15 p.m.

1918, 23 Jul:        Madame Guérin spoke to 400 people at the High School Auditorium in Fremont, Nebraska … about the French war orphans.  $150 was donated.

1918, 24 Jul:        Madame Guérin was taken ill in Omaha, Nebraska.   Some engagements had to be cancelled, one being Beatrice in Nebraska.

1918, 25 Jul:        Madame Guérin’s itinerary was to speak in Beatrice, Nebraska, in the evening – describing conditions in France and Belguim.  This had to be cancelled because she was ill.

1918, 01 Aug:     Update to Wichita visit: “The Scouts have sold $8,964.25 worth of War Saving stamps in the past five weeks and rendered great service in the collection of Red Cross funds at various theatres after addresses delivered by Mme. Guerin.”  

1918, 22 Aug:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Opera House, in Cedar Bluffs, Nebraska – a collection raised $100 “for the relief of her people”.

1918, 30 Aug: Madame Guérin was in Alma, Nebraska.  She gave an “intensely interesting” lecture on the War conditions in France, at 8.30 p.m. to “a packed house” at the Methodist Church.  She raised $55 for French widows and orphans.

1918, Sept:         Moїna Michael began volunteering for the Y.M.C.A. Overseas Secretaries in New York

1918, 02 Sept:    ?Madame Guérin may have arrived in Lincoln, Nebraska – a few days ahead of the State Fair.

1918, 04 Sept:    Madame Guérin spoke at a luncheon of four minute men at the Commercial club in Lincoln.

1918, 4/5/6 Sept: Madame Guérin and sister Juliette Boulle attended the Nebraska State Fair.  “The Red Cross, Food For France organisation, YM. & Y.W. War Fund and National League for Service are gathered together fraternally … Madame Anna Guérin, her sister and four local ladies “sold buttons at ten cents apiece before the food fund tent” (‘Food for France’) – this was one of the activities of the National League of Women’s Service (NLWS).  Anna and sister Juliette Boulle were staying in Lincoln with Miss Anna May Pershing – the sister of the famous US Army General John Joseph Pershing.

The word “buttons” refers to badges.  They probably are the same “buttons bearing the American and French flags” and the words “united in Liberty’s cause” that were made in, and distributed during the Omaha fund-raising drive.  When stocks needed to be replenished, they did come from Omaha. Soon after, newspapers refer to Anna selling “boutonnières” at her ‘Poppy Drives’. Soon after, newspaper reports refer to Anna selling “boutonnières” at her ‘Poppy Drives’.

Still at the Nebraska State Fair Ground, Madame Guérin spoke at the auditorium there at 2.30 p.m.

1918, 06 Sept:    Madame Guérin was the principal speaker at a mass meeting in the evening, at the city auditorium in Lincoln – it was connected to the ‘LaFayette and Battle of The Marne Day’ celebrations in the city and the American Defense Society.

1918, 11 Sept:  Madame Guérin may have spoken on this day at the Fillmore County Fair, Geneva, Nebraska – or on 13th.  Fair days were 11th, 12th and 13th:  “Mme. Guerin collected over $300 for the French food fund and gave a number of talks during the fair.” [The Fillmore Chronicle, 20 Sept. 1918].

1918, 12 Sept:  Madame Guérin addressed a large audience before the amphitheatre of the Central Nebraska Fair/Custer County Fair Grandstand, at Grand Island, Nebraska.  The large crowd listened “most attentively”.  She spoke in behalf of the ‘Food for France’ organisation, under the auspices of the American Red Cross and “buttons” were sold for orphans.  $530.95 was collected.

1918, 12 Sept:    The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) under General John J. Pershing launched their first major offensive in Europe as an independent army. 

1918, 13 Sept:  Madame Guérin may have spoken on this day at the Fillmore County Fair, Geneva, Nebraska – or on 11th. Fair days were 11th, 12th and 13th:  “Mme. Guerin collected over $300 for the French food fund and gave a number of talks during the fair.” [The Fillmore Chronicle, 20 Sept. 1918].

1918, 13 Sept:  This was Pershing Day – in honour of American General John Joseph Pershing’s birthday (1860).

1918, 16 Sept: Madame Guerin spoke in Aurora, Nebraska, for the ‘Food for France Fund’, around this date.

1918, 17 Sept: Tuesday. Madame Guérin was in Lincoln – to canvass for the Fourth Liberty loan campaign.  An informal reception was given for her, at the home of Mrs. W. I. Farley, in order “that the ladies interested in war work might meet Madame Guerin”.

At 8 p.m., she spoke in Aurora, Nebraska, on the Courthouse lawn/Courthouse Square, in behalf of the ‘Food for France’ organisation – “a work endorsed by the National Council of Defense”. At the end of the evening, a collection brought in $600.

1918, 19 Sept:   Madame Guérin spoke in the afternoon at Broken Bow, Nebraska, “in front of the amphitheatre”, at the County Fair Ground.

1918, 22 Sept:   Madame Guérin was meant to speak in Milligan, Nebraska, but spoke at Tabor Hall, in Dorchester, Nebraska, instead.  The Milligan date would be announced later. 

1918, 24 Sept:   Madame Guérin was in Peru, Nebraska, in the afternoon – giving a lecture in behalf of ‘Food for France’.   In the evening, she spoke at the High School, in Auburn, Nebraska.

1918, 25 Sept:    Madame Guérin was in Humboldt, Nebraska.  She gave a lecture at the M. E. Church (Food For France?), in the evening.  The Home Guards marched there to hear her.

1918, 27 Sept: Madame Guérin was in Pawnee City, Nebraska.  She gave a lecture at the High School, in the afternoon.  In the evening, she spoke at the Court House – there was no admission charge but there was a collection at the end of her lecture, which raised $800 and Pawnee City hoped that it would be increased to $1000 eventually.

1918, 28 Sept:  Saturday. The Fourth Liberty loan campaign began in Lincoln, Nebraska.  Madame Guérin was one of the “principal speakers”An itinerary has her speaking at Neligh, Nebraska, in the afternoon and Raymond, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (11 miles north-west of Lincoln, as the crow flies). 

1918, 29 Sept:  Sunday. Madame Guérin spoke at the Methodist Episcopal Church in Lincoln, at 8.30 p.m.

1918, 30 Sept:  Monday. An itinerary has Madame Guérin speaking at Panama, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (18 miles south-east of Lincoln, as the crow flies).           

1918, 02 Oct:  Wednesday. An itinerary has Madame Guérin speaking at Roca, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (14 miles south of Lincoln).     

1918, 03 Oct:  Thursday. Madame Guérin spoke at Prairie Home, Nebraska, at 8 p.m. (10 miles north-east of Lincoln, as the crow flies). She may have also spoke at Denton and Emerald during the afternoon.

1918, 04 Oct:  Friday. Madame Guérin spoke to students at Cotner University, Lincoln, Nebraska (at the convocation hour/assembly) in the morning – about the desolation of France.  In the evening, she “addressed people of University Place at First Methodist church” – for Fourth Liberty Loan.

1918, 05 Oct:  Saturday. Madame Guérin spoke at Hickman at 3 p.m. &, at 8 p.m., she spoke at the Opera House in Firth – approx. 17 miles and 23 miles south of Lincoln, respectively.

1918, 06 Oct:  Sunday. Madame Guérin addressed an audience at Lincoln Auditorium in the afternoon. She also spoke at a Liberty loan meeting at 8 p.m., also at the Auditorium, and fellow lecturer Private Douglas was also present.

1918, 07 Oct:  Monday. A send-off parade took place through Lincoln and, no doubt, Anna Guérin would have watched or taken part.

1918, 11 Oct:  Madame Guérin spoke to the women of Plymouth – 50 miles SW of Lincoln.

1918, 12 Oct:  Madame Guérin spoke to men in shops and in the railroads at Havelock – approx. 5 miles NE of Lincoln.   In the evening, she spoke at the opera house at Beatrice, Nebraska, in the interest of the Liberty loan drive.

1918, 17 Oct:  Madame Guérin was in Ashland, Nebraska.  She gave a lecture at the Sears Opera House: “IS YOUR BOY IN FRANCE”“Do Not Fail to Hear the Noted French Woman”.

1918, 20 Oct:  This day’s New York Times:  article concerning the ‘flu epidemic and the Red Cross … Help being given.   Additionally, list of donations and donors printed:   Under ‘Food for France’ is “Mme. Guerin’s fund”.   $1,326 (In 2015: US$17,491 = CA$21398.47 & UK£11294.35).

1918, Oct:       Madame Guérin’s lecture tour was curtailed because of the Influenza Pandemic  – she set off to return to France.

1918, 07 Nov:  MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… Madame Guérin’s lecture tour had been curtailed because of lecture dates being cancelled due to the Influenza Pandemic.   She took with her over two big trunks full of letters and parcels from people in Nebraska – to deliver to their American soldier relatives serving in France.

1918, 09 Nov:    Date of Moina B. Michael’s epiphany in New York.

1918, 11 Nov:    The First World War Armistice was declared.   Madame Guérin was on board ship at the time the World War One Armistice was declared.

1918, 17 Nov:     Madame Guérin’s ship probably docked in Bordeaux, France.   She only had a few days back with her family, before being called to Paris (see below).

1918, Dec:           ‘La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amérique’ was created in Paris – affiliated to the French government.  Madame Guérin was to return to the U.S.A. to create an American branch – called the ‘American and French Children’s League’ but sometimes referred to as ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’ and the ‘Inter Allies Children League’.  The poppy was the organisation’s emblem.   The League was not linked to the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ charity.

1918, 04 Dec:      The 28th Conference (28th Y.M.C.A. training group of 1917/1918:  Tom Michael acknowledged) of YMCA Overseas Secretaries, Columbia University, New York City informed Moїna Michael that they had adopted the emblem of a poppy.

1918, 13 Dec:      Moїna Michael signed a contract with Lee Keedick (publicity agent) and Otho L. Ferris (Lawyer) – relating to her ‘Victory Emblem’ (Victory Torch and Poppy entwined).

1918, 13 Dec:      A letter of this date documents the fact that, when Madame Guérin had left Nebraska/USA for France in November, she had taken with her hundreds of packages to deliver to American soldiers.

1918, 26 Dec:      Moїna Michael applied for a US patent for her ‘Victory Emblem’ badge design (Victory Torch and Poppy entwined).

1919:                     Madame Guérin was one of only 42 “Principal Speakers” who appeared within the ‘Final Report of the Missouri Council of Defense 1919’. 

1919 Speaker:    Speaking/fundraising in USA for US Victory Loan and French orphans plus forming committees in each state for the ‘American and French Children’s League’.

1919, 06 Feb:     The Calvary Baptist Church, New York City adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.

1919, 11 Mar:     Moїna Michael was granted a US patent for her ‘Victory Emblem’.

1919, 16 Mar:     The American Legion was formed in Paris, France by the American Expeditionary Forces veterans  – the American Expeditionary Forces.

1919, 31 Mar:     Madame Guérin ARRIVED BACK IN THE U.S.A.: New York from Le Havre, on the ship ‘La Lorraine’.  “Professor”.  Last Permanent Address:  Vandeuvre, Calvados, France; Nearest Relative:  Mother:  Mrs. Auguste Boulle.  Vallon (Ardeche); Final Destination:  Sister Mlle Boulle, Lincoln, Nebraska.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it is estimated that Madame Anna Guérin travelled more than 21,000 miles … It is evident Anna did not return to France until November 1920 = 20 months of touring and campaigning in the United States of America!

1919, 08 Apr:  Madame Guérin spoke at the Fourth Presbyterian Church, 126 East Chestnut street, Chicago, in behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France.

1919, 09 Apr: The Home Economics Club, Hannibal, Missouri adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’ (Victory Torch and Poppy).

1919, 12 Apr:  Madame Guérin was in Chicago.  At 12.15 p.m., she gave a free French lecture about “A Pilgrimage in Northern France”, in Fullerton hall, Art institute. Following the lecture, luncheon was given for Mme Guerin at the Women’s Athletic club.  At 3.30 p.m., at a reception for the members of the Alliance Francaise (at 406 Fine Arts building), Madame Guérin spoke about “The Fraternity of Children of Different Nations.”

1919, 16 Apr:      Madame Guérin addressed a mass meeting at Shelbyville, Illinois: she was speaking for the Liberty Loan campaign.   She went off to Chicago at end of the day.

1919, 22 Apr:  At the College club in Chicago, Anna Guérin gave a lecture in the afternoon called “My Visit to the American Battle Front”.  In the evening, she  was honoured by a dinner in the evening, at the Skokie Country Club, followed by a lecture at Glencoe, which was 20 miles north-west of Chicago, along the coast of Lake Michigan.

1919, 24 Apr:  Madame Guérin was in Lancaster, Wisconsin – she was “giving a few weeks of her time to the Woman’s Victory Loan Committee”.  She spoke at the High School in the afternoon.  In the evening, she spoke at the Opera House – she was “the speaker of the evening”.   She “left behind a decidedly good impression”.

1919, 25 Apr:  Madame Guérin was in Platteville, Wisconsin.  She spoke at the auditorium in behalf of the Liberty Loan campaign.   She spoke to “two large audiences” whilst there.

1919, 29 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke at Hamilton, Iowa – at a big mass meeting for the Victory loan.

1919, 1 May:       Madame Guérin was in Muncie, Indiana – to speak under the auspices of the women’s division of the Victory Liberty Loan committee.  She was guest of honour at a dinner at the Hotel Delaware at 6 pm and, at 8.30 p.m., she spoke at a mass meeting “in the interest of the Victory Loan” – at the High School Auditorium.   After her talk, $87,400 Bond pledges were taken.     

1919, 06 May:    Madame Guérin lectured in Chicago – at a meeting of ‘Le Cercle Français’ being held  at 3 o’clock in the afternoon in the Fortnightly rooms, Fine Arts building, Chicago – on behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’.

1919, 13 May:    Madame Guérin lectured at the Oak Park club in Chicago – on behalf of “Fraternal League of the Children of France”.

1919, 05 Jun:      Madame Guérin lectured at Madison, Wisconsin – at the French House.

1919, 06 June:    Mrs. Mary Hanecy (Milwaukee, WI) “decorated a refreshment booth with poppies.  It was stripped twice of poppies by patriotic Americans, contributions left on the counter.  This was not a “Poppy Day”.   

1919, 14 Jun:  Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Chicago Yacht Club, at the annual luncheon of the Chicago Froebel association alumnae. It was in behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’.

1919, 16 JunMadame Guérin was in Belding, Michigan. She was making arrangements for a Tag Day there, on June 21.

1919, 22 June:    Madame Guérin was in Beatrice, Nebraska.  During that Sunday evening, she spoke in behalf of her Children’s League at the Christian church.  The ministerial association and the Y.W.C.A. had been responsible for arranging the lecture, with her agent Rev. Fink.

1919, 22 June:    The Inter-Allied Games took place at the newly built Stade Pershing in Paris … until 06 July – “Military Olympics”.  All Allied WW1 countries’ military services could participate.

1919, 28 June:    WW1 formally ended with the signing of the ‘Treaty of Versailles’.

1919, Summer:  Several patriotic organizations in Georgia adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.

1919, 17 July:     Madame Guérin arrived in Detroit, Michigan – to give speeches for the benefit of her Children’s League.   In the afternoon, she spoke at the Hotel Ponchartrain.  She was in the city to make arrangements for future engagements.

1919, 31 July:     Madame Guérin spoke in Duluth, Minnesota.  War fundraising – to Rotary Club men.

1919, 01 Aug:     Madame Guérin  was still at the Spalding Hotel, Duluth, Minnesota – holding several meetings, making last minute arrangements for a ‘Tag Day’ (Poppy Day?). 

1919, 02 Aug:     Madame Guérin’s Tag Day in Duluth, Minnesota. (was it a Poppy Day?)

1919, 26 Sept:    Madame Guérin  spoke at the Central High School, Duluth, Minn. – on behalf of the “Franco-American League”.

1919, 30 Sept:    Madame Guérin gave lectures at the public schools in Bemidji, Minnesota (which included the Normal school) – on behalf of the destitute children of France.  In evening, she spoke at a “Big Fraternal Meeting” – a meeting of fraternal delegates, held at Bemidji association rooms – “under the auspices of the Moose lodge”.  (Loyal Order of Moose was founded in 1888.  It is a fraternal and service organisation in the USA). 

1919, 01 Oct:      Madame Guérin was due to be an honoured guest at Bemidji Civic association meeting/luncheon but she was called away to Chicago.

1919, 03 Oct:      Madame Guérin dropped into McCurdy Hotel, Evansville, Indiana … wearing an “evil-looking gun strapped to her French uniform”.

1919, 04 Oct:      Gave a lecture on “France” – at the Evansville Chamber of Commerce, to War Mothers and club women.                 

1919, Oct:            Madame Guérin had a meeting with Hartley Burr Alexander in his Lincoln, Nebraska home ?re the League. 

1919, 08 Oct:      Madame Guérin addressed Gold Star Mothers of Baltimore’s 1st convention (06-10 October).  These were women whose sons had been killed in France.  She read ‘In Flanders Fields’ and spoke of poppies as war heroes’ symbol and carrying out poppy days, which she asked the Gold Star Mothers to assist with. “…reading the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’, she proposed the idea of poppies being the “symbol befitting the heroes of the war”.   The proposal was accepted.  

1919, 22 Oct:      Madame Guérin attended the Advertising Club of Baltimore’s luncheon on the roof of the Emerson Hotel.    She was one of the speakers.

1919, 25 Oct:      “Poppy Day” in Baltimore (also called a “Tag Day”).   Anna Guérin had arranged for 10,000 silk poppies to be made in Baltimore.  “With a corps of American women and girls who have been to France and seen the need themselves, Madame Guérin will work under the supervision of several local patriotic societies.”  Baltimore Sun 23 Oct 1919.  On an unknown date, another Poppy Day was held in Rockville, Maryland.

1919, 27 Oct:     A three-act comedy, “La Belle Adventure”, was performed at Orchestra Hall, for the benefit of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’ (which maintained the House of Bidart).

1919, 4 Nov:     Madame Guérin delivered an address to the American-Franco Children’s League Maryland State committee meeting, at the Hotel Emerson, Baltimore.

1919, 11 Nov:     Madame Guérin had planned a second Poppy Tag Day in Baltimore, Maryland.  Heavy rain meant it had to be cancelled.

1919, 11 Nov: Following a visit from Madame Guérin, at the end of September, a Poppy Day took place in Bemidji, Minnesota.

1919, 15 Nov:     Madame Guérin held her second Poppy Tag Day in Baltimore, Maryland – with red, white and blue poppies.

1919, 18 Nov:      Madame Guérin was in Wilmington, Delaware.   She gave a lecture entitled “Her Visit Through Liberated France”, at the Washington Heights Century Club there.  Wilmington’s ‘Morning News’ had given notice of the lecture on 13 November.

1919, 02 Dec:      Madame Guérin was in Des Moines, to organise committee for her Fraternal League. She spent a week in Iowa, arranging engagements.

1919, 27 Dec:      Madame Guérin arrived in Sioux Falls, South Dakota – to form a committee for her charity ‘American and French Children’s League’.  In an interview, she talked about the devastated regions of France and her aim to hold a “Poppy Tag Day” everywhere in April 1920.

1919, 29 Dec:      Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Commercial Club in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in the afternoon – on behalf of the French orphans.

1920, 03 Jan:       Neither Anna or Juliette has been found in the US census.  In Lincoln, Nebraska it was taken on this day.

1920, 05 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Lincoln, Nebraska, to speak to a special meeting in the Temple theatre – for her Children’s League and, subsequent, Poppy Days.

1920, 07 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Lincoln, Nebraska.  She had meeting with Mrs. Anton Dredla of Crete, Nebraska, who was prominent in the state work of American and French Children’s league.  

1920, 19 Jan:       Madame Guérin was in Lincoln – she “consented” to give a dramatic impersonation of Jeanne d’Arc at the First Christian/Presbyterian church.  Prof. Alice Howell assisted/interpreted.  After the impersonation, Madame Guérin discussed her Children’s League with Prof. F. M. Fling, who was on her Nebraska State Committee.

1920, 28 Jan:      Madame Guérin was in Cheyenne, Wyoming, addressing the last session of the Fifteenth Wyoming legislative.

1920, 11 Feb:      A benefit dance was held at the auditorium in Lincoln, Nebraska – to raise funds for Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League.

1920, 17 Feb:      A “Tri-Color Ball” was held at the Lincoln hotel in Lincoln, Nebraska – to raise funds for Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League.

1920, 09 Mar:     Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Pikes Peak College, Pikes Peak, Colorado Springs, Colorado – on behalf of the poor French children.

1920, 27 Mar:     A Poppy Day, benefitting the Children’s League, was held at Fort Collins, Colorado.  Delegates, Mme. Celeste Dixon and Mlle. Lucienne Fraper had visited to promote the League and organise the Poppy Drive.  The next day, to benefit the Children’s League quota, Mlle. Fraper (described as an accomplished singer) sang at the First Methodist Church in the morning and, in the evening, she sang at the First Presbyterian Church.

1920, 03 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Denver for “the first big” Poppy Day” for the ‘American and French Children’s League’.   The month of April ‘saw’ the fundraising for the League begin in earnest.

1920, 03 Apr:      Billings Gazette (Montana): “Sunday.  Boston April 3.  Franklin D’Olier, national commander of the American legion, has received a resolution from the Edward B. Rhodes post of the American legion, Tacoma, Wash., favoring the adoption of the Shirley poppy as the memorial flower of the legion.”   Franklin D’Olier was unanimously elected the first national commander of the A.L.  Had Anna met him – did she know him – in Indianapolis?

1920, 05 Apr:     Mon. morning: Madame Guérin arrived in Salt Lake City.  She gave an interview, at the Hotel Utah, to the Salt Lake Telegram about her Poppy Drive in the city.  Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan had been there beforehand, making plans ahead of Madame’s arrival.

1920, 06 Apr:  Tues: Madame Guérin spoke “at several gatherings” including:- a meeting of the Woman’s Leonard Wood league at the Hotel Utah; students of the University of Utah, at 11.30a.m., including? students of the Latter Day Saints University?; the Salt Lake Rotary Club; and (in French) before L’Alliance Française members and a general audience – on the mezzanine floor of the Hotel Utah, Salt Lake City at 8 p.m.

1920, 07 Apr:  Poppy Drive committee meeting and the Utah committee of the American and French Children’s League were formed. Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells was named as Hon. President of the American and French Children’s League Utah Committee.  Madame Guérin spoke at West Side high school and Roland Hall academy about the French children.

1920, 08 Apr:  Thurs: Madame Guérin spoke: at the East side high school and the student body’s weekly assembly at the University of Utah, in the morning; at St. Mary’s academy, in the afternoon; at a general/public meeting at the Assembly Hall, Salt Lake City, at 8 p.m. in the evening.

1920, 09 Apr:    Madame Guérin spoke at the Bryant school.   The University of Utah held a Poppy Drive on the campus – it made $126.24 for Madame Guérin’s Children’s League fund.

A “preliminary” Poppy event occurred at noon, ahead of next day’s “Poppy Day” – where girls sold poppies for 20 minutes at noon for the benefit of Madame Guérin’s  Children’s League.   Making last minute preparations ahead of the next day’s full ‘Poppy Day’?

1920, 10 Apr:    Sat: Poppy Day in Salt Lake City.  “A feature of the drive will be street corner speeches by Mme. E. Guerin, representing the French league, who will ride in an automobile truck amid garlands of poppies.”

The weather was so bad on 10 April that the distribution of poppies only happened in the morning.  However, in that short time, the distribution of poppies raised $2,760!   Another Poppy Day was arranged for the 17 April and was only held in the afternoon.   There was to be a ‘French Poppy Dance’ (aka ‘The Tricolor Dance’) in the evening but it was postponed until the 17th too and was renamed the ‘Cyclone Dance’.

Madame Guérin attended a Service Star Legion meeting at the Hotel Utah in Salt Lake City, and addressed members (in the evening?).  The ‘Service Star Legion’ had originally been the ‘War Mothers’ organisation, that had begun supporting Madame Guérin in October 1919.

1920, 11 Apr:     In the morning, Madame Guérin spoke at the Third Ward meeting house in Ogden, Utah, “on the condition of French orphaned children” – ahead of a Poppy Day there on 17 April.   She was accompanied by Leonel O’Bryan (Polly Pry).

In the afternoon, Madame Guérin and Leonel O’Bryan (“Polly Pry”) addressed “the regular afternoon meeting” at the Salt Lake City tabernacle.   Madame Guérin returned to Ogden in the evening – to speak again at the Third Ward meeting house.

1920, 13 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke in Ogden, Utah – in aid of the American & French Children’s League: 10 a.m. at Ogden High School; 11.15 a.m. Weber Normal College; and Sacred Heart Academy.

1920, 14 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Ogden.

1920, 15 Apr:      Madame Guérin addressed an audience in the afternoon at the High School in Brigham City, Utah.  It was decided to have a Poppy Day in the city on 24 April.

1920, 15 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke at Ogden City Hall in the evening, at the meeting of the Weber county women’s Republican committee.  Madame Guérin’s Utah representative, Mrs. Georgina Marriott, presided.  300 school girls were to be poppy girls at a Poppy Day on the 17 April.

1920, 16 Apr:      Madame Guérin spoke in Ogden again – on the aims of the American and French Children’s League and asked for the support of the women on Poppy Day 

1920, 17 Apr:     A second ‘Poppy Day’ in Salt Lake City, Utah – only in the afternoon to compensate for the curtailment of the ‘Poppy Day’ on the 10th.  This included selling poppies at the Salt Lake-Seattle ball game. The Poppy Ball, which was postponed from the 10th and renamed the ‘Cyclone Ball’, was postponed again from today, until the 24th – and, again, renamed ‘The Hurricane Ball’.

1920, 17 Apr:      Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day in Ogden, Utah.  Local students disposed of poppy boutonnièresin shops and business houses.  Anna then went off to Provo, Brigham City, Logan, Park City (Utah) & Preston (Idaho) – promoting poppy drives.  $2000 raised in Ogden Poppy Drive. 

1920, 18 Apr:      Madame Guérin, together with Leonel O’Bryan (Polly Pry) and Jeanette A. Hyde (Utah State Chairman for the American and French Children’s League), addressed a meeting at the First Ward Chapel in Provo, Utah – in relation to the Poppy Day Drive there on Saturday, 24 April.  Mrs. Hyde was in Provo on the 23 and 24 April, to assist with the Drive.  Madame Guérin spoke at “several” theatres in Ogden in the evening.

1920, 19 Apr:  Madame Guérin addressed the women of the Service Star Legion at the Elks’ club rooms in Ogden, for the relief of children in the devastated regions of France.

1920, 20 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Logan, Utah (with Georgina Marriott).   During the morning, she spoke to students at the Agricultural College.

1920, 22 Apr:      Poppy Day at Caldwell, Idaho.  It was supervised by Mrs. G. B. Marino Marriott, who was an accredited representative of Madam E. Guerin, French director of the movement.        

1920, 22 Apr:      Poppy Day in Preston, Idaho – after Anna and Georgina Marriott had initiated their “Poppy Day campaign” for “destitute children in France” in Preston.

1920, 22 Apr:      Madame Guérinspoke at the Park City high school – on the French orphans and ‘Poppy Day’.  Her engagement took place “between trains”.

1920, 22 Apr:      Madame Guérinspoke at a special assembly at the high school, in the afternoon.  It was decided to designate Saturday 24 April as ‘Poppy Day’ in Brigham City.

1920, 23 Apr:      Madame Guérin was in Provo, Utah.  She spoke about her Poppy drive at the monthly meeting of the Women’s Municipal Council, in the Commercial Club.  There was an “unusually large attendance” because she was speaking.

1920, 24 Apr:     Poppy Drives began in Brigham City, Logan, Park City & Provo.  Many other places held Poppy Days (Le Semeur).  Madame Guérin was in Ogden … she greeted Democrat William Jennings Bryan (Congressman, Lincoln, Neb.) when he visited Ogden.

1920, 24 Apr:     Madame Guérin, together with Leonel O’Bryan, was at the Capitol building in Salt Lake City in the evening.   After two postponements, a ‘French Poppy Dance’ – also referred to as ‘The Tricolor Ball’ and ‘The Poppy Cyclone Ball’, was finally held there, renamed ‘The Hurricane Ball’.   Local American Legion members organised it but Anna Guérin and Leonel O’Bryan were in charge of the entertainment.

1920, 27 Apr:     Madame Guérin left Salt Lake City, to go to Portland, Oregon – to form an American and French Children’s League committee and organise Poppy Days.

1920, Apr:         On an unknown date (end April/beg. May), Madame Guérin was in Oregon – speaking to the Portland Parent-Teacher Council, on behalf of her Children’s League.

1920, 04 May:   Madame Guérin addressed the Commercial Club at Tacoma, Washington State.  She was in Tacoma for a few days.

1920, 06 May:   Madame Guérin addressed pupils of the Stadium and Lincoln High Schools in Tacoma.

1920, 07 May:   Madame Guérin’s representative Mrs. G. Marriott arrived in Price, Utah – to organise Poppy Day.

1920, 08 May:   Poppy Day in Tacoma, Washington.  More than $1,700 was raised.   

1920, 08 May:   Poppy Day in Price, Utah.

1920, May:        Madame Guérin spent a month travelling through Idaho, Montana and Oregon –  where she conducted Poppy Drives.

1920, 15 May:     On behalf of Madame Guérin, Georgina Marriott addressed an audience there on 15 May – and recruited the girls.

1920, 17 May:     Georgina Marriott visited Caldwell, in Idaho, on behalf of Madame Guérin.

1920, 22 May:    Madame Guérin and Georgina Marriott were in Preston, Idaho – for the Poppy Day.

1920, 22 May:     Poppy Day in Caldwell, Idaho, a total of one hundred fifty High School girls carried out a “tag day” “for the benefit of French children in the devastated sections of France”   The day was officially designated “Poppy Day.”

Local lady Mrs. Amelia Anderson was in charge of the campaign in Caldwell.  “Tags to be sold are in the form of a poppy”.  Georgina Marriott had addressed audience there on 15 May – and recruited the girls.

1920, 22 May:      Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day in Seattle was held, after she had visited the city.   It was probably the Poppy Day in adjacent Tacoma too.

1920, 23 May:      Madame Guérin was in Spokane, Washington State – she gave a lecture at the Central Methodist Episcopal church there, on the children of France – and to create an American and French Children’s League state committee. A Poppy Day was held on 29th.

1920, 24 May:    24-31 May was “Poppy Week in Milwaukee.  The Milwaukee American Legion Post 1 held their first Poppy campaign it was not the “first” per se.  Memorial/Decoration Day (31 May) was designated “Poppy Day in Milwaukee.

1920, 25 May:    Spokane’s American Legion Auxiliary held a Poppy Day on the city’s streets, in the interests of American veterans.  It raised “more than $2000”.

1920, 27 May:  Madame Guérin was in Portland, Oregon. On that day, she wrote to Hartley Burr Alexander from that city.  She wrote that Miss Epperson (Kansas) has “several Poppy Days this week”; she was “speaking on average of 6 to 8 times a day”; there were “not half enough girls”; she was keen to get best exchange rate for donations (US$ to French francs); she would be in Boise, Idaho, the next day (Friday) and Pocatello, Idaho, on Monday (31st) Monday; and she planned to return to Portland on Wednesday (2nd June)    (Hartley Burr Alexander papers)

1920, 27 May:  Portland, Oregon. Perhaps on this day, Madame Guérin spoke before the Portland Parent-Teacher Council.

1920, 28 May:  Memorial Day.  Madame Guérin was still in Boise, Idaho, for the Poppy day. Memorial Day was celebrated at St. Teresa’s girls’ school and Madame Guérin addressed the audience.    (Hartley Burr Alexander papers plus)

1920, 29 May:   Poppy Day in Plattsmouth, Nebraska.  “Mrs. R.P. Westover has been designated as the chairman for Plattsmouth”.   Ladies and campfire girls distributed the poppies.

1920, May 29:   Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day in Omaha, Nebraska.

1920, May 29:   Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day was held in Spokane, Washington State – after Madame Guérin’s visit on 23rd May.  The Day raised $3882, “within $1000 of Seattle” and ”almost three times as much as Tacoma”.   It was quoted as “the most successful drive of the kind ever held in Spokane”.

1920, 31 May:    Pocatello, Idaho.  Madame Guérin was there.  Memorial/Decoration Day … ?arranging a Poppy Drive.

1920, 02 Jun:      Portland, Oregon.   Madame Guérin was probably there as planned but she did not secure permission to hold a Poppy Drive.  Looks like she then joined Georgina Marriott in Idaho.

1920, 4 Jun:      A meeting was held in the ball room of the Hotel Fontenelle, Omaha, Nebraska – relating to a letter from a “clique of social workers” trying to “undermine, the policy of the American-French Children’s league.”  Madame Guérin was accused of being an “impostor” but the meeting was attended by Professor Hartley Burr Alexander of Lincoln and letters from influential and significant people were read out and the “meeting was adjourned with hearty approbation, of the work being done in this country by Madame Guerin and the American-French Children’s league.”  All was settled in favour of Madame Guérin.

1920, 8 Jun:       Madame Guérin was in Blackfoot, Idaho.  She was the guest of honour at the Rotarians monthly dinner.

1920, 12 Jun:     Poppy Day in Blackfoot, Idaho: organised by Madame Guérin and Ogden’s Georgina Marriott.

1920, 12 Jun:     Poppy Day in American Fork, Utah: American & French Children’s League

1920, 12 Jun:      Poppy Tag Day in Kansas City, Kansas … there was controversy before the actual Day, over the American & French Children’s League not being on the National Information Bureau’s approved list but all was resolved in the end.

1920, 12 Jun:     Poppy Day in Rexburg, Idaho: organised by Madame Guérin and Ogden’s Georgina Marriott. They then travelled north, to Butte, Montana (190 mls north).

1920, 12 Jun:      Madame Guérin and Georgina Marriott arrived in Butte before lunch – proposing a State-wide Poppy Day in Montana. The two women were guests of Mayor Stodden, at a luncheon at the Thornton Hotel.  After lunch, the Mayor took Madame Guérin on an “auto trip over the city, viewing the mines and other points of interest.”

1920, 13 Jun:      Madame Guérin left Butte and travelled to Helena, Montana, to meet State Governor Samuel Vernon Stewart. She was promoting her Poppy Days and asking his permission to hold them in Montana.   She was in Helena for two days.

Madame Guérin “conferred” with State Governor Stewart and received his “indorsement” for her State Poppy Days, together with that of the State Superintendent of Instruction (Schools) and the Commander of the American Legion in Montana … these three, together with the Governor’s wife, Mrs. Stewart, became part of her American & French Children’s League committee for Montana.

1920, 15 Jun:      Madame Guérin arrived back in Butte, Montana.  She gave a lecture in the American Legion Club Rooms – on the devastated regions of France and her Poppy Days.

1920, 16 Jun:      Madame Guérin spoke to the American Legion members – she explained “the object of “Poppy Day” and asked for hearty co-operation from local American Legion men.”   After the session, a reception took place for her.

1920, 18 Jun:      In the afternoon, Madame Guérin addressed the women of Anaconda ref her Poppy Days, at the Montana Hotel – Ogden’s Georgina Marriott was with her.

1920, 19 Jun:      Poppy Day in Helena, Montana.  200 girl poppy sellers.  Miss Genevieve H. Parke, of the American & French Children’s League carried out arrangements made by  Madame Guérin.   Poppy Days were held all over Montana.

1920, 21 Jun:      Ref her Poppy Days:  Madame Guérin met with 15 women involved with Butte’s ‘Poppy Day’ at Gamer’s Tea Shop, in Butte, in the afternoon.   After the tea, Madame Guérin met with 150 women and girls at the American Legion club rooms.  Plans were laid out: “… transportation on all car lines of the city will be free to all women who are selling.  These will be known by a scarlet and white badge, worn across the breast, bearing the quotation from Lieut. John McCrea’s famous poem, “In Flanders’ Field, the Poppies Grow.” … and … “the girls will wear chic red caps”. 

In the evening, Madame Guérin addressed a large crowd at the American Legion dance.  Afterwards, she “… made the round of the picture houses, making five-minute speeches in all of them.” 

1920, 22 Jun:      Poppy Day in Butte, Montana.  Madame Guérin was there, with Ogden’s Georgina Marriott.   Reportedly the Day raised approximately $1,500.

1920, 23 Jun:      Great Falls Daily Tribune, Montana.  Miss Genevieve H. Parke gave a short talk explaining needs of fatherless children in devastated regions of France.

1920, 23 Jun:      Poppy Day in Anaconda, Montana.  Georgina Marriott was in charge of the Day.   Madame Guérin left Butte on the evening train, bound for Ogden, Utah – Georgina Marriott was most likely with her.

1920, 24 Jun:      Madame Guérin was back in Ogden, Utah.  It was reported that she exchanged greetings with eminent politician William Jennings Bryan at the Union Rail Depot.

1920, 04 Jul:       The Ogden Standard Examiner (Ogden, Utah) reported that Madame Guérin and Mrs. Georgiana Marriott had “returned from a two months’ trip through Idaho and Montana”.

1920, 08 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in Sacramento, in preparation for a Poppy Day there on the 14th.  She gave speeches to the Lions Club; the Rotary Club; and a meeting of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in the courthouse.  At the latter, several members of the New Jersey delegation (VFW?) were present and made short talks.   In a couple of articles, she was referred to as “Madame LeGrande-Girarde” (wife of French WW1 General Émile Edmond Legrand-Girarde).

1920, 09 Jul:        Madame Guérin “pleaded the cause of the war orphans of France at a meeting in the assembly hall of the Capitol” of Sacramento – ahead of the Poppy Day.

1920, 10 Jul :     Poppy Drive in Great Falls, Montana – Miss Genevieve H. Parke was Madame Guérin’s delegate.  Butte’s Mrs. F. B. Smith was in charge.  It was decided not to have a “Day” but to offer poppies for sale at the theatres during evenings.

1920, 14 Jul:        Poppy Day in Sacramento, California.  French Bastille Day was celebrated and Madame Guérin gave a “stirring appeal” at the event – held at the Joyland Park open theatre.   Madame Guérin was in the city for at least eight days: 08 – 15 July.

1920, 17 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in San Francisco.    

1920, 19 Jul:        Madame Guérin was still in San Francisco.   She addressed “the women at the Fairmont meeting.  Poppy Day badges and banners inscribed:- “In Flanders Fields the Poppies Grow”.

1920, 23 Jul:        Madame Guérin was in Berkeley, California, applying for a permit to hold a Poppy Day there, on Thursday 29 July

1920, 26 Jul:        Poppy Day in San Francisco.  Thousands of dollars were realised.

1920, 27 Jul:        Madame Guérin and a Miss Patsy A. Epperson were in Berkeley, California, arranging its Poppy Day.

1920, 29 Jul:        Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day in Berkeley, California.

1920, 05 Aug:     Poppy Day in Richmond, California (north east of San Francisco). Madame Guérin fund-raised throughout the day and into the evening – she spoke at the Standard Oil Plant; local theatres and “other places”.  A total of $760 was raised for Madame Guérin’s French war orphans.

1920, 07 Aug:     Poppy Day in Oakland, California – “when California’s native blooms will be sold to help French orphans. Mrs. William Thornton White has been appointed chairman of the day and will superintend the sale of the blossoms by several score by the younger girls.   Madame Guerin is at the head of the committee raising funds for the erection of an orphanage for the fatherless children.” Hundreds of girls from all over the city volunteered – including on the city’s Alameda Island. Madame Guérin was there.

1920, 09 Aug:    Madame Guérin’s representative Miss Patsy A. Epperson arrived in Santa Cruz, California.  Patsy A. Epperson, had attended to the “preliminaries” beforehand, and “to explain the aims and object of the league”.   Madame Guérin had followed during the week, ahead of the Poppy Day.

The Native Daughters of Santa Cruz organisation, headed by Stella Finkeldey, was in charge of the aforementioned Poppy Days’ arrangements.  “Taking into consideration other drives of a like nature made for worthy causes in Santa Cruz, Poppy day was an unqualified success in Santa Cruz and other nearby districts.”

1920, 11 Aug:     Madame Guérin spoke at the New Santa Cruz theatre and the Casino ballroom, in the evening – ahead of the Poppy Day there on Saturday the 14th.

1920, 12 Aug:    Madame Guérin was still in Santa Cruz.  She spoke at the Native Sons Hall at 3 p.m. and from the beach bandstand at 4 p.m.  She was “obliged to leave” Santa Cruz in the evening. – it is deduced that she was probably heading to Los Angeles.  She was in L.A. until the evening of the 16th, when she was in Long Beach, at the southern edge of L.A.

1920, 12 Aug:     It is deduced Madame Guérin arrived in Los Angeles, in the evening, basing herself at the Ansonia apartments, at 2205 West Sixth street.  Mrs. L. R. O’Bryan and Miss Helen Ahearn had arrived ahead of her.  She was there for approximately four days.  Poppy Day would be September 3rd.

1920, 14 Aug:     Poppy Days in Santa Cruz; Capitola; East Santa Cruz; and Davenport in California.

1920, 16 Aug:  By evening, Madame Guérin was in Long Beach.  She spoke at the Long Beach American Legion dance, in the evening – about the forthcoming Poppy Day on the 21st.  She lectured for the next five days so she must have stayed there, rather than travelling the 23 or so miles, to and from L.A.  Ansonia apartments.

1920, 17 Aug:      Madame Guérin gave two addresses in Long Beach (Los Angeles) – one was at a Long Beach women’s club in the afternoon.  She was establishing a branch of the America and French Children’s League and organising a Poppy Day there on the 21st and in adjacent Los Angeles on 03 September.

1920, 18 Aug:     Madame Guérin was presented to the Mayor of Long Beach (Los Angeles), in relation to her America and French Children’s League.

1920, 19 Aug:    Long Beach, California: Madame Guérin was establishing branches of the America and French Children’s league and arranging “poppy day” sales there – thousands of dollars were realized.   The poppies were made in France.   In the afternoon, at 3 p.m., she met with the Poppy Day canvassers at the Community service rooms, on Third street and American avenue, Long Beach.

1920, 21 Aug:     Madame Guérin was in Long Beach, California, for Poppy Day.

1920, 22 Aug:    Madame Guérin was still in Long Beach, California, after being at the Poppy Day on the 21st.   (Hartley Burr Alexander papers)

1920, 23 Aug:   Madame Guérin was in San Diego, California.  She was there to meet the State Governor and attend (and speak at) the American Legion’s California State branch’s Convention at Balboa Park, San Diego, California, 23, 24, & 25 August, 1920.

1920, 23 Aug:   San Diego, California: Madame Guérin met the State Governor and attended (and spoke at) the American Legion’s California State branch’s Convention at Balboa Park, San Diego, California, 23, 24, & 25 August, 1920. On this day, Madame wrote in a letter, to Nebraska Professor Hartley Burr Alexander, about her big idea” …  ”Have the Poppy as the Memorial flower and have the people of America wear a Poppy for Decoration Day – at least for 3 years.

This is her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme. The California American Legion told her to write to a Col. F.W. Galbraith who was to run for National American Legion national president.  Madame Guérin knew Galbraith personally and he agreed that her poppy idea would be a fitting memorial.  He told her he would make a reservation for her to speak on her subject at the National American Legion’s second convention in Cleveland, Ohio on 27-29 September. Thus, Madame Guérin attended in her own right and certainly not as a Y.W./Y.M.C.A. secretary – which has been widely reported.

1920, 03 Sept:  Los Angeles Poppy Day.

1920, 09 Sept:  Madame Guérin arrived in Santa Ana, Orange County, California – Mrs. Georgina B. Maroni Marriott was with her.  Four cities in Orange County were visited – Santa Ana; Orange; Anaheim; and Fullerton.   She was making arrangements for a Poppy Drives on 18 September.  She spoke that evening at the regular meeting of the American Legion Santa Ana Post.  She also spoke in Orange and at a band concert in Anaheim.  The Rotary Club of Santa Ana endorsed the project.

1920, 11 Sept:   Madame Guérin left Santa Ana, California. 

1920, 14 Sept:   Madame Guérin was in Des Moines, Iowa – to attend the Service Star Legion (14-17 September 1920) and address the women delegates about her American and French Children’s League and her Poppy Days.  It is believed that she gave her address in a session at the Hotel Fort Des Moines on that day.

It is deduced that, whilst there, Madame Guérin extolled the virtues of the poppy as an emblem: in October 1919, the War Mothers/Service Star Legion adopted Madame Guérin’s idea – to adopt the poppy as its emblem but, at this convention, there was a rival proposition.  A white carnation together with a red rose was adopted as its national flowers and the poppy was rejected.

1920, 18 Sept:    Poppy Days in Phoenix (ran by Madame Guerin’s Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan “Polly Pry” & Miss Helen Ahern); and in Mesa, Glendale, and Peoria, Arizona.

1920, 18 Sept:    Madame Guérin’s Poppy Days:  Santa Ana; Orange; Anaheim; & Fullerton, California.

1920, 19 Sept:    19-25 Sept: Anna  Guérin attended the Encampment Convention of the ‘Grand Army of the Republic’ and the ‘Sons and Daughters of the G.A.R.’ in Indianapolis and successfully asked their permission to use Decoration Day (30 May 1921) for her Annual Flanders’ Poppy Day.

1920, 25 Sept:    Madame Guérin’s representatives Mrs. Leonel O’Bryan and Miss Helen Ahern were in charge of a “poppy tag day” in Tucson, Arizona – on behalf of the American and French Children’s League.

1920, 27 Sept:    27-29 Sept:  Madame Guérin attended the National American Legion’s second Convention in Cleveland, Ohio.  In her American and French Children’s League role,  she had been invited to address the Legion members on her “big idea” for an annual ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme at this Convention.  Her “… Flanders’ fields poppy idea was adopted first by the committee of the 48 states presidents to whom I spoke … It was accepted unanimously by them as, later on, it was accepted by the convention from the platform.”  Thus, at this Convention, it was resolved to adopt the poppy as the American Legion’s Memorial Flower.   Madame’s friend/acquaintance Frederic W. Galbraith Jr. (who had invited her) became the second American Legion National Commander on 29 Sept. 1920.  It was at this Convention that American Legion veterans christened Anna Guérin The Poppy Lady”, “The Poppy Lady of France and, from then on, this was how she was known in the U.S.A.

1920, 28 Sept:    Leonel  O’Bryan and Helen Ahern arrive in Bisbee, Arizona, to organise a Poppy Day.

1920, Oct:            Madame Guérin visited Akron and Canton in Ohio, immediately after she spoke at the American Legion convention in Cleveland, Ohio, in connection with her charity and Poppy Days – see 13 November 1920.

1920, 06 Oct:      Poppy Day in Bisbee, Arizona.

1920, 08 Oct:      Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League’s President, Hartley B. Alexander (Lincoln, Nebraska), wrote to the Director of the National Information Bureau in N.Y. City – asking that the American and French Children’s League be officially recognised by the Bureau.   He gave the Bureau historical information about Madame Guérin.

1920, 16 Oct:      Madame Guérin and Isabelle Mack were in Indianapolis, to establish HQ for ‘League of American and French Children’.   The motto of the League is “We shall not forget” …

1920, 22 Oct:      Madame Guérin set off to Chicago (to see sister Juliette).  From Hotel Pennsylvania, New York, she wrote:  “I am leaving for Chicago this evening.   As long as my big Poppy days will allow us to see the continuation of our work without so many worries are not over.”

1920, 23 Oct:      Madame Guérin had a meeting at Fletcher Nat. Bank, Indianapolis – re American and French Children’s League account.  Madame’s books were audited in Indianapolis.

1920, 10 Nov:     Madame Guérin was in Louisville, Kentucky.  With Leonel O’Bryan, she was at a meeting of the Women’s Club – in the interest of children in the devastated areas of France and asked them for assistance with a Poppy Day there.

1920, 11 Nov:     Madame Guérin was still in Louisville.  She spoke at the Louisville Girls’ High School.

1920, 11 Nov:     Second Anniversary of the Armistice.   Poppy Days were carried out in the USA on and around that day, under the auspices of the American-Franco Children’s League.   

1920, 11 Nov:     In New Castle, Pennsylvania, High School girls sold poppies – on behalf of the local American Legion Post.  That Poppy Tag Day “netted the Legion $2,339. 

1920, 11 Nov:    Second Anniversary of Armistice Day.   Poppy Days were carried out all over the USA on and around that day, under the auspices of the American-Franco Children’s  League. 

1920, 13 Nov:    Poppy Day in Akron, Ohio.  The Poppy Day in Canton raised $1,500 for Madame Guérin’s French orphans.

1920, 13 Nov:    Poppy Day in Indianapolis (home of the American Legion HQ).   The Indianapolis newspapers reported on how a Poppy Tag Day had been observed in that city on that day. Madame Guérin and Mrs. Isabella Mack assisted in the Indianapolis drive.  “Several of the smaller cities in the state [of Indiana] will hold a Poppy Tag day November 13.”

1920, 27 Nov:     Ellwood City, Pennsylvania held a Poppy Day – following the example of New Castle, of the proceeds going to the local American Legion Post.

1920, 20 Nov:      AFTER ALL THE NOVEMBER POPPY DAYS, Madame Anna Guérin set sail for France.  She travelled on the ‘Touraine’ and was accompanied by Marie de Mare (Stein) from Denver, Colorado.

1920, Dec:           The ‘Fatherless Children of France’ organisation closed its books – Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League carried the work on.   (Hartley Burr Alexander papers).

1920, Dec. 9:       Madame Guérin reported to the French committee of ‘La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amérique’ at the Élysée Palace in Paris.  When Madame Guérin asked for 5 million silk poppies to be made by children in orphanages, the Committee notified Madame Guérin that none of the donated monies she had raised in the U.S.A. could be used towards the fabrication of the poppies.  The Committee’s statutes could not be revoked – every cent from the U. S.A. had to be used for the welfare of the poor children and for nothing else.

Madame Guérin wrote in her 1941 Synopsis [sic]: “… As Originator of the Poppy’s Idea , and the sponsor and knowing how philantropic this Idea could become , I ordered , on my own responsibility not 5 but 3.000.000 of silk poppies . And I arrived in March 1921 in New-York with these 3 millions Poppies . The Customs’ duties were so high that I went in Court (of the Customs) as the Originator of the Idea explaining the purpose of this coming campaign in such a way that the Government refunded me $ 12.000 of duties , sending them to Mme E. Guerin the Founder of the National Flanders’ Fields’ Poppy’s Days.   This judgement is recorded at the Customs’ Court. …”

1921, 19 Jan:       Madame Guérin wrote from France on American-Franco Children’s League/La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amerique headed notepaper …. “I am now in France superintending the making of millions of red silk poppies … … by the widows and daughters of French soldiers.”

1921, 04 Feb:      An advertisement/message from Madame Guérin appeared in the American Legion Journal.   She wrote letters from France – to the American Legion and Mothers of Baltimore. 

1921, 17 Feb:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED BACK IN NEW YORK from Le Havre, France: Last Permanent Address in USA:  Chicago; Nearest Relative:  Mr. Guérin au Mas des Aires, Vallon (Ardeche); Teacher.  She was accompanied by her daughter Raymonde Rabanit and her sister Juliette Boulle.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … Madame Guérin’s travelling was within the U.S.A. and into/within Canada on this tour.  It is estimated that she travelled at least 5293 miles.

1921, 19 Feb:      Letter to Moїna Michael from Isabelle Mack: she enclosed the February issue of ‘Le Semeur’ – which contained a speech Madame Guérin gave to a Children’s League’s gathering in Paris.

1921, 23 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in Indianapolis, Indiana – she brought poppies with her.  She was initially staying at the Hotel Severin, along with her sister Juliette Boulle and her daughter Raymonde.  Then their headquarters was situated at the home of Edouard J. Duboise, 238 East Tenth street.

1921, March:      Copy of a document (date estimated) written by Madame Guérin to an unknown person/s.   Additionally, she wrote to Woman’s clubs/Federated clubs – promoting poppy wearing.

1921, 3 Mar:       Madame Guérin was in Baltimore, My.  She had “brought messages of gratitude for and felicitations on the work accomplished toward providing for the needs of these orphaned children” – the work being linked to Madame Guérin’s Children’s League and Poppy Days.

1921, 4 Mar:       Madame Guérin left Baltimore, “for New York”. It is assumed that the League’s headquarters had already moved from Indianapolis to New York, or were going to very shortly.

1921, 12 Apr:      Madame Guérin addressed the first convention of the American Legion’s Women’s Auxiliary, in Columbus, Ohio.  Her speech was entitled “A Message From France.”  The Women’s Auxiliary had taken the poppy as its Memorial Flower, like the men’s American Legion.

1921, 17 Apr:      The Abilene Daily Reporter (Abilene, Texas), Vol. 34, No. 122, Ed. 1 Sunday reported that “the Federated Clubs of Abilene are in receipt of letters from Mme. E. Guerin, who is known as “The Poppy Lady of France”, urging that the women wear poppies of Flanders Fields on May 30. 

1921, 18 May:    Madame Guérin’s sister Juliette Boulle arrived in Detroit, Michigan.  The next day (19 May), Juliette met with American Legion officials to organise the poppy campaign in the city.

1921, 19 Apr:      The Gettysburg Times reports that the “American Legion has adopted the poppy as its Memorial Day flower.   On May 30 thousands tiny red silk flowers will be distributed throughout America by the Legion and other patriotic organizations.  …”  Many US newspapers ran the articles.

1921, 21 Apr:      The Bismarck Tribune of this date reports: “The Poppy Lady of France has come to America again! …”   Countless other newspapers printed similar articles about Madame Guérin.

1921, 22 Apr:      At the 9th Annual Meeting of the Winnipeg Chapter of the I.O.D.E. (at the Fort Garry hotel, Winnipeg), “A resolution was sent to the National I.O.D.E. , asking it to adopt “Poppy Day” as a feature of Armistice Day to raise funds for the War Memorial in all parts of Canada.

1921, 27 Apr:      The ‘American and French Children’s League’ merged with the ‘American-Franco Children’s League’.   New York Bishop Herbert Shipman became its President.

1921, 28 Apr:      Madame Guérin’s representative, Isabelle Mack, was in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania – to make preparations for the ‘Poppy Day’ there on 28 May – the date of the designated American and French Children’s League’s ‘Poppy Day’ across the U.S.A.

1921, Apr/May:  Ahead of Memorial Day, two different near-identical news articles appeared about Madame Guérin in numerous newspapers – one was about “Poppy Lady” Madame Guérin with the same image of her; and the other informed readers about the American Legion adopting the poppy; Poppy Day on 30 May; and Madame Guérin bringing poppies to U.S.A.

1921, 12 May:    On this day, New York Times article headed an article: “Rival Societies in War of the Poppies” – twixt ‘American-Franco Children’s League’ personnel (including Madame Anna E. Guérin) and Mrs. Mercedes McAllister Smith – Mrs. M.M.S. took out a slander case against seven people.

1921, 14 May:    A Washington DC letter (held by the Arizona State Library) promoted Poppy Day: “Hubert Work, the First Assistant Postmaster General, authorizes the Jerome postmaster to post information publicizing an international Memorial Day to benefit the American and French Children’s League.  Red poppies were crafted by children and mothers who suffered during the first world war and sold to help fund medical care of the League. …” 

1921, 15 May:    The British Legion was formed from 4 national organisations:-  Officers Association; Scottish Federation of Ex-servicemen; the Comrades of the Great War; and the National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers.   HRH Prince of Wales became 1st Patron; Earl Haig 1st President.

1921, 20 May:  The American-Franco Children’s League, Inc. was granted a formal endorsement by The National Information Bureau – “it is the only organisation authorized by the Ligue [French ‘La Ligue Americaine Francaise des Enfants’] to collect funds for it in the United States and the only organization endorsed by the Bureau.” … i.e. NOT the ‘American and French Children’s league’.

1921, 20 May:    The American Legion Weekly [Volume 3, No. 20 (May 20, 1921)]:- full page advert on page 1/inside front cover) for The American-Franco Children’s League.

1921, 20 May:    Announced in Bridgeport, Conn.:  American Legion took receipt of poppies made by disabled veterans at Allingtown hospital, Allingtown, Conn. – for their own poppy sale/own benefit.

1921, 21 May:    Synonymous with other contemporaneous empathy with the poppy:  announced in the Winnipeg Tribune that (regarding the graves “of soldiers who died both in the Great War and other wars”) “Winnipeg Chapters of the I.O.D.E. to deck the graves with flags and red poppies.”

1921, 24 May:    Hickory Daily Record (North Carolina): reported Madame Guerin ‘The Poppy Lady of France was back in USA for Memorial Day.  “She has brought with her millions of tiny red silk poppies, the kind that “Blow on Flanders Fields.”

1921, 28 May:    Designated Poppy Day across the United States of America  conducted by the American-Franco Children’s league – ahead of Memorial Day on the 30th.    

1921, end May: Madame Guérin arrived in Canada – to create a ‘Canadian-Franco Children’s League and launch her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy scheme’.

In Canada, there was a name complication after Madame Guérin arrived, because there was a “Mademoiselle” Guerin with a ‘Franco-Canadian Orphanage’ society there. “Mlle.” and “Mme” were often confused and, perhaps at Mlle.’s instigation, news articles attempted to highlight differences.   

1921, 01 Jun:      In the evening, Anna addressed a meeting of the Catholic Women’s League of Canada at (Knights of?) Columbus Hall, in Toronto.

1921, June:         “The Poppy Lady of France” arrived on a “special mission to speak to the conventions of the National Chapter, I.O.D.E. and the Catholic Women’s League of Canada”.   It is believed Anna also spoke to the Great War Veterans’ Association’s women’s auxiliary during the month of June.

1921, 09 Jun:      Madame Guérin’s Poppy ally, American Legion National Commander Colonel Fredk. W. Galbraith Jr. was killed in a car crash.

1921, 13 Jun:      Madame Guérin’s husband, Constant Charles Eugène Guerin, was presented with the award ‘Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur’ at Paris, France.

1921, 20 Jun:      Madame Guérin addressed a meeting of the American Legion Delaware Post No.1 in Wilmington, Delaware.

1921, 04 Jul:        Madame Guérin was at Prince Arthur Hotel, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.   She was there “… to ask the Dominion Executive Committee of the Great War Veterans for co-operation in making Armistice Day, November 11, a Poppy Day throughout Canada … to make it an annual movement ..”  Anna was a guest at the veterans’ luncheon and addressed them in the afternoon. 

1921, 05 Jul:        Madame Guérin’s proposal was discussed by the G.W.V.A.

1921, 06 Jul:        The G.W.V.A. officially adopted Madame Guérin’s ‘Inter-Allied Poppy scheme’ and the Remembrance Poppy emblem – The GWVA agreed to order 2 million of Madame’s poppies.

1921, July:           The G.W.V.A. sent a cablegram to Australia’s Returned Sailors and Soldiers’ Imperial League, encouraging Australia to follow its example.   (See 1921, Oct 29).

1921, July:           With success achieved with the G.W.V.A. at Port Arthur, Madame Guérin travelled to Toronto.   There, she began making preparations for selling poppies on “Warriors’ Day” (27 Aug) at the Canadian National Exhibition, in Toronto.  Sister Juliette Boulle and friend Blanche Berneron joined Anna there.

1921, 14 July:     Madame Guérin was staying at Queen’s Hotel in Toronto. Colonel Samuel A. Moffat (a former US Red Cross Commissioner and Chevalier de la Legion d ‘Honneur) was also at the same hotel.  He had done work for “La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amerique’ in France.   Madame Guérin was sending him to Australia and New Zealand … and, perhaps, South Africa … on her behalf – to promote her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme.

1921, 15 July:     Juliette Boulle and Blanche Berneron arrived at the Queen’s Hotel in Toronto.  They met G.W.V.A. Secretary Turley “to commence their work for the great sale of poppies”.

1921, 27 July:     In Winnipeg, Canada, the Women’s service League held a Poppy Day.   The League women had been making several thousand poppies for weeks. “The proceeds from the sale of these flowers will be used to help furnish the new club rooms for returned soldiers”.

1921, 31 July:     Madame Guérin spoke at a Memorial Service in Toronto, held for fallen comrades by the G.W.V.A.  branch ‘Todmorden’ … the “Evangel of the Poppy” …

1921, 05 Aug:     The Brisbane Telegraph (Australia) printed a Returned Sailors and Soldiers’ Imperial League’s annual congress (03-05 August) statement, relevant to Canada:  “SOLDIERS’ CONGRESS … THE POPPY.  It was decided; to accept a Canadian suggestion that the red poppy, so conspicuous on the fields of France, should be adopted as an international emblem on armistice day …”

1921, 06 Aug:    After meeting up with Madame Guérin in Toronto,  Colonel Samuel A. Moffat sailed from Vancouver, Canada … sent by Madame Guérin to promote her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ idea.   He visited Australia and New Zealand (and possibly South Africa, en route to Europe afterwards).

1921, 10 Aug?:   AROUND NOW, Madame Guérin left Canada to travel through the U.S.A., on to New York – to sail to Great Britain, to promote her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme.

1921, 27 Aug:     Juliette Boulle and Blanche Berneron, together with G.W.V.A. Auxiliary, were selling poppies on “Warriors’ Day” in Toronto.  Madame Guérin had left them in charge of arrangements.

1921, 27 Aug:     Madame Guérin’s representative, American Colonel Samuel A. Moffat arrived at the New Zealand Port of Auckland from Vancouver (on ship ‘Makura’) on the ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ mission.

1921, 29 Aug:     Madame Guérin arrived in Liverpool from New York, on ‘SS Albania’.  “Lecturer”.  The ‘Date of Arrival’ in Liverpool was given as “29Th AUGUST 1921” on the ship’s documentation, and The Scotsman’s ‘SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE’report, on 30 August 1921, states [sic]: “… CUNARD LINE: … Albania lands passengers Liverpool, 7.30 A.M., 30th; …”

Anna travelled immediately to London, by train?, to stay at the Piccadilly Hotel … she either immediately contacted Patron Prince of Wales?; President Earl Haig?; or British Legion HQ? OR she had already made contact ahead of arriving in London – by cablegram?   She was there to persuade the British Legion to adopt here ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ idea.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” Madame Guérin travelled at least 1024 miles, within Great Britain and France.

1921, 31 Aug:     It is reported that Col. George Crosfield asked Col. Edward Charles Heath DSO if he would meet Madame Guérin.   Madame probably met with both men as, when Col. Heath described Madame’s visit in later life, he recalled how:- “this little French lady visited headquarters and showed us some small artificial ‘poppies’ of a type then being made by French women and sold for the benefit of children in the devastated areas of France.”   The author doesn’t know if Anna Guérin met Earl Haig then.               

1921, Sept:        Sir Herbert Brown was sent to Paris by the British Legion, to verify the credentials of Madame Guérin and the existence of her fabric factories – Madame Guérin went with him.  He found all was well – the fabric was ready to go and the widows and orphans in the devastated areas of France would make the poppies.   Sir Herbert was asked to go back to Paris and order thousands of poppies.  British Legion finances were low and Madame Guérin offered to order the poppies for them, at her own expense.  Madame Guérin would be reimbursed after Armistice Day, once donations were in.   

1921, Sept:      In her 1941 Synopsis, Madame Guérin wrote about taking her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ idea to Italy and Belgium – perhaps she went on to those countries after Paris?

1921, 13 Sept:    Madame Guérin’s representative Colonel Samuel A. Moffat arrived in Melbourne from Wellington, New Zealand.  He did not need to persuade Australian veterans to adopt Madame Guérin’s ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ per se because they had already done that – he would just promote and make arrangements for poppy distribution leading up to 11 November.  For all Colonel Moffat’s known movements in Australia and New Zealand see Chapters 7c and 7e.

1921, 16 Sept:    By 16 September, the British Legion had adopted Madame Guérin’s ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme.  On 16 Sept., the Evening Post in Wellington (NZ) reported that the R.S.A. was considering a proposal  to “adopt the red poppy of Flanders as the national memorial flower” – which the American, Canadian, and English ex-service men’s organisations had already done.   

1921, 26 Sept:    New Zealand Dominion Executive of Returned Services’ Assoc. adopted the poppy. 

1921, 27 Sept:   On this day, the Great War Veterans’ Association (of Canada) received “a wire” from Madame Guérin stating that the British Legion had taken up the scheme that was her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ idea. (Front page of The Ottawa Citizen, 27 September 1921)

The Canadian Toronto Daily Star announced:  “TO WEAR FLANDERS POPPY.  Ottawa.  Sept. 27. – The custom of wearing a Flanders poppy on Armistice Day, as a memorial flower, will be inaugurated in Great Britain this year as well as in Canada, according to a cable received by the dominion command.”   N.B.  it was Madame Guérin who sent the cable.

1921, 01 Oct:      Madame Guérin LEFT LIVERPOOL FOR NEW YORK , on the White Line ship ‘Celtic’. 

1921, 07 Oct:      Aberdeen Journal (Scotland) printed an article headed “POPPY DAY” – reference to Madame Guérin originating the idea.

1921, 07 Oct:      It was reported that the British Legion National Executive was in communication with the British Government, with reference to 11 November being called “Remembrance Day”.

1921, 08 Oct:      The Winnipeg Tribune notified its readers that “Madame Blanche Berneron, of Paris, has paid a visit to Montreal and has arranged for the inauguration of a “Poppy Day, …” there.

1921, 10 Oct:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK from Liverpool.  She was going to join her sister at Kent Building, Toronto, Ontario – c/o Great War Veterans, Toronto.  She would promote ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ and attend Remembrance commemorations.

1921, 14 Oct:      Arbroath Herald and Advertiser for the Montrose Burghs (Scotland) edition for this day reported that the idea of wearing the poppy  “… was of French origin”.

DURING THIS COMING “TOUR OF DUTY” … it is estimated Madame Guérin travelled at least 4894 miles.

1921, 14 Oct:      Arbroath Herald and Advertiser for the Montrose Burghs (Scotland) edition for this day reported that the idea of wearing the poppy  “… was of French origin”.

1921, 17 Oct:      At some time during the week commencing 17 October, Madame Guérin attended the annual convention of the Great War Veteran’s Association in Port Arthur.

1921, 20 Oct:      Women from ‘The Princess Patricia’ Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire chapter in Winnipeg met in the evening to make poppies for Poppy Day – prior to a pending visit from Madame Guérin.

1921, 24 Oct:      Madame Guérin was in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.  She addressed the students of the Collegiate Institute and provincial Normal School “in furtherance of the sale of poppies” in the city on 11 November.  In the evening, Madame Guérin left for Winnipeg (350mls away) – after giving an interview to the local newspaper ‘The Morning Leader’.   Madame Guérin announced that she would award a silk French flag to the Regina school selling the largest number of poppies, in proportion to the number of students.  It would be the Cornwall School that would win it, “with a percentage of 3.03 poppies sold by each pupil”.

1921, 25 Oct:      Madame Guérin arrived in Winnipeg, Canada – to promote her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’.

1921, 26 Oct:      In Winnipeg, Madame Guérin was a luncheon guest of the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire & Great War Veteran’s Association’s women’s auxiliary at the Fort Garry Hotel – these women would spear-head Madame Guérin’s ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ in Winnipeg.

Madame Guérin left during the evening to go to Kansas City, Missouri – to attend the American Legion convention.  She had been officially invited to attend – to meet with French Marshal Ferdinand J. M. Foch, British Admiral David R. Beatty and Italian General Armando Diaz – but she was also going to fight for the poppy emblem, over the Legion’s intention to adopt the daisy instead.  This is some film footage of that Convention:  https://www.britishpathe.com/video/american-legion-convention

1921, 30 Oct:      Madame Guérin attended the American Legion Conference in Kansas City, Missouri (31 Oct. to 02 Nov. 1921), campaigning for the poppy. The American Legion repudiated the action taken in 1920 and changed their allegiance from the poppy to the daisy.   Madame Guérin returned to Canada afterwards.  However, the American Legion’s women’s Auxiliary kept the poppy as its emblem but did not agree to assist Madame Guérin in her 1922 poppy campaign.

1921, 07 Nov:    Madame Guérin was in Ottawa – it was Canada’s Thanksgiving Day but it had also been designated Remembrance Day.  It was reported that Madame Guérin marched with the Great War Veterans’s Association and laid a wreath at the commemorative pylon (temporary War Memorial) on Parliament Hill.  She was one of the VIP guests on the VIP platform and within the V.E.P. enclosure at the Memorial Service (accompanying Their Excellencies Lord and Lady Byng).

1921, Nov. 08:    Madame Guérin left Ottawa (at the conclusion of the city’s Poppy Day campaign), to return to Toronto for the Armistice Day commemorations.

1921, 09 Nov:    Madame Guérin returned to Toronto.  Toronto Star and Toronto Globe editions of this day reported the “G.W.V.A. Poppy Lady” was returning for Armistice Day. “She will present the G.W.V.A. wreath to the mayor on Friday to be placed on the cenotaph in front of the city hall.”

1921, 10 Nov:     Madame Guérin, the Toronto Daily Star reported “… who brought to Canada the idea and the poppies for the Poppy Day observance … on Armistice Day, is in the city.”   

1921, 11 Nov:     Madame Guérin was in Toronto, with sister Juliette – in the evening they attended a ball given by the Dreadnought chapter, I.O.D.E.    Blanche Berneron was in Vancouver. 

1921, 11 Nov:     The first British Poppy Appeal “… was so successful that the [British Legion] NEC’s thoughts turned to future Appeals.  It then took steps to register the design of the poppy to prevent the sale of unauthorised sale of imitation poppies.  Above all, arrangements were then made to manufacture poppies in the UK.”   (‘THE LEGION LETTER – RBL in France’ 2008)

1921, 11 Nov:     Madame Guérin, with sister Juliette, attended a brilliantly successful ball given by the Dreadnought chapter, I.O.D.E. at the King Edward Hotel in Toronto. 

1921, 06 Dec:      Mlle. Juliette Boulle and Mme Blanche Berneron sailed from Canada on Canadian Pacific ‘Sicilian’ – after helping to organise the Poppy distribution in Canada.  They went to Cuba to establish a “‘National Poppy Day Committee’ there.

13 Dec 1921:       A “Mr. S.A. Moffatt” arrived in Sydney, Australia from Wellington, New Zealand.

1921, 31 Dec:     Colonel Moffat sailed for England from Melbourne, Aust. on ‘Aeneas’ – it may have stopped at Durban (Port Natal) or Cape Town.  Did Colonel Moffat meet S. African veterans then?

1922:                   It has been found reported that, “early in 1922”, Madame Anna Guérin’s ‘American-Franco Children’s League’ was dissolved.   However, this may not be accurate because one of the League officers in France, Madame Lebon, has been found still communicating in her role, in Nov. 1923.  However, if the League did cease, Anna’s enthusiasm to encourage the Allied countries to continue with their poppy campaigns did not – she still wanted to make a difference.

1922, 08 Feb:      Madame Guérin was in Montreal, Canada – staying at The Windsor Hotel.   She was in Canada to sort out poppy money.

1922, 12 Feb:      Canada’s Toronto Globe edition for this day reports “a small portion of the poppies to be used next Armistice Day will be made by children in the French orphanages, but the bulk of the poppies will be the product of returned men out of work, it being the desire of Mlle. Guerin, who is in charge of arrangements, to alleviate the unemployment situation as far as possible.    

1922, 25 Feb:      Regarding aforementioned Mrs. Mercedes McAllister Smith, the Supreme Court directed her “to furnish a bill of particulars in her $200,000 slander suit against several defendants”. In Court details, Madame Anna E. Guérin was described as Originator of the National Poppy Days in the U. S. and Allied Countries”. 

1922, 15 Apr:      New Zealand’s ‘Auckland Star’: “Madame Guerin, “poppy lady of France”‘ and director of the French Children’s League, has cabled to the general secretary of the New Zealand Returned Soldiers’ Association, stating that she is forwarding him six French flags to be awarded to the six towns selling the poppies during the poppy campaign.”

1922, 24 Apr:     New Zealand’s first Poppy Day – the eve of Anzac Day.   The poppy contract with Madame’s League would endure until 1927.  Then, poppies were supplied by the Poppy Factory in Richmond, Surrey – until 1931, when New Zealand began to make its own poppies. 

1922, May:          The ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars’ and the ‘American War Mothers’ conducted the nationwide distribution of Madame Guérin’s French-made poppies.  

1922, 11 May:    Blanche Berneron addressed the Annual State Convention of the ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars’ in Richmond, In. – asking that ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ would run for years to come.

1922, 20 May:    Madame Guérin was, most probably, on board the White Star Line ship ‘S.S. Majestic’, which sailed this day for Cherbourg, France, from New York.  The Veterans of Foreign Wars’ Adjutant General Reuel W. Elton of V.F.W. and Robert S. Cain (Aide de Camp to V.F.W. Commander-in-Chief Robert G. Woodside) were on board and Madame was likely to have been with them.   Apparently, Commander-in-Chief Woodside was also on the ‘S.S. Majestic’.  All were to attend a ceremony in Paris on Memorial/Decoration Day.   The V.F.W. had the honour of laying of a wreath of poppies as the tribute of America at the tomb of the Unknown “Poilu” at the Arc de Triomphe.

1922, 22 May:    22-30 May inclusive – Poppy Week.  US Memorial Day.   The VFW conducted their first poppy distribution leading up to Memorial Day in 1922, becoming the first Allied veterans’ organization to organize a nationwide distribution.  Madame E. Guérin: “Founder of Poppy Day”.   (Norwich Bulletin, Connecticut/May 19, 1922)

1922, 23 May:    American Legion Daisy Day.  It had been a ‘Poppy Day’ in 1921.

ON AN UNKNOWN DATE, Madame Guérin ARRIVED BACK IN NEW YORK.

1922, 16 Oct:      16-20 Oct:  American Legion’s convention, in New Orleans, “repudiated the daisy as its official flower an again adopted the poppy.”   It realised how successful the V.F.W.’s Drive was?

1922, 11 Nov:     4th anniversary of Armistice Day.  Madame Guérin’s poppies were distributed within the countries of Canada (the final year of French-made poppies); Australia (Australia had French-made poppies until 1926, inclusive); and New Zealand (1929 was first year French-made poppies were not used).   Nothing is known as to whether Belgium and Italy were receiving Guérin poppies.

1922, 3 Dec:        Madame Guérin LEFT NEW YORK, to return to France  – to implement the order for poppies for the Veterans of Foreign Wars and American Legion.

1923, March:      It is reported that Madame Guérin brought 2 million French-made poppies into the U.S.A. for the Memorial Day campaigns of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion.

1923, May:         The American Legion conducted its first nationwide Poppy campaign, with French-made poppies.   The V.F.W. used some French-made poppies and “the balance was provided by a firm of artificial flower manufacturers in New York City.   It was during the 1923 campaign that the V.F.W. evolved the idea which resulted in the V.F.W. Buddy Poppy …”

1923, Nov:         1923 was quiet year for Madame Guérin (publicity-wise), although she still had to oversee poppy making for Australia and New Zealand.  It was discovered that she sent letters to the New Zealand and Australian veteran organisations.  The ‘Press’ newspaper in New Zealand reported that the Canterbury District Executive had received a French flag from Madame Guerin, the “Poppy Lady” of France, for presentation to the R.S.A. branch selling the most poppies prior to Anzac Day. The District Executive had decided that this flag should be presented to the Christchurch R.S.A.

1924, Feb:           The ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars’ organisation registered the name of “Buddy Poppy” with the U. S. Patent Office.

1924, 23 Feb:      Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on ship ‘Chicago’, for New York 

1924, 04 Mar:     Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  Occupation: None.   Nearest Relative or Friend:  Husband.  Mr. E. Guerin, at Vallon.    Final Destination: New York.

AT SOME POINT, Madame Guérin LEFT NEW YORK, U.S.A.,to return to France.

1924, 26 Nov:     Madame Guérin DEPARTED CHERBOURG, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.

1924, 03 Dec:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  Lecturer.  Housewife.  Nearest Relative was:  Husband.  Mr. Guerin.  Vallon, France.  Destination: New York.

1925, 14 Feb:      “Mr. Guerin” arrived in New York.  He was going to:  Wife, Mrs. E. Guerin, 45 W-55th Street, New York City.  Visiting for pleasure.   He departed Le Havre on 04 February 1952.

1925, June:         In 1925, Canada hosted a British Empire Services League* conference in Ottawa at which it was decided that the poppy would be adopted as the universal emblem of remembrance throughout the British Empire (*now known as the Royal Commonwealth Ex-Services League).   

AT SOME POINT, Madame Guérin LEFT NEW YORK, U.S.A., to return to France.

1926, 09 Jan:       Eugène Guérin arrived in New York from Le Havre, on ‘La Savoie’.Lawyer.  He was going to stay with sister-in-law Juliette Boulle, 45 W-55th Street, New York City.  Nearest relative:  Wife – Mrs. Anna Guerin, Vallon, France.  He departed Le Havre on 30 December 1925.

1926, 07 Apr:      Madame Guérin DEPARTED CHERBOURG, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.

1926, 14 Apr:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  Residence – Paris, France. Housewife.  She was visiting her sister Juliette. She would be “Staying until Decoration Day”.

1926, Nov:          The last year Australia used Madame Guérin’s French-made poppies.

1927, 30 Nov:     Madame Guérin DEPARTED CHERBOURG, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.

1927, 07 Dec:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  Residence – Vallon, France.  Housewife.  She was visiting sister Juliette.

1928, 15 Feb:      Madame Guérin DEPARTED CHERBOURG, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.

1928, 22 Feb:      Madame Guérin ARRIVED IN NEW YORK.  Lecturer.  Business.  Last Permanent Address:  Vallon.    Nearest Relative:  Husband: Mr. Guerin, 6 Rue Lalo, Paris, France.

1928, 13 Jun:      Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Majestic’, for New York.  

1928, 19 Jun:      Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Cherbourg, on ship ‘Majestic’.  Housewife.  Anne Guerin.  Last Permanent Address:  Vallon.   Going to visit sister Mlle. Boulle.  Nearest Relative:  Husband: E. Guerin, “Pres. Court of Appeal”, Vallon, Ardeche.

1928, Nov:           It has been found reported that the New Zealand contract with Madame Guérin to supply the poppies ran out in 1927 but contemporary newspapers prove that French-made poppies were supplied in 1928.  Thus, 1929 was the first year that no French-made poppies were used.

1929, 02 Jan:       Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Mauretania’, for New York.

1929, 11 Jan:       Madame Guérin arrived in New York.  Lecturer.  Last Permanent Address:  Paris.  Going to sister Juliette.

1929, 28 Aug:     Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Homeric’, for New York. 

1930, 08 Jan:      Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Ile de France’, for New York.

1930, 14 Jan:       Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Occupation:  None. Last Permanent Address:

Vallon.  Nearest Relative: Husband: Mr. E. Guerin, Vallon (Ardeche), France. Going to:  Friend:  Mr. James Gray, 160 East 56th Street, NY.

1931, 28 Jan:       Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Ile de France’, for New York.

1931, 03 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Le Havre.  Business.  Housewife.  Last Permanent Address: Paris, France.

1931, 15 May:    Gloucester Citizen advert:  “WANTED, Pupils for French Lessons by French Teacher, quick method, moderate price – Madame Guerin, 12, Cromwell Street, Gloucester.” (?)

1931:                  After pressure from the Canadian Legion, the Canadian parliament amended the Armistice Act – to set aside the eleventh November to pay tribute to those “who gave their lives that freedom might prevail.”   On Canada’s first national Remembrance Day (11 November 1919) 50,000 people stood on Quebec’s Parliament Hill, in the sun.

1933, 19 Jan:      Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Berengaria’, for New York.

1933, 25 Jan:      Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Le Havre.  H.Wife.  Last Permanent Address:  Paris. Nearest Relative: Husband: Eugene Guerin, 6 rue Lalo, Paris XVI, France.

1933, 10 May:    Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Berengaria’, for New York.

1933, 16 May:    Madame Guérin arrived in New York.   Housewife.  Nearest Relative: Husband: Eugene Guerin, 6 Rue Lalo, Paris, France.  Going to see: Sister Juliette.

1933, 06 Oct:      Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Europa’, for New York.

1933, 11 Oct:      Madame Guérin arrived in New York.  Antiquaire [Antiquarian].  Last Permanent Residence:   Paris, France. Nearest Relative: Husband: Eugene Guerin, 4 rue Claude Chahn, Paris, France. Where going:  French Antiques Co., 160 E 56th Street, New York City.

1934, 10 Feb:      Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Europa’, for New York.

1934, 16 Feb:      Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Occupation: “Private”.

1934, 09 Nov:     Northampton Mercury, England, reports on the ‘World Wide Appeal of Poppy Day’, mentioning Madame Guérin.

1935, 06 Nov:     Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship Britannic’, for New York.

1935, 14 Nov:     Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Residence: Paris, France. Housewife.   Nearest relative: Husband, Eugéne Guérin 6 Rue de Lalo, Paris.

1937, 05 Nov:     Northampton Mercury, England: “It was a French woman, Madame Guerin, who first thought that the poppy would make an appropriate emblem to sell in aid of ex-servicemen in distress”. 

1938, 23 Nov:     Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Champlain’, for New York. 

1938, 01 Dec:      Madame Guérin arrived in New York.  Housewife.  Last Permanent Address: USA, NYcy.   Going to her sister Juliette Boulle in NY.  Nearest relative: Daughter, Mrs. Julien, 4 rue Claude Chahu – Paris France.  (Eugène is not “nearest relative” – is he dead or are the couple estranged?)

1939, 03 Sept:    Great Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany.

1940, 19 May:    Madame Guérin departed Nazaire, Loire-Atlantique, France on ship ‘Champlain’, for New York.

1940, 27 May:    Madame Guérin arrived in New York.   Nearest relative: Daughter: Mrs. R. Julien, 4 Rue Claude Chahu – Paris.   Going to: Sister: J. Boulle, 686 Lexington Ave – New York City.   Mrs. R. Julien was Anna’s daughter Raymonde, née Rabanit.

1940, June:         Germans entered Paris and France signed an armistice with Germany.

1940 – 1945:        It is deduced that Madame Anna Guérin lived in New York City with sister Juliette, during all the World War Two years.

1941, 09 Feb:      Madame Guérin wrote to Moїna Michael on this day and enclosed a Synopsis she had written, to prove her claim to be “the originator of the Poppy Days”.

1945, 08 May:     Victory in Europe Day.

1945, July           Madame Guérin left United States of America (21 Nov. 1945 Passenger List fact).

1945, 21 Nov:     Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Edmund B Alexander’, for New York.               

1945, 29 Nov:     Madame Guérin arrived in New York:  Lecturer;  Last permanent address – New York City;  and she was joining sister Juliette Boulle at 257 3rd Avenue, New York City.

1946, 27 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.   Occupation:  Antiques Dealer. Nearest Relative: Sister Juliette Boulle at 3rd Avenue, New York.    Joining a friend or relative: “No. Returning home”.  Final Destination:  3rd Avenue, New York.  French Passport, expires 9.5.47.  If in US before:  Living there.  Intended date/port of departure: Permanently. Intended stay length:  Permanently.

1947, 25 Aug:     Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.  Occupation: Merchant (Antiques?).  Address: 957 3rd Street, New York.

1948, 29 Aug:     Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.  “GUERIN Born Boulle”.  Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.

1948, 11 Dec:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1949, 14 May:    Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1949, 03 Nov:     Air flight from Paris Orly to New York

1950, 04 Jan:       Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.  Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.  Anna Guérin was travelling with her married daughter Renée (Madame Renée Guibal née Rabanit).

1950, 28 Jan:       Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1950, 08 Feb:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. “Boulle Anna Guerin”.  Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.

1950, 19 May:    Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1950, 05 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.  Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.

1950, 31 Oct:      A ‘Life Claim Application’ for Madame Guérin is on file in New York

1950, 07 Dec:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1951, 05 Feb:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.  Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.   Anna Guérin was travelling with her married daughter Renée (Madame Renée Guibal née Rabanit).

1951, 06 Jun:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1951, 04 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.  Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.

1952, 07 Jun:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1952, 06 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1952, 05 Dec:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1953, 13 Mar:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1953, 28 May:    Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1953, 19 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1954, 24 Jun:      Air flight from Bermuda to New York.

1955, 12 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1956, 20 Sep:      Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.

1961, 16 Apr:      Madame Anna Guérin née Boulle died at Square Charles Dickens 5, Paris, Île-de-France, France – in the 16th arrondissement.   Anna was 83 years old.

1961, 16 Apr:       Madame Anna Guérin née Boulle was buried in Vallon.      


Next Chapter:

ME? … I DID NOT KNOW WHO PUT THE POPPY ON MY LAPEL