MADAME GUÉRIN : POPPY LADY : TIMELINE
A ‘Work in Progress’ List …
1878, 05 Feb: Anna Alix Boulle was born in Vallon (-Pont-d’Arc), Ardèche, Rhône-Alpes, France. She was born to French Protestant parents: Farm Proprietor Auguste Boulle and his wife Anna Granier. She was a second child, a first daughter.
1897, 06 Nov : Anna married Cuban-born/French National Paul Rabanit, in Vallon, Ardèche. Neither bridegroom nor bride had a stated profession. Paul was from Les Vans, less than 20 miles from Vallon.
1897: Anna went to Madagascar “as a bride”, and lived in Tamatave (Toamasina) – a port on the island’s north-east coast. Until c1909.
1898?: 1898-1909: Anna Rabanit began running her school (?) – Headmistress and/or Director.
1898, 22 Sept: Anna Rabanit attended a matinée dance given by the Governor General, after lunch. She was dressed in a black silk dress.
1898, 27 Sept: Anna Rabanit attended a ball given by the Governor General, for Tamatave “society” – she was named amongst the dancers mentioned.
1899, 22 Mar: By this date, Anna had applied to the Municipal Commission for a subsidy, for a Community Primary School that she was running – Ecole Rabanit.
1899, 06 Jun: Anna Rabanit’s school in Rue Nationale was within a list of Tamatave schools which appeared in the ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar ‘. It was 4th largest in the list of ten, with 41 pupils.
1899, 12 Apr: Official approval was announced for the above requested subsidy, in the local newspaper ‘Journal official de Madagascar et dependances’.
1899, 15 Nov: Anna’s school’s first presentation of prizes was reported upon. In the ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar’.
1900, 23 Feb: Anna’s first child, daughter Raymonde Laurestine, was born a French National, in Tamatave, Madagascar. Anna was an “institutrice” (schoolmistress); Paul a “Commerçant” (trader).
1900, 20 Sept: The ‘Journal Officiel de Madagascar’ printed a list which shows both Anna and Paul Rabanit as members of the ‘Alliance Française’ organisation, in Tamatave.
1900, 23 Dec: Anna Rabanit hosted her school’s prize-giving ceremony at the theatre hall –it was attended by a large crowd.
1901, 23 Feb: By this date, Ecole Rabanit had increased its pupil numbers. Together, Ecole Rabanit and Mme. Panon’s smaller school held 108 students, including 27 scholarship holders.
1901, 03 Aug: The primary school examinations for the certificate of study were held in Tamatave during the week ending 03 August 1901. Of the 11 pupils who were awarded, seven came from the Rabanit boarding school.
1901, 25 Aug: A ceremony was held at Anna’s boarding school ‘Pensionnat Rabanit’. The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ (29 August) printed an article about it.
1901, 28 Sept: FÊTES DE TAMATAVE : Anna’s daughter Raymonde attended a children’s fancy dress fête, as a “beautiful butterfly painted by hand with four wings painted gauze”.
1901, 12 Oct: FÊTES DE TAMATAVE : Anna ‘s sister Adeline, who Anna had brought to Madagascar to help run her school, attended a Grand Ball in Tamatave, as a lady from Arlés (Arlésienne).
1901, 02 Nov: Anna’s second daughter Renée Paule was born a French National, in Tamatave, Madagascar. Anna was an “institutrice” (schoolmistress), Paul was a “Commerçant” (trader).
1901, 26 Nov: It is proved in the Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances of this date that Anna and Paul Rabanit are living on rue Nationale, at No. 11. Paul Rabanit, trader, “requested the registration in the capacity as the owner, a property to which he said he wanted to give the name of Vallon, consisting of a bare land located in Tamatave, rue Nationale, province of Tamatave.” Until proved otherwise, it is deduced that Anna and Paul Rabanit had lived on rue Nationale since arrival.
1902, 15 Mar: Notice in the ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ that the property called ‘Vallon’ (located in rue Nationale, Tamatave), had a boundary fence erected in the February.
1902, 17 Jul: General Gallieni was given an official welcome into the port of Tamatave – “The boarding schools for young girls and boys of Mesdames Rabanit et …” was mentioned as attending.
1902, 24 Aug: Anna Rabanit held a distribution of prizes to her students at the municipal theatre in Tamatave. The Rabanit school was described as an establishment of “special stature”.
1902, 21 Sept: Anna’s Rabanit daughters, Raymonde and Renée attended an Infants Festival at Tamatave. Organised by Gouverneur Général and Madame Gallieni – who received the guests.
1903, 10 Jan: Anna’s sister Adeline Berthe Boulle married Jean Gérald Moreau, in Tamatave. Jean was a “géomètre geographie”, a geological surveyor.
1903, 19 Jul: Anna was named as someone attending a day at the races at l’Hippodrome des Manguiers, Tamatave.
1903, 01 Aug: The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced that Eugène Guérin had been appointed to a post near Diego-Suarez, Madagascar (future second husband of Anna).
1903, 23 Aug: Anna Rabanit held a distribution of awards to her boarding school students. “The local theatre was packed, because everyone had wanted to give to Mrs Rabanit further proof of acknowledgement.”
1903, 26 Aug: The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ reported on School Prize Days, Anna Rabanit’s boarding school being mentioned.
1903, 13 Sept: Eugène Guérin arrived in Diego-Suarez, Madagascar, to take up his position.
1903, 25 Sept: Anna Rabanit attended a beautiful soirée in Tamatave, given in honour of the Gouverneur Général Gallieni and his family at Tamatave – at which all of “elegant society” attended. Anna’s dramatic role during the interlude-concert was Cléo de Mérode (1875-1966)-a French dancer of the ‘Belle Époque’. Anna was one of Tamatave’s (even, of Madagascar’s?) ‘société élégante’ …
1903, 04 Oct: Anna’s daughters Raymonde and Renée took part in a children’s festival, Tamatave, organised by Gouverneur Général and Madame Gallieni – who received the guests.
1903, 13 Dec: It was reported that Madame Rabanit “justly esteemed and whose House of education is notoriously the premier one of our city” was not able to distribute the prizes at her annual gathering at the Municipal Theatre. However, she would be organising a fête by the end of the month.
1904, 16 Feb: ‘Le Madagascar’ publication printed an article about the success of Anna Rabanit’s boarding school.
1904, 02 Mar: “Four young girls, students of Mrs. Rabanit private school, have registered and passed the tests; all four were accepted and classed …”
1904, 04 May: The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ reported on local schools and Anna Rabanit’s boarding school ‘École Rabanit’ warranted a couple of passages.
1904, 26 Jun: ‘Le Madagascar’ publication announced a leave of absence of six months for Anna Rabanit. It is learnt in a future news article that this was due to poor health.
1904, 03 Jul: It was reported that a most promising pupil of Anna Rabanit, the 13 year old Eugène Bang (son of the Norwegian Consul to Madagascar), was to go to the nearby island of La Réunion – for an examination, normally undertaken by 16 year olds.
1904, 04 Sept: ‘Le Madagascar’ publication printed this short piece, showing that Miss Courtois was looking after Anna’s school well.
1904, 30 Oct: ‘Le Madagascar’ paper printed an article headed “Beau succès” .. “Great Success” … it enlightened readers that Anna’s pupil, aforementioned Eugène Bang, had been successful in the primary examinations at La Réunion.
1905, 06 Apr: Anna Rabanit (amongst others) had arrived back at Tamatave after her leave.
1905, 25 Jun: The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ printed a short notice about Eugène Guérin moving from Diego-Suarez to become Deputy Judge of the Court of Tamatave.
1907, 01 Mar: By decree, proposed for the médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms).
1907, 15 Apr: Divorce proceedings were finalised between Anna and Paul Rabanit. Anna is living in Tamatave and her occupation is a schoolmistress (“institutrice”). Paul is now living in the Masoa district of Vatomandry and is a “prospecteur” (?gold or gemstones).
1907, 01 May: Announced in newspaper that Anna awarded médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms), one of the youngest people to hold the award. It is reported that General Galliéni presented Anna with her médaille Officier d’Académie (Silver Palms). It was granted for helping the General to “bring customs and civilisation to Madagasca, particularly by her writing and organisation work.” (Port Arthur ‘News Chronicle’, 05 July 1921). On an unknown date, Anna was awarded the médaille Officier de l’instruction publique.
1907, 22 Jun: The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced that: “Mr. Guérin, substitute judge, in Tamatave, was appointed lieutenant judge in Dakar.”
1907, 27 Jul: The ‘Journal officiel de Madagascar et dépendances’ announced: that Mr. Guérin, had been appointed as lieutenant judge Dakar, French Senegal.
1907, 18 Aug: Bulletin officiel de Madagascar et de ses dépendances (01 Aug) reported that Mme Rabanit (teacher) had been given a three-month convalescence leave, to enjoy in France.
1909, 14 Sept: Anna Rabanit left her professional position in Tamatave.
1909/10: Left Madagascar and returned to France.
1910, 17 Oct: Anna married Constantin Charles Eugéne Guérin. Occupation: Justice of the Peace. Eugéne was resident at: “Paris 8th” (8th arr.) but “residing in Kayes (French West Africa). He became an Interpreter at a German POW Camp (Camp des Prisonniers de Guerre Alsacien-Lorrain, Saint Rambert-sur-Loire) in France during World War One.
1911, 02 Apr: Anna’s two daughters Raymonde and Renée were found to be pupils at the private girls’ boarding school Girton House School, Ealing, Middlesex, England: UK 1911 Census. Madame E. Guérin lectured in Great Britain over four years, under the auspices of the Alliance Français. Husband Eugéne Guérin continued to work in West Africa.
1911, 14 Nov: Madame E. Guérin gave a lecture at Bedford Grammar School on the afternoon of the 14th. The lecture was given in French, on Madagascar. The lecture was illustrated by portraits and limelight views.
1911, 23 Dec: A lecture at Hastings & St. Leonards Ladies’ College, on Madagascar.
1912, 09 Nov: Madame Guérin gave a lecture in the evening to the French society ‘Les Amis des Annales’ at the Gartshore Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland. Her subject was Marie Antoinette and the lecture would have done under the auspices of the Alliance française, as with her other lectures.
1912, 23 Nov: An advertisement in ‘Bath Chronicle & Weekly Gazette’: “ASSEMBLY ROOMS, BATH : ‘The Celebrated French Lecturer’ : Mme. E. Guérin : (who has already given 400 French Artistic Lectures all over England) will give : THREE FRENCH ARTISTIC LECTURES (in Costume of the Period) : From 3 to 4 p.m., … Wednesdays : NOV. 27th, DEC. 18th, and JAN. 22nd. …”
1912, 27 Nov: Anna Guérin gave her 1st lecture (of a series of 3) at the Bath Assembly Rooms – headed ‘Jeanne d’Arc, Heroine and Martyr’. “… it was noticed that many were moved to tears by the touching recital.”
1912, 03 Dec: Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture in Edinburgh, the subject being “Les Impératrices de France” – Josephine and Marie Louise, wives of Napoleon.
1912, 18 Dec: Madame Guérin gave her 2nd lecture in Bath – at Bathwick Ladies School. The subject of the lecture was ‘Heroines of the French Revolution’.
1913, 22 Jan: Madame Guérin gave her 3rd and last lecture in Bath – at Bathwick Ladies School. The subject of the lecture was ‘The Empresses of France. The wives of Napoleon – Josephine and Louise Marie’.
1913, 15 Feb: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Gartshore Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland. The subject of her lecture was “La Princesse de Lamballe and Mme. Vigée-Lebrun, two friends of Marie Antoinette.”
1913, 27 Jun: The Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer reported on a future lecture to be given by Madame Guérin at the Central Secondary School/Secondary Girls School in Hull. A protest was made against the fee of three guineas. The protest found no support. It was noted that lectures by Madame Guérin had already taken place at the Hymers College and Grammar School in Hull.
1913, 07 Jul: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Derby Municipal Secondary School. The lecture was on ‘Marie Antoinette’.
1913, 13 Nov: Anna gave a lecture at Girls’ High School, Derby.
1913, 05 Dec: ‘The Luton Times and Advertiser’ reported on an invitation lecture given by Madame Guérin at the home of Madame Hatton-Edwards, of The Rookery, Stevenage (date unknown). Subject was Marie Antoinette.
1913, 13 Dec: Madame Guérin gave a lecture in the evening at the ‘New Cafe’, St. Andrew’s Square, Edinburgh. (The Scotsman, 13 December 1913).
1914: ‘13/’14 winter: During that winter (on a date unknown), the pupils of Irvine House School in Derby had “ … much enjoyed a topographical lantern lecture, and two lectures delivered in French by Madame Guérin. …” (Derby Daily Telegraph, 08 May 1914)
1914, 13 Jan: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Common Hall of Victoria College, Belfast – on Marie Antoinette.
1914, 14 Jan: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at The Lodge, Fortwilliam Park, at 1 p.m. in the afternoon. The subject was advertised as “Episode Dramatique de la Grande Revolution” – concentrating on Marie Antoinette.
1914, 14 Jan: Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture at the Municipal Technical Institute in Belfast. The subject was Napoleon Bonaparte and was entitled “Les Légendes de l’Aigle Napoléon”.
1914, 03 Feb: Madame Guérin gave second lecture at the Bede Collegiate Schools in Sunderland. Attired as Josephine Bonaparte, Madame’s lecture subject appears to have covered Napoleon, the French Revolution etc. At the end of lecture it was stated that Anna was “now going to America”.
1914, 23 Mar: Anna Guérin gave a lecture at the Maynard School, Exeter – on Marie Antoinette. The lecture addressed Marie Antoinette’s youth; arrival in France; “her gaieties and escapades”; and the “grim tragedy of the Revolution”. “She had, she observed, given French lectures in some 640 schools ….” (used the pseudonym of “Sarah Granier”. Throughout England, Madame was often proclaimed “the Sarah Bernhardt of the lecture platform” (Sarah Berndhart was a French stage and early film actress). “Granier” was Madame’s mother’s maiden surname.
1914, 28 Jun: In Sarajevo, Archduke Ferdinand (heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne) was assassinated.
1914, 02 Aug: Germany invaded France.
1914, 04 Aug: Britain declared war on Germany. Empire countries enter the war with Britain. At the time, Madame’s Judge/Lawyer/Advocate husband Eugéne was said to be an “Attaché at the World Fair of Lyon” after having just “returned from an official mission to the Congo”.
1914, 03 Oct: Anna left Liverpool, on ‘Lusitania’ and arrived in New York on 09 October. “Lady Lecturer”. Nearest Relative: E. Guerin, 33 rue Franklin, Lyon, France. This was Madame’s first sailing across the Atlantic. Her daughters are still at boarding school, “under the supervision of her aged mother.” Anna was going to destination: St. Regis Hotel, New York City. She began speaking under the auspices of the Alliance Français but for the benefit of the Red Cross. Anna crossed the Atlantic 9 (nine times) between the British declaration of war and the Treaty of Versailles.
1914, 23 Nov: Madame Guérin was in Wilmington, Delaware. She gave a lecture at the Misses Hebb’s School for Girls. It was at a meeting of the Alliance Française, held at 3.30 p.m. Her subject covered the lives of Charlotte Corday, Marie Antoinette and Madame Roland. Madame Guérin donated half the proceeds of her lecture to wives and children suffering in France whilst their men had left for war. This could have been Madame Guérin’s first lecture, after arriving in the U.S.A.
1914, 01 Dec: Madame Guérin gave a lecture in French at Rumford Hall, 50 East Forty-first street, New York City at 8.15 p.m. This was an important lecture, jointly organised by New York’s Museum of French Art and its ‘Joan of Arc Statue Committee’. It was probably a fund-raising event for the Committee.
1914, 07 Dec: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Waldorf Hotel in New York. During that afternoon, Madame Guérin “appeared” as Jeanne d’Arc.
1914, 08 Dec: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at a “prominent girls school at Ossining” in New York State. Perhaps it was the private ‘Girls High School’?
1914, 14 Dec: The New York Tribune printed a large feature article about Anna. It was an article entitled “The Women Of France Have Always Been Feminists” and appears to have been written after a critic had attended a lecture about Jeanne d’Arc, given by Anna. The article may have been reviewing one or other of the lectures given on 01 or 07 December 1914 – it does not give the venue.
1914/15: It is reported that Eugène Guérin enlisted soon after World War One broke out. At the beginning, he was an interpreter at ‘Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine’ à Saint-Rambert-sur-Loire, which opened in 1914.
1915, 05 Feb: Splinters Rogers Hall School, Lowell, Massachusetts – lecture on Marie Antoinette.
1915, 6 Feb: During the first week of February, week-ending Saturday 6 February 1915, Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the College of St. Elizabeth, in Morristown, New Jersey – on Marie Antoinette and the Court of Louis XV.
1915, 08 Feb: Madame Guérin lectured at the Boston High School, as Marie Antionette. The Boston Daily Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on this date reported on it.
1915, 12 Mar: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Abbot Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. ‘Impersonation of Marie Antoinette’.
1915, 22 Mar: Madame Guérin gave a lecture (under the auspices of the ‘Alliance Francaise’ for the benefit of the Red Cross) at the Hotel Stratfield in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
1915 Spring: ‘The Fatherless Children of France’ was reportedly organized in Paris. Madame Anna Guérin fundraised for the fatherless children of France – she was not an official representative of ‘The Fatherless Children of France’ organisation.
1915, 13 April: Madame Guérin lectured at the Catherine Strong Hall, NY. On 11 April 1915, The Democrat and Chronicle of Rochester, New York (11 April) informed its readers ahead of the event.
1915, May (?): Madame Guérin lectured at Swarthmore College, Penns. “before she returned to France”- for the benefit of French widows and orphans.
1915, 03 May: Canadian Major John McCrae M.D. wrote the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’. Jack (John H. Ballinger: Regional Councillor for Uxbridge, Ontario, Canada) knew Cy (Cyril) Allinson; he used to sit at the ‘Bullshit Table’ at the (Uxbridge) Legion and tell the poem story. At the time Jack thought it was like most of the stories the table was named for, but later realized it was true. When McCrae threw the poem away, it was Cy who retrieved it and gave it to his commanding officer. So without Cy, the poem would have been lost!
1915, May: Madame Guérin “lectured in the USA from October to May, being in France from May to October helping the people of her district. Week after week she lived near the trenches, in order, she says, to renew her courage at the real source – by the unquenchable courage of the poilus” (The Port Arthur News Chronicle edition of 05 July 1921)
AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE ……
1915, Sept: Madame Guérin and daughter Raymonde arrived in New York on an unknown date.
1915, 30 Sept: Anna’s daughter Renée arrived in New York – to join her, and assist in some lectures.
1915, 24 Oct: Madame Guerin gave a lecture at Mount Saint Mary’s College, in Watchung, New Jersey on Joan of Arc/Jeanne d’Arc.
1915, 01 Nov: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at an Alliance Française meeting, held at the Misses Hebb’s school in Wilmington, Delaware. She spoke on “The Salon of Madame de Rambouillet and the Court of Louis XIV. She wore a reproduction of a costume of Mlle. de la Valleri.
1915, 06 Nov: Madame Guérin gave lecture at Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania – on Marie Antoinette. ‘The Bryn Mawr Alumnae Quarterly’ (published by Bryn Mawr College) reviewed.
1915, 12 Nov: Madame E. Guérin gave an “illustrated lecture” on Jeanne d’Arc in Washington DC.
1915, 15 Nov: Madame Guérin gave a “Conference, Artistique” – it was entitled “Le Salon de Mme. de Rambouillet la cour de Louis XIV” at Bridgeport, Conn. Bridgeport evening farmer, Oct 30, 1915
1915, 18 Nov: Madame Guérin appeared in Wilmington, Delaware: “for the first time on the Atlantic coast to speak on her visit to liberated France. … It is of the children of this country the noted French woman will speak to the New-Century Club members … …”
1915, 03 Dec: Madame Guérin gave another lecture at Abbot Academy in Andover, Mass. “Mlle. Raymonde” was with her. “… a Phillips youth was heard to say that she spoke so entertainingly that he hardly glanced at the fair Abbot girls, whom he at first intended to watch.”
1915, 06 Dec: Madame Guérin lectured at the Rogers Hall School in Lowell, Mass. again. It was a lecture on Jeanne d’Arc.
1915, 08 Dec: Physician Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae (from Guelph, Ontario) wrote the now-famous war poem called ‘In Flanders Fields on 03 May 1915, whilst serving with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Belgium. McCrae was not really happy with his work and he threw it away. However, Canadian comrade Cy(ril) Allinson retrieved it & handed it to an officer. This officer, in turn, sent it off to England. ‘The Spectator’ rejected it but ‘Punch’ published on 08 December 1915.
1916, 25 Jan: The Ogden Standard, Utah reported on the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ society (‘Orphelinat des Armées’). “One hundred years ago France came to the assistance of the young American Republic; today the Republic of France calls on America through the voice of each of her sons dying in the cause of freedom: “I give my life. Will you help my little ones?”
1916, 27 Jan: Madame Anna Guérin’s first husband, Paul Rabanit, died at Tamatave, Madagascar – it was noted that “whilst alive” he was a “prospector at Ampitabe (Mahanoro)” in Madagascar.
1916, 03 Feb: Madame Guérin lectured at the ‘Normal School’, Oshkosh, Wisconsin – on Marie Antoinette. The capacity of the auditorium was to its limits.
1916, 10 Feb: Madame Guérin lectured at the University of Illinois, Chicago.
1916, 11 Feb: Madame Guérin arrived to lecture at University Auditorium, Columbia, Missouri. The lecture was about the three heroines of the French Revolution. Mention of a daughter assisting.
1916, 16 Feb: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Fraser Hall, University of Kansas, Lawrence.
1916, 17 Feb: Anna Guérin gave a reading at University of Illinois: “DRAMATIC READING: MADAME GUERIN (under the auspices of the Alliance Francaise), “Three victims of the French Revolution: Madame Roland, Marie Antoinette and Charlotte Corday.””
1916, 01 Mar: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Pennsylvania College for Women in Pittsburgh, with Marie Antoinette … with a daughter.
1916, 02 Mar: Madame Guérin lectured in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Profits went to the ‘Orphelins de la Guerre’. Mention of a daughter acting as a page. (Pittsburgh Daily Post, 27 Feb).
1916, 03 Mar: Madame Guérin gave a lecture in Altoona, Pennsylvania.
AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE ……
1916, 26 Sep: Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Bordeaux, on ship ‘Rochambeau’. Lecturer. With her 16 yr old daughter Raymonde Rabinit. Going to stay at Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York. Nearest relative: “husband. Guerin. Interpreter Camp des Prisonniers Alsacien-Lorraine à Saint-Rambert” (-sur-Loire) – a Camp for German POW’s, mostly from Alsace/Lorraine. Husband Eugéne Guérin was born in Guebwiller, Alsace = ideal French citizen for interpreter.
1916, Oct: Eugéne Guérin commenced duties for France in Africa. By 26 June 1918, he had “… been twenty months in the center of Africa, settling German business for the French government”.
1916, 04 Dec: Madame Guérin lectured in Pittsburg again. ‘The Sorosis’ publication of the Pennsylvania College for Women Sorosis Pennsylvania College for Women – lecture on Jeanne d’Arc. Mention of a daughter assisting.
1916, 9 Dec: Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture on Jeanne d’Arc at Miss Cowles’ School, Highland Hall, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania.
1917 & 1918: Madame Guérin was on a New York list of speakers. Annual Catalogue & Circular of The Elmira College, New York.
1917;’18;’19: Madame Guérin was found on the list of “Principal Speakers Who Made Addresses in Missouri Under the Direction of the Patriotic Speakers’ Bureau, State Council of Defense 1917. 1918. 1919”.
1917, 24 Jan: Madame E. Guérin delivered a lecture in the concert hall of the St. Cecilia Academy in Nashville, Tennessee.
1917, 12 Feb: 12/13/14: Madame Guérin gave a lecture (on either 12; 13; or 14 Feb) at the Sophie Newcombe College in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1917, 16 Feb: Madame E. Guerin gave a lecture in Decatur, Atlanta, Georgia.
1917, 19 Feb: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Saint Genevieve’s College in Asheville, North Carolina. The day before, an advertisement appeared in the Asheville Citizen – mentioning her two medals and daughter “Mlle Raymonde Guerin”. The ‘Asheville Citizen’ reviewed the lecture.
1917, 04 Apr: USA declared war with Germany.
1917, 12 Apr: Madame Guerin gave an evening lecture about Marie Antoinette – at the Elmira College chapel, Elmira, New York.
AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE ……
1917, 25 Oct: Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Bordeaux, France – on ship ‘La Touraine’. Lecturer. Last Permanent Address: Vallon. Nearest Relative: Mother: Mrs. Auguste Boulle, Vallon, Ardeche, France. She was joining her sister! ”Martha Boulle”, Washington Hotel, NY City – Juliette.
1917, Nov: In France, the Committee of the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ was re-organised under the title of ‘Fraternite Franco-Americaine’. Marshall Joffre became President.
1917, Dec: First Bulletin from the ‘Fraternite Franco-Americaine’ Paris office.
1917, 07 Dec: USA declared war with Austria-Hungary.
1918: Madame Guérin was fundraising for Victory Loan/Red Cross/French charities.
1918, 31 Jan: Madame Guérin was in Natchez, Mississippi. She was accompanied by Frenchman Robert Oliveau (Arbour). At 1 o’clock, they spoke at the Baker Grand Theatre and, in the evening, they spoke at the Cathedral Hall – for the benefit of French soldiers (Class 2) – soldiers who had been invalided out of the French army; who were incapacitated for work; but who were not eligible for pensions..
1918, 08 Feb: Madame Guérin was in Vicksburg, Mississippi. She was accompanied by Robert Oliveau (Arbour). They both gave lectures in the afternoon (3 p.m.) at the Bijou Dream Theatre, Vicksburg, Mississippi, for the benefit of French soldiers (Class 2).
1918, 09 Feb: Still in Vicksburg, Madame Guérin addressed school children at the Carnegie Library, at 11 a.m. At 8 p.m. Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour both spoke at the Carnegie Library. They had planned to speak the evening before (8th Feb) at the Bijou Dream Theatre but, out of courtesy to Sergt. Verne Marshall (who was to speak the same evening at the Walnut Street Theatre) they had changed their plans.
1918, 10 Feb: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour arrived in Shreveport, Louisiana. That evening, they spoke at the City Hall auditorium, for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions (Class 2).
1918, 11 Feb: Still in Shreveport, Madame Guérin visited several schools in the morning, to offer invitations to attend talks given by her and French Adjutant Robert Oliveau (Arbour) – one being the State Normal School. Madame also gave an informal talk at the Elks Home, Shreveport to lady bridge players of the Shreveport Chapter, Red Cross – ahead of their game session. In the afternoon, Madame Guerin visited St. Mary’s Convent and St. Vincent’s Academy “to extend her invitation [to her forthcoming lectures] and to delight the gracious sisters with her talk to them in the native tongue of the majority”.
1918, 12 Feb: 3.30 p.m. Madame Guérin gave a special matinee lecture to school children and their mothers etc, in the Shreveport City Hall. 8 p.m: Madame Guérin gave a lecture in French under auspices of the French Mutual Aid and Benevolent Society of Shreveport at City Hall Auditorium, Shreveport.
1918, 14 Feb: Madame Guérin arrived in Alexandria, Louisiana. At 3 p.m., Madame Guérin spoke to the ladies of the Rapides Chapter American Red Cross headquarters in Alexandria, Louisiana “in the interests of the wounded and helpless soldiers of France”.
1918, 15 Feb: 8 p.m: Madame Guérin and Adjutant Robert Arbour both spoke at the City Hall in Alexandria, Louisiana.
1918, 16-18 Feb: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour must have lectured in Memphis and Dallas during this period.
1918, 19 Feb: Madame Guérin was in San Antonio, Texas. She was accompanied by Robert Arbour, Adjutant of French 9th Regiment Tirailleurs. Anna Guérin, together with Adjutant Arbour, gave a lecture at the College of Our Lady of the Lake. They were in Texas to fundraise on behalf of the ‘French Invalids Class 2’ and fundraising for the US Loan Scheme.
1918, 20 Feb: 20th-24: Madame Guérin was in Houston, Texas. Sent by the French government, Anna Guérin gave a series of five fund-raising lectures in Houston, Texas. She was accompanied by Robert Arbour. Anna’s sister Juliette Boulle was also present, assisting.
1918, 8 Mar: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour arrived in Marshall, Texas. In the evening, the pair both spoke at the City Hall for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions.
1918, 9 Mar: Madame Guérin and Adjutant Arbour lectured at Texarkana City Hall in Texas.
1918, 10 Mar: Madame Guérin was informally presented to the club women of Marshall, Texas at the Hotel Marshall, between 4 and 5p.m. She lectured at the City Hall in the evening, again for the invalided French soldiers.
1918, 12 Mar: Madame Guérin had arrived in Little Rock, Arkansas. She gave an interview with the Daily Arkansas Gazette. Adjutant Arbour accompanied her.
1918, 13 Mar: Anna Guérin spoke at Little Rock City Hall, with Adjt. Robert Arbour, in the evening.
1918, 14 Mar: Anna Guérin spoke in Little Rock’s Hotel Marion Auditorium, in the evening.
1918, 14 Mar: Madame Guérin and Robert Arbour were in Little Rock, Arkansas. They gave addresses at the Hotel Marion, in the evening – for the benefit of invalided French soldiers without pensions.
1918, 25 Mar: Madame Guérin arrived in Muskogee, Oklahoma (Muskogee Times-Democrat 25.3.18).
1918, 27 Mar: Madame Guérin made a fundraising speech in Muskogee, with Adjutant Arbour.
1918, 05 Apr: Poppy Drive by women in New York. “The poppy drive in Wall Street yesterday afternoon, when women sold poppies – artificial – to plethoric brokers netted $2,000.” NY Tribune 06.4.1918 & The Sun.
1918, 08 Apr: Madame Guérin gave a lecture in Tulsa, Oklahoma, with French Adjutant ‘Robert Arbour’ – for the benefit of French war invalids, No 2 class – non-pensionable invalided soldiers, who can no longer work. (Morning Tulsa Daily World, 09 Oct. 1918).
1918, May: Madame Guérin spent “a few weeks” in “Kansas City and other parts of Missouri”.
1918, 20 May: The second Kansas Red Cross Drive was officially held between 20 & 27 May 1918 – although it appears to have embodied a few days either side of that period too. “This drive set a goal of collecting $100,000,000. They exceeded the goal by 70%.” The first Red Cross Drive appears to have taken place during December 1917.
1918, 03 Jun: Kansas City, Kansas. Madame Guérin was in the city for speech that week. “She was in Kansas City during the recent Red Cross drive. … In one day during that drive she made nineteen speeches and raised $32,000 in territory that had already been canvassed.” (The Leavenworth Times, Kansas 19 June 1918)
1918, 06 Jun: The Kansas City Kansan reviewed the speech. Madame wore “a simple tailor-made suit, modelled after the French soldiers’ uniform and a hat of the same material.”
1918, 06 Jun: New York’s ‘Evening World’ reported that American soldiers “decorated their steel helmets with poppies from the fields”, before going into battle at Veuilly-la-Poterie, France.
1918, 09 Jun: Anna gave a lecture at the Grand Avenue church in Great Bend, Kansas.
1918, 10 Jun: Major Joseph Theodore Buddecks, representing Madame Guérin, was in Topeka, Kansas making plans prior to her visit to Topeka on 24 June.
1918, 11 Jun: Major Joseph Theodore Buddecke was in Wichita, Kansas – making arrangements for Madame’s return visit to lecture on June 26 & 27. Major Buddecke “of New York” (formerly of New Orleans); Publisher; Publicity Director of ‘Society Talk’; and on Governor’s staff of Louisiana.
1918, 14 Jun: Flag Day in the U.S.A. Baxter Springs Tabernacle, Kansas: Madam E. Guérin spoke at a patriotic meeting there. She told chiefly of conditions among the French people during the present war. No admission fee.
1918, 17 Jun: Madame Guérin was in Neosho, Missouri, to give a speech re orphans at the High School, Monday evening. No charges for speeches. She was lecturing for French orphans under “the sanction/direction of the French government”, through the American Red Cross Society.
1918, 18 Jun: Madame Guérin gave a speech in Emporia, Kansas. Insight into Anna’s magnetism can be gleaned from a long review of it in The Emporia Weekly Gazette on 20 June 1918.
1918, 19 Jun: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Congregational church in Aurora, Missouri.
1918, 21 Jun: Madame Guérin spoke in Leavenworth, Kansas. The Commercial Club bore the cost of Anna’s expenses.
1918, 23 Jun: Madame Guérin was back in Emporia, Kansas – she spoke at the Albert Taylor Hall.
1918, 24 Jun: On 24/25, Madame Guérin was due to be in Topeka, Kansas but a misunderstanding about her official standing meant that the original plans were cancelled. She was representing Red Cross but she was also believed to be representing the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ organisation but, in fact, she was speaking on behalf of fatherless children of France.
Plans for Madame Guérin to speak in Wichita, Kansas on 26/27 were also threatened but Madame Guérin went to Wichita on 24 and lectures were arranged for 27th – once the misunderstanding was resolved.
1918, 26 Jun: Madame E. Guérin spoke to the Lincoln Commercial Club at noon instead.
1918, 27 Jun: Madame Guérin spoke at 10 a.m. at Wichita City Library. A luncheon was given for her at the Witchita club. At 1 p.m., she spoke to the members of the Co-operative club at the Wichita Club and, at 3p.m., she spoke to the women of the Eastern Star Red Cross auxiliary at the Rorabaugh work rooms.
1918, 29 June: Madame Guérin was in Hutchinson, spoke from the balconies of the Rorabaugh-Willey, Curtis and Pegues-Wright stores for five minutes each – on conditions in France and the French orphans.
1918, 30 June: Madame Guérin spoke at the Hutchinson Convention Hall in the afternoon and the Royal Theatre in the evening. All the money raised went direct to the American Red Cross in Washington D.C.
1918, 31 Jun: Madame Guérin gave an evening lecture at the Auditorium in Topeka, Kansas.
1918, 01 Jul: Madame Guérin was in Salina, Kansas for fundraising. She spoke at a large meeting at the Claflin Hall and the First Methodist church. Anna left on 02 July, heading for Nebraska.
1918, 03 Jul: Madame Guérin made a stirring- appeal … 9.30a.m. lecture at the State University convocation and noon at Lincoln Commercial club.
1918, 01 Aug: Update to Wichita visit: “The Scouts have sold $8,964.25 worth of War Saving stamps in the past five weeks and rendered great service in the collection of Red Cross funds at various theatres after addresses delivered by Mme. Guerin.”
1918, Sept: Moїna Michael began volunteering for the Y.M.C.A. Overseas Secretaries in New York
1918, 02 Sept: ?Madame Guérin may have arrived in Lincoln, Nebraska – a few days ahead of the State Fair.
1918, 05 Sept: Madame Guérin and sister Juliette Boulle attended the Nebraska State Fair. “The Red Cross, Food For France organisation, YM. & Y.W. War Fund and National League for Service are gathered together fraternally … Anna Guérin “sold buttons at ten cents apiece” = boutonnières.
1918, 06 Sept: Madame Guérin was in Lincoln, Nebraska -principal speaker at a mass meeting at the city auditorium. It was connected to the American defense society.
1918, 12 Sept: The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) under General John J. Pershing launched their first major offensive in Europe as an independent army.
1918, 17 Sept: Madame Guérin still in Lincoln – to canvass for the Fourth Liberty loan campaign.
1918, 28 Sept: The Fourth Liberty loan campaign began in Lincoln, Nebraska. Madame Guérin was one of the principal speakers.
1918, 03 Oct: Madame Guérin spoke at Denton and Emerald during the afternoon – approx. 13 miles S.W. and 9 miles west of Lincoln, respectively. In the evening, Madame Guérin spoke at Prairie Home (approx. 10 miles NE of Lincoln) and at Union college.
1918, 04 Oct: Madame Guérin spoke to students at Cotner University (at convocation) and, in the evening, she “addressed the people of University Place at the First Methodist church.
1918, 05 Oct: Madame Guérin spoke Hickman at 3 o’clock and at Firth at 8 o’clock – approx. 17 miles and 23 miles south of Lincoln, respectively.
1918, 06 Oct: Madame Guérin addressed an audience at Lincoln Auditorium in the afternoon. There was a Liberty loan meeting in the evening and, no doubt, Anna Guérin was present.
1918, 07 Oct: A send-off parade took place through Lincoln and, no doubt, Anna Guérin would have watched been present.
1918, 11 Oct: Madame Guérin spoke to the women of Plymouth – 50 miles SW of Lincoln.
1918, 12 Oct: Madame Guérin spoke to men in shops and in the railroads at Havelock – approx. 5 miles NE of Lincoln.
1918, Oct: Madame Guérin’s lecture tour was curtailed because of the Influenza Pandemic – she set off to return to France.
1918, 20 Oct: This day’s New York Times: article concerning the ‘flu epidemic and the Red Cross
Help being given. Additionally, list of donations and donors printed: Under ‘Food for France’ is “Mme. Guerin’s fund”. $1,326 (In 2015: US$17,491 = CA$21398.47 & UK£11294.35).
1918, 09 Nov: Date of Moina B. Michael’s epiphany in New York.
AT SOME POINT, MADAME LEFT THE U.S.A., BOUND FOR FRANCE …… Madame Guérin was on board ship at the time the World War One Armistice was declared.
1918, 11 Nov: The WW1 Armistice was declared.
1918, 04 Dec: The 28th Conference (28th Y.M.C.A. training group of 1917/1918: Tom Michael acknowledged) of YMCA Overseas Secretaries, Columbia University, New York City informed Moїna Michael that they had adopted the emblem of a poppy.
1918, 13 Dec: Moїna Michael signed a contract with Lee Keedick (publicity agent) and Otho L. Ferris (Lawyer) – relating to her ‘Victory Emblem’ (Victory Torch and Poppy entwined).
1918, 13 Dec: A letter of this date documents the fact that, when Madame Guérin had left Nebraska/USA for France in November, she had taken with her hundreds of packages to deliver to American soldiers.
1918, Dec: ‘La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amérique’ was created in Paris – affiliated to the French government. The poppy is the organisation’s emblem. Followed by Madame Guérin’s branch in the U.S.A. – called the ‘American and French Children’s League’ but sometimes referred to as ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’ and the ‘Inter Allies Children League’. It was not linked to the ‘Fatherless Children of France’ charity.
1918, 26 Dec: Moїna Michael applied for a US patent for her ‘Victory Emblem’ badge design (Victory Torch and Poppy entwined).
1919: Madame Guérin was one of only 42 “Principal Speakers” who appeared within the ‘Final Report of the Missouri Council of Defense 1919’.
1919 Speaker: Speaking/fundraising in USA for US Victory Loan and French orphans plus forming committees in each state for the ‘American and French Children’s League’.
1919, 06 Feb: The Calvary Baptist Church, New York City adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.
1919, 11 Mar: Moїna Michael was granted a US patent for her ‘Victory Emblem’.
1919, 16 Mar: The American Legion was formed in Paris, France by the American Expeditionary Forces veterans – the American Expeditionary Forces.
1919, 31 Mar: Madame Guérin ARRIVED BACK IN THE U.S.A.: New York from Le Havre, on the ship ‘La Lorraine’. “Professor”. Last Permanent Address: Vandeuvre, Calvados, France; Nearest Relative: Mother: Mrs. Auguste Boulle. Vallon (Ardeche); Final Destination: Sister Mlle Boulle, Lincoln, Nebraska.
1919, 09 Apr: The Home Economics Club, Hannibal, Missouri adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.
1919, 12 Apr: Madame Guérin was in Chicago – she gave a lecture at the Fullerton Hall, Art Institute.
1919, 16 Apr: Madame Guérin addressed a mass meeting at Shelbyville, Illinois: she was speaking for the Liberty Loan campaign. She went off to Chicago at end of the day.
1919, 22 Apr: Madame Guérin lectured again in Chicago – at the College club.
1919, 29 Apr: Madame Guérin spoke at Hamilton, Iowa – at a big mass meeting for the Victory loan.
1919, 1 May: Madame Guérin was in Muncie, Indiana – to speak under the auspices of the women’s division of the Victory Liberty Loan committee. She was guest of honour at a dinner at the Hotel Delaware at 6 pm and, at 8.30 p.m., she spoke at a mass meeting “in the interest of the Victory Loan” – at the High School Auditorium. After her talk, $87,400 Bond pledges were taken.
1919, 06 May: Madame Guérin lectured in Chicago – at a meeting of ‘Le Cercle Français’ being held at 3 o’clock in the afternoon in the Fortnightly rooms, Fine Arts building, Chicago – on behalf of the ‘Fraternal League of the Children of France’.
1919, 13 May: Madame Guérin lectured at the Oak Park club in Chicago – on behalf of “Fraternal League of the Children of France”.
1919, 05 Jun: Madame Guérin lectured at Madison, Wisconsin – at the French House.
1919, 06 June: Mrs. Mary Hanecy (Milwaukee, WI) “decorated a refreshment booth with poppies. It was stripped twice of poppies by patriotic Americans, contributions left on the counter. This was not a ‘Poppy Day’.
1919, 22 June: The Inter-Allied Games took placeat the newly built Stade Pershing in Paris … until 06 July – “Military Olympics”. All Allied WW1 countries’ military services could participate.
1919, 28 June: WW1 formally ended with the signing of the ‘Treaty of Versailles’.
1919, Summer: Several patriotic organizations in Georgia adopted Moїna Michael’s ‘Victory Emblem’.
1919, 17 Jul: Madame Guérin arrived in Detroit, Michigan – for Children’s League.
1919, 31 July: Madame Guérin spoke in Duluth, Minnesota. War fundraising – to Rotary Club men.
1919, 01 Aug: Madame Guérin was still at the Spalding Hotel, Duluth, Minnesota – holding several meetings, making last minute arrangements for a ‘Tag Day’ (Poppy Day).
1919, 02 Aug: Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day/Tag Day in Duluth, Minnesota.
1919, 26 Sept: Madame Guérin spoke at the Central High School, Duluth, Minn. – on behalf of the “Franco-American League”.
1919, 30 Sept: Madame Guérin gave lectures at the public schools in Bemidji, Minnesota (which included the Normal school) – on behalf of the destitute children of France. In evening, she spoke at a “Big Fraternal Meeting” – a meeting of fraternal delegates, held at Bemidji association rooms – “under the auspices of the Moose lodge”. (Loyal Order of Moose was founded in 1888. It is a fraternal and service organisation in the USA).
1919, 01 Oct: Madame Guérin was due to be an honoured guest at Bemidji Civic association meeting/luncheon but she was called away to Chicago.
1919, 03 Oct: Madame Guérin dropped into McCurdy Hotel, Evansville, Indiana … wearing an “evil-looking gun strapped to her French uniform”.
1919, 04 Oct: Gave a lecture on “France” – at the Evansville Chamber of Commerce, to War Mothers and club women.
1919, Oct: Madame Guérin had a meeting with Hartley Burr Alexander in his Lincoln, Nebraska home ?re the League.
1919, 08 Oct: Madame Guérin addressed Gold Star Mothers of Baltimore’s 1st convention (06-10 October). These were women whose sons had been killed in France. She read ‘In Flanders Fields’ and spoke of poppies as war heroes’ symbol and carrying out poppy days, which she asked the Gold Star Mothers to assist with. “…reading the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’, she proposed the idea of poppies being the “symbol befitting the heroes of the war”. The proposal was accepted.
1919, 22 Oct: Madame Guérin attended the Advertising Club of Baltimore’s luncheon on the roof of the Emerson Hotel. She was one of the speakers.
1919, 25 Oct: “Poppy Day” in Baltimore (also called a “Tag Day”). Anna Guérin had arranged for 10,000 silk poppies to be made in Baltimore. “With a corps of American women and girls who have been to France and seen the need themselves, Madame Guérin will work under the supervision of several local patriotic societies.” Baltimore Sun 23 Oct 1919.
1919, 11 Nov: Madame Guérin had planned a second Poppy Tag Day in Baltimore, Maryland. Heavy rain meant it had to be cancelled.
1919, 15 Nov: Madame Guérin held her second Poppy Tag Day in Baltimore, Maryland – with red, white and blue poppies.
1919, 18 Nov: Madame Guérin was in Wilmington, Delaware. She gave a lecture entitled “Her Visit Through Liberated France”, at the Washington Heights Century Club there. Wilmington’s ‘Morning News’ had given notice of the lecture on 13 November.
1919, 02 Dec: Madame Guérin was in Des Moines, to organise committee for her Fraternal League. She spent a week in Iowa, arranging engagements.
1919, 27 December: Madame Guérin arrived in Sioux Falls, South Dakota – to form a committee for her charity ‘American and French Children’s League’. In an interview, she talked about the devastated regions of France and her aim to hold a “Poppy Tag Day” everywhere in April 1920.
1919, 29 December: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at the Commercial Club in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in the afternoon – on behalf of the French orphans.
1920, 03 Jan: Neither Anna or Juliette has been found in the US census. In Lincoln, Nebraska it was taken on this day.
1920, 07 Jan: Madame Guérin was in Lincoln, Nebraska. She had meeting with Mrs. Anton Dredla of Crete, Nebraska, who was prominent in the state work of American and French Children’s league.
1920, 19 Jan: Madame Guérin was in Lincoln – she “consented” to give a dramatic impersonation of Jeanne d’Arc at the First Christian church. Prof. Alice Howell assisted/interpreted.
1920, 09 Mar: Madame Guérin gave a lecture at Pikes Peak College, Pikes Peak, Colorado Springs, Colorado – on behalf of the poor French children.
1920, 03 Apr: Madame Guérin was in Denver for “the first big” Poppy Day” for the ‘American and French Children’s League’. The month of April ‘saw’ the fundraising for the League begin in earnest.
1920, 03 Apr: Billings Gazette (Montana): “Sunday. Boston April 3. Franklin D’Olier, national commander of the American legion, has received a resolution from the Edward B. Rhodes post of the American legion, Tacoma, Wash., favoring the adoption of the Shirley poppy as the memorial flower of the legion.” Franklin D’Olier was unanimously elected the first national commander of the A.L. Had Anna met him – did she know him – in Indianapolis?
1920, 05 Apr: Mon. morning: Madame Guérin arrived in Salt Lake City. Spoke at the University. Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan had been there beforehand, making plans ahead of Madame’s arrival.
1920, 06 Apr: Tues. evening: Spoke before L’Alliance Francaise at the Hotel Utah, Salt Lake City.
1920, 07 Apr: Weds: Spoke at West side high school?
1920, 08 Apr: Thurs. Morning: East side high school; Afternoon: St. Mary’s academy; Evening: Spoke at the Assembly hall, Salt Lake City.
1920, 09 Apr: ? Probably making last minute preparations ahead of the next day’s Poppy Day?
1920, 09 Apr: Ogden Standard-Examiner, Ogden, Utah:- Madame Guérin arriving in the coming week “… Plans are being made for the poppy drive, which will offer an opportunity of raising funds for the American and French children league. …” “boutonnières” (French word for buttonhole).
1920, 10 Apr: Sat: Poppy Day in Salt Lake City and another Poppy Day on 17 April. The weather was so bad on 10 April that the distribution of poppies only happened in the morning. However, in that short time, the distribution of poppies raised $2,760! The 17 April ‘Poppy Day’ occurred in the afternoon of that day.
1920, 10 Apr: ‘Poppy Day’ in Greeley, Colorado. “Under the direction of Mme Celeste Oliver Dixon and Mlle. Lucienne LeFraper, who are representing the American and French Children’s League”.
1920, 11 Apr: Sun: Spoke at the Salt Lake City Mormon Tabernacle.
1920, 13 Apr: & 14: Madame Guérin spoke in Ogden, Utah – in aid of the American & French Children’s League: at Ogden High School; Weber Normal College; and Sacred Heart Academy.
1920, 15 Apr: Madame Guérin addressed an audience in the afternoon at the High School in Brigham City, Utah. It was decided to have a Poppy Day in the city on 24 April.
1920, 15 Apr: Madame Guérin spoke at Ogden City Hall in the evening, at the meeting of the Weber county women’s Republican committee. Madame Guérin’s Utah representative, Mrs. Georgina Marriott, presided. 300 school girls were to be poppy girls at a Poppy Day on the 17 April.
1920, 16 Apr: Madame Guérin spoke in Ogden again – on the aims of the American and French Children’s League and asked for the support of the women on Poppy Day.
1920, 17 Apr: Madame Guérin’s Poppy Day in Ogden, Utah. Local students disposed of poppy “boutonnières” in shops and business houses. Anna then went off to Brigham City, Logan, Park City (Utah) & Preston (Idaho) – promoting poppy drives. $2000 raised in Ogden Poppy Drive.
1920, 20 Apr: Madame Guérin was in Logan, Utah (with Georgina Marriott). During the morning, she spoke to students at the Agricultural College.
1920, 22 Apr: Poppy Day at Caldwell, Idaho. It was supervised by Mrs. G. B. Marino Marriott, who was an accredited representative of Madam E. Guerin, French director of the movement.
1920, 22 Apr: Poppy Day in Preston, Idaho – for “destitute children in France”.
1920, 24 Apr: Poppy Drives began in Brigham City, Logan and Park City. Madame Guérin was in Ogden … she greeted Democrat Wm. J. Bryan (Congressman, Lincoln, Neb.) when he visited Ogden.
1920, 07 May: Mrs. G. Marriott arrived in Price, Utah – to organise Poppy Day.
1920, 08 May: Poppy Day in Price, Utah.
1920, May: Madame Guérin spent a month travelling through Idaho, Montana and Oregon – where she conducted Poppy Drives.
1920, 15 May: Georgina Marriott addressed an audience there on 15 May – and recruited the girls.
1920, 17 May: Madame Guérin wrote from Portland, Oregon. Miss Epperson had several “Poppy Days” During this period, Anna spoke average of 6 to 8 times a day.
1920, 22 May: Madame Guérin and Georgina Marriott were in Preston, Idaho – for the Poppy Day.
1920, 22 May: Poppy Day in Caldwell, Idaho. A total of one hundred fifty High School girls carried out a “tag”/”Poppy Day” – “for the benefit of French children in the devastated sections of France”.
1920, 24 May: 24-31 May was “Poppy Week in Milwaukee. The Milwaukee American Legion Post 1 held their first Poppy campaign … it was not the “first” per se. Memorial/Decoration Day (31 May) was designated “Poppy Day in Milwaukee.
1920, 26 May: Madame Guérin and Georgina Marriott returned to Ogden, Utah – after the “Poppy Day campaign” in Preston.
1920, 28 May: Madame was in Boise, Idaho for a Poppy day.
1920, 29 May: Poppy Day in Plattsmouth, Nebraska. “Mrs. R.P. Westover has been designated as the chairman for Plattsmouth”. Ladies and campfire girls distributed the poppies.
1920, 31 May: Madame Guérin was in Pocatello, Idaho. Memorial/Decoration Day.
1920, 02 Jun: Madame Guérin was in Portland, Oregon.
1920, 12 Jun: Poppy Day in American Fork, Utah.
1920, 12 Jun: Poppy Tag Day in Kansas … controversy before the day, over the American & French Children’s League not being on the National Information Bureau’s approved list.
1920, 19 Jun: Poppy Day in Rexburg, Idaho …. Madame Guérin and Ogden’s Georgina Marriott were in charge.
1920, 19 Jun: Poppy Day in Helena, Montana. 200 girl poppy sellers. Miss Genevieve H. Parke, of the American & French Children’s League carried out arrangements made by Madame Guérin.
1920, 26 Jun: Great Falls Daily Tribune, Montana. Miss Genevieve H. Parke gave a short talk explaining needs of fatherless children in devastated regions of France.
1920, July: Madame Guérin in Colorado at some point for Poppy Drives. (H.B. Alexander papers)
1920, 04 Jul: The Ogden Standard Examiner (Ogden, Utah) reported that Madame Guérin and Mrs. Georgiana Marriott had “returned from a two months’ trip through Idaho and Montana”.
1920, 08 Jul: Madame Guérin was in Sacramento – she gave a speech to the Lions Club. She was in Sacramento for t least eight days.
1920, 09 Jul: Madame Guérin spoke at a meeting in the Sacramento Capitol assembly hall.
1920, 14 Jul: Poppy Drive in Sacramento, California. French Bastille Day was celebrated and Madame Guérin gave a “stirring appeal” at the event – held at the Joyland Park open theatre.
1920, 17 Jul: Madame Guérin was in San Francisco.
1920, 19 Jul: Madame Guérin was still in San Francisco. She addressed “the women at the Fairmont meeting. Poppy Day badges and banners inscribed:- “In Flanders Fields the Poppies Grow”.
1920, 26 Jul: Poppy Day in San Francisco. Thousands of dollars were realised.
1920, 27 Jul: Madame Guérin and a Miss Patsy A. Epperson were in Berkeley, California.
1920, 07 Aug: Poppy Day in Oakland, California. It was handled by Madame Guérin’s representive Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan– “California’s native blooms will be sold to help French orphans.” Madame Guérin may well have joined Leonel for the Poppy Day.
1920, 09 Aug: Madame Guérin’s representative Miss Patsy A. Epperson arrived in Santa Cruz, California. Madame Guérin joined her in Santa Cruz within the week.
1920, 14 Aug: Poppy Days held in Santa Cruz; Capitola; East Santa Cruz; and Davenport. The Native Daughters of Santa Cruz were in charge of these arrangements for Madame Guérin.
1920, 17 Aug: Madame Guérin was in Los Angeles. She was establishing a branch of the America and French Children’s league and organising a Poppy Day on 03 September.
1920, 22 Aug: Madame Guérin was in Long Beach, California. (Hartley Burr Alexander papers)
1920, 23 Aug: Madame Guérin was in San Diego, California. She was there to meet the State Governor and attend (and speak at) the American Legion’s California State branch’s Convention at Balboa Park, San Diego, California, 23, 24, & 25 August, 1920.
1920, 26 Aug: By this date, Madame Guérin was in Los Angeles, California. She established her headquarters at the Ansonia apartments, 2205 West Sixth Street, Los Angeles. Mrs. L. R. O’Bryan and Miss Helen Ahearn were with her.
1920, 03 Sept: Los Angeles Poppy Day.
1920, 09 Sept: Madame Guérin arrived in Santa Ana, Orange County, California – Mrs. Georgina B. Maroni Marriott was with her. Four cities in Orange County were visited – Santa Ana; Orange; Anaheim; and Fullerton. She was making arrangements for a Poppy Drives on 18 September. She spoke that evening at the regular meeting of the American Legion Santa Ana Post. She also spoke in Orange and at a band concert in Anaheim. The Rotary Club of Santa Ana endorsed the project.
1920, 11 Sept: Madame Guérin left Santa Ana, California.
1920, 11 Sept: Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan “Polly Pry” & Miss Helen Ahern (Red Cross) arrived in Phoenix, Arizona.
1920, 14 Sept: Mrs. L.R. O’Bryan & Miss Helen J. Ahern were guests at Phoenix Kiwanis meeting.
1920, 18 Sept: Poppy Days in Phoenix (ran by Madame Guerin’s Mrs. Leonel Ross O’Bryan “Polly Pry” & Miss Helen Ahern); and in Mesa, Glendale, and Peoria, Arizona.
1920, 18 Sept: Madame Guérin’s Poppy Days: Santa Ana; Orange; Anaheim; & Fullerton, California.
1920, 19 Sept: 19-25 Sept: Anna Guérin attended the Encampment Convention of the ‘Grand Army of the Republic’ and the ‘Sons and Daughters of the G.A.R.’ in Indianapolis and successfully asked their permission to use Decoration Day (30 May 1921) for her Annual Flanders’ Poppy Day.
1920, 25 Sept: Madame Guérin’s representatives Mrs. Leonel O’Bryan and Miss Helen Ahern were in charge of a “poppy tag day” in Tucson, Arizona – on behalf of the American and French Children’s League.
1920, 27 Sept: 27-29 Sept: Madame Guérin attended the National American Legion’s second Convention in Cleveland, Ohio. In her American and French Children’s League role. She addressed the Legion about her “big idea” for an annual ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme at this Convention. Her “… Flanders’ fields poppy idea was adopted first by the committee of the 48 states presidents to whom I spoke … It was accepted unanimously by them as, later on, it was accepted by the convention from the platform.” Thus, at this Convention, it was resolved to adopt the poppy as the American Legion’s Memorial Flower. Madame’s friend/acquaintance Frederic W. Galbraith Jr. (of Ohio) became the second American Legion National Commander on 29 Sept. 1920.
1920, 28 Sept: Leonel O’Bryan and Helen Ahern arrive in Bisbee, Arizona, to organise a Poppy Day.
1920, Oct: Madame Guérin visited Akron and Canton in Ohio, immediately after she spoke at the American Legion convention in Cleveland, Ohio.
1920, 06 Oct: Poppy Day in Bisbee, Arizona.
1920, 08 Oct: Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League’s President, Hartley B. Alexander (Lincoln, Nebraska), wrote to the Director of the National Information Bureau in N.Y. City – asking that the American and French Children’s League be officially recognised by the Bureau. He gave the Bureau historical information about Madame Guérin.
1920, 16 Oct: Madame Guérin and Isabelle Mack were in Indianapolis, to establish HQ for ‘League of American and French Children’. The motto of the League is “We shall not forget” …
1920, 22 Oct: Madame Guérin set off to Chicago (to see sister Juliette). From Hotel Pennsylvania, New York, she wrote: “I am leaving for Chicago this evening. As long as my big Poppy days will allow us to see the continuation of our work without so many worries are not over.”
1920, 23 Oct: Madame Guérin had a meeting at Fletcher Nat. Bank, Indianapolis – re American and French Children’s League account. Madame’s books were audited in Indianapolis.
1920, 11 Nov: Second Anniversary of the Armistice. Poppy Days were carried out in the USA on and around that day, under the auspices of the American-Franco Children’s League.
1920, 11 Nov: Madame Guérin was in Louisville, Kentucky. She spoke at the Louisville Girls’ High School.
1920, 11 Nov: In New Castle, Pennsylvania, High School girls sold poppies – on behalf of the local American Legion Post. That Poppy Tag Day “netted the Legion $2,339.
1920, Nov. 11: Second Anniversary of Armistice Day. Poppy Days were carried out all over the USA on and around that day, under the auspices of the American-Franco Children’s League.
1920, Nov. 13: Poppy Day in Akron, Ohio. Madame Guérin had visited Akron and Canton after the American Legion convention in Cleveland, Ohio. The Poppy Day in Canton raised $1,500 for Madame Guérin’s French orphans.
1920, 13 Nov: Madame Guérin and Isabelle Mack were in Indianapolis for a Poppy Tag Day, for the American-Franco Children’s League. There were Poppy Days in other places in the State of Indiana) on that day.
1920, 27 Nov: Ellwood City, Pennsylvania held a Poppy Day – following the example of New Castle, of the proceeds going to the local American Legion Post.
1920, ? Nov: At some point, after all the November Poppy Days, Anna Guérin set sail for France. She was accompanied by Mrs. Marie de Mare from Denver, Colorado.
1920, Dec: The ‘Fatherless Children of France’ organisation closed its books – Madame Guérin’s American and French Children’s League carried the work on. (Hartley Burr Alexander papers).
1921, 19 Jan: Madame Guérin wrote from France on American-Franco Children’s League/La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amerique headed notepaper …. “I am now in France superintending the making of millions of red silk poppies … … by the widows and daughters of French soldiers.”
1921, 04 Feb: An advertisement/message from Madame Guérin appeared in the American Legion Journal. She wrote letters from France – to the American Legion and Mothers of Baltimore.
1921, 17 Feb: Madame Guérin arrived back in New York from Le Havre, France: Last Permanent Address in USA: Chicago; Nearest Relative: Mr. Guérin au Mas des Aires, Vallon (Ardeche); Teacher. She was accompanied by her daughter Raymonde Rabanit and her sister Juliette Boulle.
1921, 19 Feb: Letter to Moїna Michael from Isabelle Mack: she enclosed the February issue of ‘Le Semeur’ – which contained a speech Madame Guérin gave to a Children’s League’s gathering in Paris.
1921, 23 Feb: Madame Guérin was in Indianapolis, Indiana. She was initially staying at the Hotel Severin, along with her sister Juliette Boulle and her daughter Raymonde. Then their headquarters was situated at the home of Edouard J. Duboise, 238 East Tenth street.
1921, March: Copy of a document (date estimated) written by Madame Guérin to an unknown person/s. Additionally, she wrote to Woman’s clubs/Federated clubs – promoting poppy wearing.
1921, 17 Apr: The Abilene Daily Reporter (Abilene, Texas), Vol. 34, No. 122, Ed. 1 Sunday reported that “the Federated Clubs of Abilene are in receipt of letters from Mme. E. Guerin, who is known as “The Poppy Lady of France”, urging that the women wear poppies of Flanders Fields on May 30.
1921, 18 May: Madame Guérin’s sister Juliette Boulle arrived in Detroit, Michigan. The next day (19 May), Juliette met with American Legion officials to organise the poppy campaign in the city.
1921, 19 Apr: The Gettysburg Times reports that the “American Legion has adopted the poppy as its Memorial Day flower. On May 30 thousands tiny red silk flowers will be distributed throughout America by the Legion and other patriotic organizations. …” Many US newspapers ran the articles.
1921, 21 Apr: The Bismarck Tribune of this date reports: “The Poppy Lady of France has come to America again! …” Countless other newspapers printed similar articles about Madame Guérin.
1921, 22 Apr: At the 9th Annual Meeting of the Winnipeg Chapter of the I.O.D.E. (at the Fort Garry hotel, Winnipeg), “A resolution was sent to the National I.O.D.E. , asking it to adopt “Poppy Day” as a feature of Armistice Day to raise funds for the War Memorial in all parts of Canada.”
1921, 27 Apr: The ‘American and French Children’s League’ merged with the ‘American-Franco Children’s League’. New York Bishop Herbert Shipman became its President.
1921, 28 Apr: Madame Guérin’s representative, Isabelle Mack, was in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania – to make preparations for the ‘Poppy Day’ there on 28 May – the date of the designated American and French Children’s League’s ‘Poppy Day’ across the U.S.A.
1921, Apr/May: Ahead of Memorial Day, two different near-identical news articles appeared about Madame Guérin in numerous newspapers – one was about “Poppy Lady” Madame Guérin with the same image of her; and the other informed readers about the American Legion adopting the poppy; Poppy Day on 30 May; and Madame Guérin bringing poppies to U.S.A.
1921, 12 May: On this day, New York Times article headed an article: “Rival Societies in War of the Poppies” – twixt ‘American-Franco Children’s League’ personnel (including Madame Anna E. Guérin) and Mrs. Mercedes McAllister Smith – Mrs. M.M.S. took out a slander case against seven people.
1921, 14 May: A Washington DC letter (held by the Arizona State Library) promoted Poppy Day: “Hubert Work, the First Assistant Postmaster General, authorizes the Jerome postmaster to post information publicizing an international Memorial Day to benefit the American and French Children’s League. Red poppies were crafted by children and mothers who suffered during the first world war and sold to help fund medical care of the League. …”
1921, 15 May: The British Legion was formed from 4 national organisations:- Officers Association; Scottish Federation of Ex-servicemen; the Comrades of the Great War; and the National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers. HRH Prince of Wales became 1st Patron; Earl Haig 1st President.
1921, 20 May: The American-Franco Children’s League, Inc. was granted a formal endorsement by The National Information Bureau – “it is the only organisation authorized by the Ligue [French ‘La Ligue Americaine Francaise des Enfants’] to collect funds for it in the United States and the only organization endorsed by the Bureau.” … i.e. NOT the ‘American and French Children’s league’.
1921, 20 May: The American Legion Weekly [Volume 3, No. 20 (May 20, 1921)]:- full page advert on page 1/inside front cover) for The American-Franco Children’s League.
1921, 20 May: Announced in Bridgeport, Conn.: American Legion took receipt of poppies made by disabled veterans at Allingtown hospital, Allingtown, Conn. – for their own poppy sale/own benefit.
1921, 21 May: Synonymous with other contemporaneous empathy with the poppy: announced in the Winnipeg Tribune that (regarding the graves “of soldiers who died both in the Great War and other wars”) “Winnipeg Chapters of the I.O.D.E. to deck the graves with flags and red poppies.”
1921, 24 May: Hickory Daily Record (North Carolina): reported Madame Guerin ‘The Poppy Lady of France was back in USA for Memorial Day. “She has brought with her millions of tiny red silk poppies, the kind that “Blow on Flanders Fields.”
1921, 28 May: Designated Poppy Day across the United States of America – conducted by the American-Franco Children’s league – ahead of Memorial Day on the 30th.
1921, end May: Madame Guérin arrived in Canada – to create a ‘Canadian-Franco Children’s League and launch her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy scheme’.
In Canada, there was a name complication after Madame Guérin arrived, because there was a “Mademoiselle” Guerin with a ‘Franco-Canadian Orphanage’ society there. “Mlle.” and “Mme” were often confused and, perhaps at Mlle.’s instigation, news articles attempted to highlight differences.
1921, 01 Jun: In the evening, Anna addressed a meeting of the Catholic Women’s League of Canada at (Knights of?) Columbus Hall, in Toronto.
1921, June: “The Poppy Lady of France” arrived on a “special mission to speak to the conventions of the National Chapter, I.O.D.E. and the Catholic Women’s League of Canada”. It is believed Anna also spoke to the Great War Veterans’ Association’s women’s auxiliary during the month of June.
1921, ?? Jun: Perhaps in June 1921, Madame Guérin’s headquarters moved to New York.
1921, 09 Jun: Madame Guérin’s Poppy ally, American Legion National Commander Colonel Fredk. W. Galbraith Jr. was killed in a car crash.
1921, 13 Jun: Madame Guérin’s husband, Constant Charles Eugène Guerin, was presented with the award ‘Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur’ at Paris, France.
1921, 20 Jun: Madame Guérin addressed a meeting of the American Legion Delaware Post No.1 in Wilmington, Delaware.
1921, 04 Jul: Madame Guérin was at Prince Arthur Hotel, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. She was there “… to ask the Dominion Executive Committee of the Great War Veterans for co-operation in making Armistice Day, November 11, a Poppy Day throughout Canada … to make it an annual movement ..” Anna was a guest at the veterans’ luncheon and addressed them in the afternoon.
1921, 05 Jul: Madame Guérin’s proposal was discussed by the G.W.V.A.
1921, 06 Jul: The G.W.V.A. officially adopted Madame Guérin’s ‘Inter-Allied Poppy scheme’ and the Remembrance Poppy emblem – The GWVA agreed to order 2 million of Madame’s poppies.
1921, July: The G.W.V.A. sent a cablegram to Australia’s Returned Sailors and Soldiers’ Imperial League, encouraging Australia to follow its example. (See 1921, Oct 29).
1921, July: With success achieved with the G.W.V.A. at Port Arthur, Madame Guérin travelled to Toronto. There, she began making preparations for selling poppies on “Warriors’ Day” (27 Aug) at the Canadian National Exhibition, in Toronto. Sister Juliette Boulle and friend Blanche Berneron joined Anna there.
1921, 14 July: Madame Guérin was staying at Queen’s Hotel in Toronto. Colonel Samuel A. Moffat (a former US Red Cross Commissioner and Chevalier de la Legion d ‘Honneur) was also at the same hotel. He had done work for “La Ligue des enfants de France et d’Amerique’ in France. Madame Guérin was sending him to Australia and New Zealand … and, perhaps, South Africa … on her behalf – to promote her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme.
1921, 15 July: Juliette Boulle and Blanche Berneron arrived at the Queen’s Hotel in Toronto. They met G.W.V.A. Secretary Turley “to commence their work for the great sale of poppies”.
1921, 27 July: In Winnipeg, Canada, the Women’s service League held a Poppy Day. The League women had been making several thousand poppies for weeks. “The proceeds from the sale of these flowers will be used to help furnish the new club rooms for returned soldiers”.
1921, 31 July: Madame Guérin spoke at a Memorial Service in Toronto, held for fallen comrades by the G.W.V.A. branch ‘Todmorden’.
1921, 05 Aug: The Brisbane Telegraph (Australia) printed a Returned Sailors and Soldiers’ Imperial League’s annual congress (03-05 August) statement, relevant to Canada: “SOLDIERS’ CONGRESS … THE POPPY. It was decided; to accept a Canadian suggestion that the red poppy, so conspicuous on the fields of France, should be adopted as an international emblem on armistice day …”
1921, 06 Aug: Col. Samuel A. Moffat sailed from Vancouver, Canada – for New Zealand.
1921, Aug: At some point, Madame Guérin left Canada to travel through the U.S.A., on to New York – to sail to Great Britain, to promote her ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme.
1921, 27 Aug: Juliette Boulle and Blanche Berneron, together with G.W.V.A. Auxiliary, were selling poppies on “Warriors’ Day” in Toronto. Madame Guérin had left them in charge of arrangements.
1921, 27 Aug: Madame Guérin’s representative, American Colonel Samuel A. Moffat arrived at the New Zealand Port of Auckland from Vancouver (on ship ‘Makura’) on his Poppy mission .
1921, 29 Aug: Madame Guérin arrived in Liverpool from New York, on ship ‘Albania’. “Lecturer”.
1921, 29 Aug: Madame Guérin arrived in London, by train?, to stay at the Piccadilly Hotel … she either immediately contacted Patron Prince of Wales?; President Earl Haig?; or British Legion HQ? OR she had already made contact with one or all ahead of arriving in London – ?by cablegram?
1921, 31 Aug: It is reported that Col. George Crosfield asked Col. Edward Charles Heath DSO if he would meet Madame Guérin. Madame probably met with both men as, when Col. Heath described Madame’s visit in later life, he recalled how:- “this little French lady visited headquarters and showed us some small artificial ‘poppies’ of a type then being made by French women and sold for the benefit of children in the devastated areas of France.” It is not known if Anna Guérin met Earl Haig then.
1921, 13 Sept: Madame Guérin’s representative Colonel Samuel A. Moffat arrived in Melbourne from Wellington, New Zealand. He did not need to persuade Australian veterans to adopt the Poppy per se – just promote and make arrangements for poppy distribution leading up to 11 November. For all Colonel Moffat’s known movements in Australia and New Zealand see Chapters 7c and 7e.
1921, Sept: Sir Herbert Brown was sent to Paris by the British Legion, to verify the credentials of Madame Guérin and the existence of her fabric factories. He found all was well – the fabric was ready to go and the widows and orphans in the devastated areas of France would make the poppies. Sir Herbert was asked to go back to Paris and order thousands of poppies. British Legion finances were low and Madame Guérin offered to order the poppies for them, at her own expense. Madame Guérin would be reimbursed after Armistice Day, once donations were in.
1921, 16 Sept: By 16 September, the British Legion had adopted Madame Guérin’s ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ scheme. On 16 Sept., the Evening Post in Wellington (NZ) reported that the R.S.A. was considering a proposal to “adopt the red poppy of Flanders as the national memorial flower” – which the American, Canadian, and English ex-service men’s organisations had already done.
1921, 26 Sept: New Zealand Dominion Executive of Returned Services’ Assoc. adopted the poppy.
1921, 27 Sept: Canadian Toronto Daily Star announced: “TO WEAR FLANDERS POPPY. Ottawa. Sept. 27. – The custom of wearing a Flanders poppy on Armistice Day, as a memorial flower, will be inaugurated in Great Britain this year as well as in Canada, according to a cable received by the dominion command.”
1921, 01 Oct: Madame Guérin left Liverpool for New York, on the White Line ship ‘Celtic’.
1921, 07 Oct: Aberdeen Journal (Scotland) printed an article headed “POPPY DAY” – reference to Madame Guérin originating the idea.
1921, 07 Oct: It was reported that the British Legion National Executive was in communication with the British Government, with reference to 11 November being called “Remembrance Day”.
1921, 08 Oct: The Winnipeg Tribune notified its readers that “Madame Blanche Berneron, of Paris, has paid a visit to Montreal and has arranged for the inauguration of a “Poppy Day, …” there.
1921, 10 Oct: Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Liverpool. She was going to join her sister at Kent Building, Toronto, Ontario – c/o Great War Veterans, Toronto.
1921, 14 Oct: Arbroath Herald and Advertiser for the Montrose Burghs (Scotland) edition for this day reported that the idea of wearing the poppy “… was of French origin”.
1921, 17 Oct: At some time during the week commencing 17 October, Madame Guérin attended the annual convention of the G.W.V.A. in Port Arthur.
1921, 20 Oct: Women from ‘The Princess Patricia’ I.O.D.E. chapter in Winnipeg met in the evening to make poppies for Poppy Day.
1921, 26 Oct: Madame Guérin was in Winnipeg, Canada. She was a luncheon guest of the I.O.D.E. & G.W.V.A. women’s auxiliary at the Fort Garry Hotel.
1921, 26 Oct: Madame Guérin left during the evening to go to Kansas City, Missouri – to attend the American Legion convention. She had been officially invited but she was also going to fight for the poppy emblem, over the Legion’s intention to adopt the daisy instead. She returned to Canada afterwards.
1921, 30 Oct: 30 Oct. – 02 Nov. Madame Guérin attended the third Convention of the American Legion, in Kansas City, Missouri. The American Legion “repudiated its action of 1920 in choosing the Shirley poppy as its official flower and substituted the daisy.” However, the American Legion’s women’s Auxiliary kept the poppy as its emblem but did not agree to assist Madame Guérin in her 1922 poppy campaign.
1921, 07 Nov: Madame Guérin was in Ottawa – as one of the VIP guests in the VIP enclosure (along with Lord and Lady Byng) at the commemoration service on Parliament Hill.
1921, 09 Nov: Madame Guérin was returning to Toronto. Toronto Star and Toronto Globe editions of this day reported the “G.W.V.A. Poppy Lady” was returning for Armistice Day. “She will present the G.W.V.A. wreath to the mayor on Friday to be placed on the cenotaph in front of the city hall.”
1921, 10 Nov: Madame Guérin, the Toronto Daily Star reported “… who brought to Canada the idea and the poppies for the Poppy Day observance … on Armistice Day, is in the city.”
1921, 11 Nov: Madame Guérin was in Toronto, with sister Juliette – in the evening they attended a ball given by the Dreadnought chapter, I.O.D.E. Blanche Berneron was in Vancouver.
1921, 11 Nov: The first British Poppy Appeal “… was so successful that the [British Legion] NEC’s thoughts turned to future Appeals. It then took steps to register the design of the poppy to prevent the sale of unauthorised sale of imitation poppies. Above all, arrangements were then made to manufacture poppies in the UK.” (‘THE LEGION LETTER – RBL in France’ 2008)
1921, 11 Nov: Madame Guérin, with sister Juliette, attended a brilliantly successful ball given by the Dreadnought chapter, I.O.D.E. at the King Edward Hotel in Toronto.
1921, 06 Dec: Mlle. Juliette Boulle and Mme Blanche Berneron sailed from Canada on Canadian Pacific ‘Sicilian’ – after helping to organise the Poppy distribution in Canada. They went to Cuba to establish a “‘National Poppy Day Committee’ there.
13 Dec 1921: A “Mr. S.A. Moffatt” arrived in Sydney, Australia from Wellington, New Zealand.
1921, 31 Dec: Colonel Moffat sailed for England from Melbourne, Aust. on ‘Aeneas’ – it may have stopped at Durban (Port Natal) or Cape Town. Did Colonel Moffat meet S. African veterans then?
1922: It has been found reported that, “early in 1922”, Madame Anna Guérin’s ‘American-Franco Children’s League’ was dissolved. However, this may not be accurate because one of the League officers in France, Madame Lebon, has been found still communicating in her role, in Nov. 1923. However, if the League did cease, Anna’s enthusiasm to encourage the Allied countries to continue with their poppy campaigns did not – she still wanted to make a difference.
1922, 08 Feb: Madame Guérin was in Montreal, Canada – staying at The Windsor Hotel. She was in Canada to sort out poppy money.
1922, 12 Feb: Canada’s Toronto Globe edition for this day reports “a small portion of the poppies to be used next Armistice Day will be made by children in the French orphanages, but the bulk of the poppies will be the product of returned men out of work, it being the desire of Mlle. Guerin, who is in charge of arrangements, to alleviate the unemployment situation as far as possible.”
1922, 25 Feb: Regarding aforementioned Mrs. Mercedes McAllister Smith, the Supreme Court directed her “to furnish a bill of particulars in her $200,000 slander suit against several defendants”. In Court details, Madame Anna E. Guérin was described as “Originator of the National Poppy Days in the U. S. and Allied Countries”.
1922, 10 Apr: A French woman called “Anna Guerin” arrived in Southampton, UK from New York – heading for Hotel Victoria, London. Surely, this is Madame Guérin … after she had been visiting Montreal, Canada?
1922, 15 Apr: New Zealand’s ‘Auckland Star’: “Madame Guerin, “poppy lady of France”‘ and director of the French Children’s League, has cabled to the general secretary of the New Zealand Returned Soldiers’ Association, stating that she is forwarding him six French flags to be awarded to the six towns selling the poppies during the poppy campaign.”
1922, 24 Apr: New Zealand’s first Poppy Day – the eve of Anzac Day. The poppy contract with Madame’s League would endure until 1927. Then, poppies were supplied by the Poppy Factory in Richmond, Surrey – until 1931, when New Zealand began to make its own poppies.
1922, May: The ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars’ and the ‘American War Mothers’ conducted the nationwide distribution of Madame Guérin’s French-made poppies.
1922, 11 May: Blanche Berneron addressed the Annual State Convention of the ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars’ in Richmond, In. – asking that ‘Inter-Allied Poppy Day’ would run for years to come.
1922, 20 May: Madame Guérin was, most probably, on board the White Star Line ship ‘S.S. Majestic’, which sailed this day for Cherbourg, France. The Veterans of Foreign Wars’ Adjutant General Reuel W. Elton of V.F.W. and Robert S. Cain (Aide de Camp to V.F.W. Commander-in-Chief Robert G. Woodside) were on board and Madame was likely to have been with them. Apparently, Commander-in-Chief Woodside was also on the ‘S.S. Majestic’. All were to attend a ceremony in Paris on Memorial/Decoration Day. The V.F.W. had the honour of laying of a wreath of poppies as the tribute of America at the tomb of the Unknown “Poilu” at the Arc de Triomphe.
1922, 22 May: 22-30 May inclusive – Poppy Week. US Memorial Day. The VFW conducted their first poppy distribution leading up to Memorial Day in 1922, becoming the first Allied veterans’ organization to organize a nationwide distribution. Madame E. Guérin: “Founder of Poppy Day”. (Norwich Bulletin, Connecticut/May 19, 1922)
1922, 23 May: American Legion Daisy Day. It had been a ‘Poppy Day’ in 1921.
1922, 16 Oct: 16-20 Oct: American Legion’s convention, in New Orleans, “repudiated the daisy as its official flower an again adopted the poppy.” It realised how successful the V.F.W.’s Drive was?
1922, 11 Nov: 4th anniversary of Armistice Day. Madame Guérin’s poppies were distributed within the countries of Canada (the final year of French-made poppies); Australia (Australia had French-made poppies until 1926, inclusive); and New Zealand (1929 was first year French-made poppies were not used). Nothing is known as to whether Belgium and Italy were receiving Guérin poppies.
1923, March: It is reported that Madame Guérin took 2 million French-made poppies into U.S.A.
1923, May: The American Legion conducted its first nationwide Poppy campaign, with French-made poppies. The V.F.W. used some French-made poppies and “the balance was provided by a firm of artificial flower manufacturers in New York City. It was during the 1923 campaign that the V.F.W. evolved the idea which resulted in the V.F.W. Buddy Poppy …”
1923, Nov: 1923 was quiet year for Madame Guérin (publicity-wise), although she still had to oversee poppy making for Australia and New Zealand. It was discovered that she sent letters to the New Zealand and Australian veteran organisations. The ‘Press’ newspaper in New Zealand reported that the Canterbury District Executive had received a French flag from Madame Guerin, the “Poppy Lady” of France, for presentation to the R.S.A. branch selling the most poppies prior to Anzac Day. The District Executive had decided that this flag should be presented to the Christchurch R.S.A.
1924, Feb: The ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars’ organisation registered the name of “Buddy Poppy” with the U. S. Patent Office.
1924, 23 Feb: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on ship ‘Chicago’, for New York.
1924, 04 Mar: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Occupation: None. Nearest Relative or Friend: Husband. Mr. E. Guerin, at Vallon. Final Destination: New York.
1924, 12 Apr: 12 & 24 April: Was this our Madame Guérin? Hastings and St Leonards Observer carry advertisements for a Madame Guérin offering lessons in French. “38 Parkhurst Road, Bexhill, Sussex. Private lessons; classes; preparation for all exams; ten years’ experience in Bexhill schools”. It is better to make a note of this, than ignore it.
1924, 26 Nov: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.
1924, 03 Dec: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Lecturer. Housewife. Nearest Relative was: Husband. Mr. Guerin. Vallon, France. Destination: New York.
1925, 14 Feb: “Mr. Guerin” arrived in New York. He was going to: Wife, Mrs. E. Guerin, 45 W-55th Street, New York City. Visiting for pleasure. He departed Le Havre on 04 February 1952.
1925, June: In 1925, Canada hosted a British Empire Services League* conference in Ottawa at which it was decided that the poppy would be adopted as the universal emblem of remembrance throughout the British Empire (*now known as the Royal Commonwealth Ex-Services League).
1926, 09 Jan: Eugène Guérin arrived in New York from Le Havre, on ‘La Savoie’.Lawyer. He was going to stay with sister-in-law Juliette Boulle, 45 W-55th Street, New York City. Nearest relative: Wife – Mrs. Anna Guerin, Vallon, France. He departed Le Havre on 30 December 1925.
1926, 07 Apr: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.
1926, 14 Apr: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Residence – Paris, France. Housewife. She was visiting her sister Juliette. She would be “Staying until Decoration Day”.
1926, Nov: The last year Australia used Madame Guérin’s French-made poppies.
1927, 16 Apr: Hastings and St Leonards Observer included a “Madame Guerin” as a person giving a wedding present of lace handkerchiefs to a Sussex couple. (?)
1927, 30 Nov: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.
1927, 07 Dec: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Residence – Vallon, France. Housewife. She was visiting sister Juliette.
1928, 15 Feb: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Olympic’, for New York.
1928, 22 Feb: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Lecturer. Business. Last Permanent Address: Vallon. Nearest Relative: Husband: Mr. Guerin, 6 Rue Lalo, Paris, France.
1928, 13 Jun: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Majestic’, for New York.
1928, 19 Jun: Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Cherbourg, on ship ‘Majestic’. Housewife. Anne Guerin. Last Permanent Address: Vallon. Going to visit sister Mlle. Boulle. Nearest Relative: Husband: E. Guerin, “Pres. Court of Appeal”, Vallon, Ardeche.
1928, Nov: It has been found reported that the New Zealand contract with Madame Guérin to supply the poppies ran out in 1927 but contemporary newspapers prove that French-made poppies were supplied in 1928. Thus, 1929 was the first year that no French-made poppies were used.
1929, 02 Jan: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Mauretania’, for New York.
1929, 11 Jan: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Lecturer. Last Permanent Address: Paris. Going to sister Juliette.
1930, 08 Jan: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Ile de France’, for New York.
1930, 14 Jan: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Occupation: None. Last Permanent Address:
Vallon. Nearest Relative: Husband: Mr. E. Guerin, Vallon (Ardeche), France. Going to: Friend: Mr. James Gray, 160 East 56th Street, NY.
1931, 28 Jan: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Ile de France’, for New York.
1931, 03 Feb: Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Le Havre. Business. Housewife. Last Permanent Address: Paris, France.
1931, 15 May: Gloucester Citizen advert: “WANTED, Pupils for French Lessons by French Teacher, quick method, moderate price – Madame Guerin, 12, Cromwell Street, Gloucester.” (?)
1931: After pressure from the Canadian Legion, the Canadian parliament amended the Armistice Act – to set aside the eleventh November to pay tribute to those “who gave their lives that freedom might prevail.” On Canada’s first national Remembrance Day (11 November 1919) 50,000 people stood on Quebec’s Parliament Hill, in the sun.
1933, 19 Jan: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Berengaria’, for New York.
1933, 25 Jan: Madame Guérin arrived in New York from Le Havre. H.Wife. Last Permanent Address: Paris. Nearest Relative: Husband: Eugene Guerin, 6 rue Lalo, Paris XVI, France.
1933, 10 May: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Berengaria’, for New York.
1933, 16 May: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Housewife. Nearest Relative: Husband: Eugene Guerin, 6 Rue Lalo, Paris, France. Going to see: Sister Juliette.
1933, 06 Oct: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Europa’, for New York.
1933, 11 Oct: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Antiquaire [Antiquarian]. Last Permanent Residence: Paris, France. Nearest Relative: Husband: Eugene Guerin, 4 rue Claude Chahn, Paris, France. Where going: French Antiques Co., 160 E 56th Street, New York City.
1934, 10 Feb: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Europa’, for New York.
1934, 16 Feb: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Occupation: “Private”.
1934, 09 Nov: Northampton Mercury, England, reports on the ‘World Wide Appeal of Poppy Day’, mentioning Madame Guérin.
1935, 06 Nov: Madame Guérin departed Cherbourg, on ship ‘Britannic’, for New York.
1935, 14 Nov: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Residence: Paris, France. Housewife. Nearest relative: Husband, Eugéne Guérin 6 Rue de Lalo, Paris.
1937, 05 Nov: Northampton Mercury, England: “It was a French woman, Madame Guerin, who first thought that the poppy would make an appropriate emblem to sell in aid of ex-servicemen in distress”.
1938, 23 Nov: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Champlain’, for New York.
1938, 01 Dec: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Housewife. Last Permanent Address: USA, NYcy. Going to her sister Juliette Boulle in NY. Nearest relative: Daughter, Mrs. Julien, 4 rue Claude Chahu – Paris France. (Eugène is not “nearest relative” – is he dead or are the couple estranged?)
1939, 03 Sept: Great Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany.
1940, 19 May: Madame Guérin departed Nazaire, on ship ‘Champlain’, for New York.
1940, 27 May: Madame Guérin arrived in New York. Nearest relative: Daughter: Mrs. R. Julien, 4 Rue Claude Chahu – Paris. Going to: Sister: J. Boulle, 686 Lexington Ave – New York City. Mrs. R. Julien was Anna’s daughter Raymonde, née Rabanit.
1940, June: Germans entered Paris and France signed an armistice with Germany.
1940 – 1945: It is deduced that Madame Anna Guérin lived in New York City with sister Juliette, during the World War Two years.
1941, 09 Feb: Madame Guérin wrote to Moїna Michael on this day and enclosed a Synopsis she had written, to prove her claim to be “the originator of the Poppy Days”.
1945, 08 May: Victory in Europe Day.
1945, July Madame Guérin left United States of America (21 Nov. 1945 Passenger List fact).
1945, 21 Nov: Madame Guérin departed Le Havre, on the ship ‘Edmund B Alexander’, for New York.
1945, 29 Nov: Madame Guérin arrived in New York: Lecturer; Last permanent address – New York City; and she was joining sister Juliette Boulle at 257 3rd Avenue, New York City.
1946, 27 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. Occupation: Antiques Dealer. Nearest Relative: Sister Juliette Boulle at 3rd Avenue, New York. Joining a friend or relative: “No. Returning home”. Final Destination: 3rd Avenue, New York. French Passport, expires 9.5.47. If in US before: Living there. Intended date/port of departure: Permanently. Intended stay length: Permanently.
1947, 25 Aug: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. Occupation: Merchant (Antiques?). Address: 957 3rd Street, New York.
1948, 29 Aug: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. “GUERIN Born Boulle”. Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.
1948, 11 Dec: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1949, 14 May: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1949, 03 Nov: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York
1950, 04 Jan: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York. Anna Guérin was travelling with her married daughter Renée (Madame Renée Guibal née Rabanit).
1950, 28 Jan: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1950, 08 Feb: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. “Boulle Anna Guerin”. Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.
1950, 19 May: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1950, 05 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.
1950, 31 Oct: A ‘Life Claim Application’ for Madame Guérin is on file in New York
1950, 07 Dec: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1951, 05 Feb: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York. Anna Guérin was travelling with her married daughter Renée (Madame Renée Guibal née Rabanit).
1951, 06 Jun: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1951, 04 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York. Address: 957, 3rd Avenue, New York.
1952, 07 Jun: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1952, 06 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1952, 05 Dec: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1953, 13 Mar: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1953, 28 May: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1953, 19 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1954, 24 Jun: Air flight from Bermuda to New York.
1955, 12 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1956, 20 Sep: Air flight from Paris Orly to New York.
1961, 16 Apr: Madame Anna Guérin née Boulle died at Square Charles Dickens 5, Paris, Île-de-France, France – in the 16th arrondissement. Anna was 83 years old.